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2009 - International Marine Conservation Congress Pages: 4 pages || Words: 1501 words || 
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1. Jones, Peter. "Governing marine protected areas: different approaches to achieving a balanced approach" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Marine Conservation Congress, George Madison University, Fairfax, Virginia, May 20, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p296296_index.html>
Publication Type: Oral Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The management of MPAs must balance the need to achieve strategic biodiversity conservation objectives, often through statutory obligations, with the need to promote stakeholder participation in decision-making, often through co-management. In order to achieve this balance, it is widely recognised that the management of MPAs involves a combination of both top-down and bottom-up approaches, but what does this mean? This key question is explored through an analysis of MPA case studies from different contexts around the world. This analysis focuses on the different approaches that have been employed to address basic conflicts between resource exploitation and biodiversity conservation objectives, recognising that such conflicts should be the focus of such analyses, rather then vainly seeking consensus. The main reason MPAs may not be effective in achieving biodiversity conservation objectives is that they lack the capacity to address such conflicts. In order to address such basic conflicts there often needs to be a balance between the controlling role of relevant authorities and the devolvement of authority to stakeholders. If an appropriate balance is not achieved there are risks that the vested interests of certain stakeholders will influence MPA management decisions to the degree that the strategic biodiversity conservation obligations are undermined. This paper explores the potential of different ‘incentives’ (legal, customary, economic, proprietorship & knowledge) to address such conflicts through case studies from around the world with a view to seeking examples of good practice in effectively governing MPAs, analysing their transferability to different contexts and collating different approaches to such good practice

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 6703 words || 
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2. Saruya, Hiroe. "Theories on Democracy: From Sociological Approaches toward a Semiotic Approach" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p104330_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Democracy has been the key concept triggering the transition and transformation of our societies, especially after the collapse of the former Soviet Union. Democracy is also one of the issues that sociological works have dealt with. Aiming to critically examine the sociological approach to democracy, this paper investigates theories of democracy in sociology and in political philosophies. The paper argues that: (1) sociological theories have tended to focus on the procedural matter of democracy and take democracy as the matter of the (nation-) state, without much problematizing the tension between civil society and the state; (2) theories of democracy of political philosophies are concerned with the distinction between civil society and the state but have not yet provided lucid conclusions on whether democracy is solely about civil society or about both civil society and the state; and (3) theories from either discipline have not provided a clue to answering the question why the notion of democracy is so appealing in our societies, as seen in the worldwide intervention in Iraq’s democracy. Finally, this paper advocates a semiotic approach, which will shed new light on democracy, by focusing on the power of the notion itself.

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 34 pages || Words: 8698 words || 
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3. O'Donnell, Amy., Lutfey, Karen., Marceau, Lisa. and McKinlay, John. "Integrating Methods without Making Qualitative Approaches the Handmaidens of Quantitative Approaches: Using Focus Groups to Improve the Validity of Survey Research" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103385_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This manuscript demonstrates how qualitative methods can form a foundation for quantitative research by improving instrument validity. In order to test terminology, applicability and comprehension of a quantitative questionnaire for doctors in the United States and United Kingdom, physician focus groups were conducted in both countries. The focus group questions were organized around the experiment including (1) “patient” validity, (2) population accessibility, (3) level of remuneration, (4) appropriate endorsement figure, and (5) question comprehension. Questions were amended and eliminated, and logistics were strengthened based on the groups’ comments. Focus group data collected during instrument development and fieldwork planning streamlined our processes and helped improve validity for the overall study. Beyond simply adding a qualitative component to an already free-standing quantitative methodology, we capitalized on focus groups as a methodology resulting in increased validity, and used that resource to complement the high reliability and generalizability achieved with a survey.

2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 11 pages || Words: 6687 words || 
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4. Segell, Glen. "The EU Approach to Arms Control: Does it Differ from the American Approach?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 21, 2004 <Not Available>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73925_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Non-proliferation in 2004 is characterised by: 1) the end of Cold War arms control diplomacy dominated by treaties negotiated between the two super-powers 2) residual Cold War WMD stockpiles requiring agreement 3) the advent of rogue states and global terrorism leading to American pre-emptive armed force to disarm them 4) the common approach by 25 EU member states in determining regional and global agenda. The nadir of these features gives necessity to build up existing literature to analyse and critic trans-Atlantic consensus and differences. Specific issues prevail such as Treaty negotiation (CBW, BWC, NPT, CFE), relations with Russia and other organisations (NATO, OSCE), the role of EURATOM and specific proposals (Dayton Accords, ESDP/CSFP, PSI).

2009 - ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING Pages: 7 pages || Words: 2646 words || 
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5. Rezende, Lucas. "The Need for New approaches for Teaching International Relations theories to BA Students: A Cinematic approach" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING, Pontifical Catholic University, Rio de Janeiro Campus (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jul 22, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/X-MSDOWNLOAD>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p381388_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since BA pupils often come straight from High School and aren't mostly used to the academic approach, some of them may not care much for learning theory, which is usually taught on their first semesters at college. This paper aims to show how important it is to use new approaches in teaching theory, such as a cinematic one. We will show how the profile of pupils have changed in the latest years and how teachers should adjust to them, in order to show them the importance of theories for their professional life.

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