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2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 9079 words || 
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1. O'Sullivan, Sara. "Habitual Attendance, Selective Attendance and Avoidance: Understanding Sociology Students’ Different Orientations to Attendance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p563163_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper presents the findings from a recent case study of sociology students’ attendance at University College Dublin, which aimed to examine attendance through a sociological lens. The analysis advances the discussion of attendance beyond the individual level, and a normative model of ‘good’ (i.e. disciplined) and ‘bad’ (i.e unruly) students and behaviours, by examining contextual and collective aspects. Low attendance functions as a safety valve in the Irish university sector in an era of underfunding, and as a result is ignored, tolerated or even accommodated. The paper examines low attendance from the student perspective, aiming to better understand how students make sense of both attendance and non-attendance. The analysis advances the discussion of attendance beyond the individual level, and a normative model of ‘good’ (i.e. disciplined) and ‘bad’ (i.e unruly) students and behaviours, by examining contextual and collective aspects. Sociology students were found to have a range of different orientations to attendance and to make use of a range of different vocabularies of motive (Mills 1940) to account for and make sense of their attendance. For the majority, attendance behaviour is fluid, with some classes attended regularly and others sporadically, or not at all. This study shows student behavior is not fixed, but changes according to the cues given by peers, the institution and by faculty. The implications of the findings, and possible lines of action for faculty and for UCD are outlined. The paper concludes with some thoughts about student attendance in a ‘real utopia’.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 195 words || 
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2. Shine, Beau. "Attendance and Participation Patterns of Offenders Sanctioned to Attend AA" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p517408_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Previous research has suggested that there is no clear evidence of effectiveness of Alcoholics Anonymous from controlled studies (Lightfoot, 1999). Other research has indicated that AA is an effective treatment only 5% of the time, which mirrors treatment-free desistance rates (Solomon, 2008). Additionally, a meta-analysis of drug courts found that drug courts with AA and/or NA attendance requirements placed on offenders were shown to produce lower effect sizes than drug courts that did not require their offenders to attend AA and/or NA (Shaffer, 2006). Finally, a meta-analysis of controlled experiments evaluating the effectiveness of AA found that attending traditional AA meetings was more harmful to offenders than no treatment or attending alternative treatment types (Kownacki & Shadish, 1999). This observational study aims to understand the effectiveness of AA as a judicial sanction. In particular, the quality assurance component of the treatment model will be evaluated to see if offenders required to attend AA are receiving the proper dosage of treatment and are participating in the way the model suggests they do. De-identified data will be gathered from fifty meetings and results and implications of the data will be discussed.

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 19 pages || Words: 5622 words || 
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3. Luckerhoff, Jason. "The Social Representation of Art Museums For Attenders, Non-Attenders And Museum Managers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103895_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: During their research on museum attendance, Bourdieu and Darbel (1966) established that the more educated people were, the more they visited museums. This correlation has since been corroborated a number of times and has never been called into question (Ambrose and Paine, 1993; Edson and Dean, 1994). As pointed out by Donnat (1999, 2003, 2004), the result of cultural democratization appears limited after decades of public cultural action. In order to better understand the motivations of art museum visitors, we analysed the social representation of art museums for attenders, non-attenders and art museum managers. We held eight discussion groups: one with managers from an art museum, two with individuals who hadn’t visited a museum during the last three years, two with individuals who had visited an art museum in the last year and three with individuals who had joined the Friends of The Museum in a specific institution. The interview scheme for the discussion groups included questions on the museum's mission, representation and rate of attendance as well as on advertising, press relations, obstacles to museum visits, accessibility and the democratization of culture. We found that the distinction that once existed between visitors and non-visitors now also exists inside the walls of museums, from now on a bit more accessible. We hence suggest that we may be witnessing a displacement and redefinition of the forms of exclusion. Important implications for communication and marketing practice and theory are discussed.

2007 - International Communication Association Pages: 33 pages || Words: 7832 words || 
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4. Hancock, Jeff., Gill, Alastair., Gonzales, Amy. and Woodworth, Mike. "Attending to the Unattended: Disfluencies and Discourse Markers in Deceptive Conversation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, San Francisco, CA, May 23, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p172358_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper we examine the role of disfluencies (uh, um) and discourse markers (e.g., You know, I mean) in deceptive conversations. Twenty-nine dyads, comprised of a randomly assigned sender and a receiver, engaged in four topics of conversation. Senders deceived the receiver on half the topics and told the truth on the other half. The results revealed that disfluencies did not increase during deceptive communication. You know, which functions to increase mutuality and engagement between interlocutors, was used more by senders than by receivers. In contrast, I mean, which forewarns or distances the speaker from upcoming propositions, was used more during deception than during truth-telling. The results support a functional view of discourse markers, and the pattern of results is consistent with the Interpersonal Deception Theory, which argues that liars in conversation engage in strategic behaviors to 1) manage their image as a credible communicator and 2) control their presentation of information. The role of motivation was also examined, but the motivation manipulation failed to impact the production of disfluencies or discourse markers.

2007 - The Law and Society Association Words: 286 words || 
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5. Achilefu, Ignatius. "Validity of the Sharia Law and Its Attendant Problems: A Case Study on the Nigeria Situation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, TBA, Berlin, Germany, Jul 25, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p173955_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper intends to take a critical look at the validity of the application or operaion of the Sharia Laws in the wold in general and Nigeria in particular. The Sharia Law ids supposed to be operated on the same basis as the Customary Laws system in Nigeria. Which means,that the Sharia Law like the Customary Laws to be valid must first of all be subjected to the test of validity under the ( repugnancy doctrine ).The repugnancy doctrine provides that for a rule of custom or Sharia Law as the case may be, to be valid it must be satisfied that it accords with the principle of natural justice, equityand good conscience and by extension the basic fundamental human rights provisions.The doctrine has until recently being the basis of ascertaining the validity of application of the Sharia Law in Nigeria as contained in the Penal Codes Act. However, under the present political dispensation the Islamic fundamentalists has through participation in politics and eventual clinching of political offices around the world and in Nigeria alike succeeded in introducing a new rigid, fundamentalist dimension to the application of the Sharia Law in Nigeria.The present position of the Sharia Law in Nigeria like in many other Sharia Legal system has continued to evince problems and attract wide criticisms on the basis of it's repugnancy nature, unconstitutionality,inhuman treatment and inconsistencies with the established international human rights standards.Finally, the paper will attempt to consider various arguments adduced in support of the Sharia Law by advocates such as writers,Islamic fundamentalists and scholars.In the same vein I intend to make critical suggestions and submission in respect of the seemingly negative trend of the operation of the Law in Nigeria and worldwide.

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