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2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 5723 words || 
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1. Malat, Jennifer., Purcell, David. and Van Ryn, Michelle. "General Racial Attitudes and Attitudes toward Doctor Race" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p22666_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Research on factors affecting attitudes toward health care has focused mainly on blacks and how personal and historical experiences of unfair treatment affect attitudes toward health care and doctors. While most current research focuses narrowly on factors within health care, the health care system is not a cultural vacuum. This paper seeks to fill some of the gaps in knowledge about black and white patients’ perceptions of race in the medical encounter, specifically attitudes about working with different race versus same race doctors. We use telephone survey data to assess 1) attitudes about doctor race among whites and Blacks; and 2) how race-related attitudes and experiences within and outside of health care affect these attitudes. Attitude toward doctor race was measured by reported comfort with same versus different race doctors, and how well same versus different race doctors understand the respondent’s health. Overall, we find that experiences of unfair past treatment in health care and perceptions of white apathy or hostility toward blacks in the community predicts greater positive attitude toward same race doctors among blacks. Among whites, only negative general racial attitudes predict more positive attitude toward same race doctors. These results suggest that researchers include experiences and attitudes both within and outside health care when examining how race influences patients’ approach to health care.
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Dorshorst, Emily. "Polarization of Abortion Attitudes: Political Identity, Religious Conservatism, and Gender Attitudes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1254280_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v Wade, public discourse has framed abortion as an issue that is polarized on political lines. However, scholarly literature suggests that Americans have not become more politically polarized since the Court’s decision. Using data from the 1985 to 2014 General Social Survey, this study examines both of these claims by exploring changes over time in abortion attitudes associated with political, social, and religious ideologies. By addressing multiple ideological sources, I explore whether and how different dimensions of liberalisms and conservatisms relate to broader changes in abortion attitudes. The results show that abortion attitudes have indeed become increasingly polarized between liberals and conservatives within the given time period. While political identity, religious beliefs, and gender role attitudes are each directly related to public attitudes about abortion, changes in religious conservatism and traditional gender roles cannot account for this trend. This underscores the importance of political identity relative to other ideological factors in understanding the contours of abortion attitudes in the U.S.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 193 words || 
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3. Oceno, Marzia., Wayne, Carly. and Valentino, Nicholas. "Gender Attitudes and the 2016 Presidential Vote: The Power of Attitudes about Feminism and Feminists" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 04, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1328566_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this paper, we examine the political dynamics of gender attitudes in the 2016 presidential election. Many were surprised at the number of white women willing to support Donald Trump. We explore the relationship between gender attitudes and voting behavior in two studies. The first is an online survey using Survey Sampling International (SSI) platform, while the second employs the 2016 American National Election Study (ANES). The SSI results suggest that hostile, rather than benevolent, sexism was strongly associated with opposition to Clinton and support for Trump among both men and women. Moreover, highly gender identified male as well as female voters were more likely to endorse Trump than Clinton. At a finer-grained level, the ANES data show that negative affect toward feminists as a group and modern sexism were very important predictors of support for Trump over Clinton. Attitudes toward feminists had a larger impact among women, while sexism played a stronger role among men. These studies therefore indicate that vote choice in 2016 was significantly influenced by hostility and aversion not to women but rather to a specific group – feminists – and those who endorse the feminist project in general.

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 7746 words || 
Info
4. Manohar, Uttara. and Appiah, Osei. "Perspective Taking to Improve Attitudes Towards International Teaching Assistants: The Role of National Identification and Prior Attitudes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, May 21, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p715132_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: International teaching assistants (ITAs) continue to be criticized and negatively evaluated by undergraduate students in many North American universities. The social identity framework is used to theorize about this intergroup context and perspective taking is proposed as an effective method for improving attitudes towards ITAs. Undergraduate students (N=143) participated in a
survey experiment where they were randomly assigned to receive target-focused or self-focused perspective taking instructions before they watched a video recorded narrative of a distressed ITA. Students answered questions about their national identification, prior attitudes towards ITAs and their willingness to support ITAs in the future. Results showed that students who engaged in target focused perspective taking were more willing to support ITAs than students who engaged in self focused perspective taking. This effect was moderated by students’ level of national identification and their prior attitudes towards ITAs. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Words: 32 words || 
Info
5. Littvay, Levente. and Rico, Guillem. "Are Populist Attitudes Dispositional? The Assessment of Longitudinal Stability of Populist Attitudes in the Presence of Supply Side Volatility — The Case of Spain.P" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1349931_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a representative panel study with four waves, we assess how volatile populist attitudes are in Spain in relation to variation in populist supply due to the oscillation of support for PODEMOS.

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