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2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Larsen, Lars. "The Medical Profession as Health Policy Authority: Claims and Challenges to Professional Authority in Comparative Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, Aug 17, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1120361_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A 1934 declaration from the American Medical Association famously argued that “All features of medical service in any method of medical practice should be under the control of the medical profession”. The organization of health care is no longer simply an organ for the exercise of medical professional power, but also designed to control this power. Despite the controls on medical autonomy, however, studies continuously document cases of ‘professional capture’.

This accentuates the need to not simply document the policy activities of medical associations, but also to understand how the medical profession (re-)constitutes itself as authority on health policy. How is the authority to prescribe health policy reclaimed in health policy contexts where medical interests are no longer sovereign, but have increasingly been contained in control systems, managed care, patient rights, etc.? And do different health care systems – state- or market-centered – enable different positions for professional authority over health policy?

Drawing on Starr’s (1982) classic study of ‘social’ and ‘cultural’ authority in American medicine, this paper compares authority claims made by the medical profession across three countries over 60 years (1950-2010). The data for this interpretive study comprises editorials published in the medical profession’s leading journal in each country, JAMA in the US, the BMJ in the UK, and the Ugeskrift for læger in Denmark. A total of 975 editorials have been content coded and subjected to qualitative analysis in order to show how the medical profession reacts to having its authority challenged.

2018 - Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Dibbs, Rebecca. "Authority Dynamics of Preservice Middle School Teachers During Group Work Pencasts: Authority vs. Influence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, The Westin Galleria Houston, Houston, Texas, Feb 08, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1291571_index.html>
Publication Type: Brief Report
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This case study explored the development of authority, influence, and participation during group work. A discourse analysis was performed to discover several relationships among three different theoretical frameworks. These relationships have critical implications for both practitioners and researchers.

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Monstad, Therese. "Attempts to Bridge the Gap Between Authority of Expertise and Authority of Position" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, Jun 09, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1108247_index.html>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Many contemporary organizations rely on a horizontal organization where local experts acquire authority. Despite this, the overall model appears to be the bureaucratic model where authority is distributed vertically and authority of position and expertise is considered to coincide. These two contradictory models can coexist because the relationship between authority of position and authority of expertise is loosely coupled. However, the contradiction may result in a gap between managers and subordinates as subordinates lose trust in managers if decisions are not based on expertise. Organizations commence to acknowledge this gap and consequently aim to bridge it. In this paper we explore how organizations initiate communicative practices in order to negotiate authority among organizational members. The results point to the importance of providing communicative tools that assist members to reach coorientation in their interactions. As a result the negotiation and sharing of authority seems to be more prone to take place.

2010 - The Law and Society Association Words: 171 words || 
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4. Cross, Remy. "Bending Authority: The Strategic Role of Police Authority in Movement and Countermovement Dynamics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Renaissance Chicago Hotel, Chicago, IL, May 27, 2010 <Not Available>. 2018-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p412804_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Most work on protest policing examines the issue from the perspective of the police, occasionally activists offer their opinions regarding the more repressive actions of the police but activist accounts of protest policing seldom go beyond this. Yet we know that movement organizations and activists are savvy towards their environment and highly adaptive when it comes to taking advantage of anything that might give them a strategic edge. So how is it that the police, who are nearly always present at a protest event, are not considered as potentially useful strategic assets for movements?

I would argue that the police are, in fact, often used by protesters in ways that give the protesters' strategic advantage particularly in situations where there are both demonstrators and counter-demonstrators, or at a minimum an entity that actively stands in opposition to the protest.

Drawing upon participant observation I discuss the role of the police from the perspective of the street level protesters and what advantages they can confer upon savvy protesters engaged in face to face confrontations.

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