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2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 9533 words || 
1. Friedman, Elie. "Recognition Gaps in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The People-State and Self-Other Axes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study identifies gaps in official discourse between recognition of the other as a nation and recognition of the other's right to statehood within identity conflicts. Using as a case study the discourse of Israeli political leaders during three distinct periods from 1967 until the present, the study proposes analytical tools based on recognition theory to examine how the relationship between recognition of the other and constitution of the self impact recognition gaps. The study illustrates that partial recognition of the other – either affirmation of peoplehood coupled with denial of statehood or conversely affirmation of statehood coupled with denial of peoplehood – can result from an untenable view of self based on ontological dissonance. Recognition of the other is shown to be an essential aspect of self-constitution within the context of a transformation of self-identity towards an identity that frees itself of mastery over the other.

2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 21 pages || Words: 7237 words || 
2. Eugene, Widick. "Culture Under the Axe: Symbolic Order and Social Movement in the Redwood Timber Wars" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The question of culture, the theme of our urban, ASA conference and the growing obsession across the human sciences and humanities, is being answered everyday in very distant, very rural county of Humboldt, California. I know—because my research took me there and forced me to make a concept of culture work in context of field research on the redwood timber wars. My purpose here is to convey the difficulty of representing this experience but also report my success; a concept of culture can be useful—but you have to make it yourself, using the materials you find on the spot.
In this paper I begin by describing the recent events, and discourses of the redwood timber wars that I found in circulation when I entered the field. Leaping into the symbolic material of this deep context of struggle serves to introduce the reader to Humboldt’s ancient forest conflict. As the materials collected accumulate they provide the occasion for describing the conflict itself as a field of symbolic force—i.e., a cultural field produced in the compromise formation between the dominant forces (symbolic order) and the challenging forces (social movements). I build this concept of culture directly from my empirical encounter with the redwood timber wars, with the help of some influential words and directions from social theorists along the way.

2009 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 355 words || 
3. Dillon, Elizabeth. "Elizabeth Maddock Dillon: Axes of American Studies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Renaissance Hotel, Washington D.C., <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: In this paper, I argue that an east-west axis of analysis has historically over-shadowed a north-south axis of analysis in American Studies. In American Studies, even post-exceptionalist American studies, the history of American culture tends to move from east to west, a movement of continental sweep that describes a nation building itself from colony to superpower. However, the under-explored north-south axis of analysis provides a model that links the 18th century colonial Americas to 21st century American neoliberalism and globalization—relegating to the background the previously central account of nation-building and nation-state formation of the 19th and 20th century U.S. or at the very least, placing such accounts against a larger global background and history of capitalism dating from the development of the Atlantic world economy in the 18th century. Highlighting an alternative spatial axis of American Studies thus brings to the fore an alternative temporal axis as well—one in which the Atlantic colonial history of the Americas becomes far more significant.
Turning to these alternative axes of American Studies, I focus specifically on two key concepts: primitive accumulation and social reproduction. Marxists have described primitive accumulation as the original act of violent disappropriation that founded capitalism, yet I argue that primitive accumulation is ongoing, and, moreover, may in fact be accelerated by the modalities of capitalism in the era of globalization: primitive accumulation reveals the spatial and temporal continuity of the transfer of wealth from the global south to the global north that was foundational for colonial systems in the eighteenth century and remains foundational to the global capitalist economy today. Further, in relation to the history of the Americas and Atlantic modernity, I make two key claims: first, what defines “primitive accumulation” is the eradication of social reproduction, and not simply the proletarianization of labor. And second, a corollary claim, that racialization—the production of raced bodies—has historically been, and continues to be, a key technology of primitive accumulation. Placing a history of primitive accumulation along a north-south axis at the center of American Studies, I argue, reveals a reconfigured field which gives critical purchase to a post-national paradigm of American Studies

2014 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 150 words || 
4. Cox, Virginia. "The Laurel and the Axe: Execution Lyrics in Late Renaissance Italy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, New York, NY, Hilton New York, <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Studies of early modern execution literature have to date centered nearly exclusively on popular execution ballads and broadsheets. Two capital cases in late sixteenth-century Italy, however, inspired bodies of Petrarchist lyric verse as a response: first, that of Laura Frías, beheaded in Palermo in 1572 as an accessory to the murder of her husband, and, secondly, that of Ippolita Passarotti and Lodovico Landinelli, beheaded in Bologna in 1587 for the poisoning of Ippolita’s father. In total, we have more than a hundred lyrics relating to the two episodes, as well as five longer and more popular narrative poems relating to the Bologna case. This body of verse, almost unexplored to date, is of remarkable interest as a document of responses to executions and of social and gender attitudes more generally. It offers a striking instance of late Petrarchism’s general tendency to a new engagement with the social and material world.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 489 words || 
5. Dismukes, Andrew. and Shirtcliff, Elizabeth. "Temporally and Contextually Dependent Coupling of the HPA and HPG Axes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: The Hypothalamic – Pituitary – Adrenal (HPA) axis constitutes a stress responsive biochemical cascade that culminates in the production of cortisol, which can help an individual adapt and orient to stressors. Likewise, the Hypothalamic – Pituitary – Gonadal (HPG) axis responds to multiple contexts such as challenge, competition, and mating, in order to facilitate participation and motivation to act. It is possible that there are sometimes shared characteristics between stress and challenge that would make co-activation of the HPA and HPG axes across certain contexts plausible. From this vantage point, we wished to examine whether coupling of the HPA and HPG axes could be replicated across multiple data sets, and whether these patterns held up across different measurements of time.

Data from three separate studies informed this proposal. Firstly, 44 participants (Mean age 29.6, SD 9.6) provided saliva samples before and after skydiving, an extreme acute challenge. Secondly, a cohort of 120 adolescent participants (mean age 11.33, SD 1.72) were recruited to undergo multiple days of diurnal saliva collection, one of which occurred in a lab where they also underwent an MRI and completed extensive questionnaires, marking this as a day-long stressful event. Thirdly, saliva samples of incarcerated adolescents (Mean age 16.08, SD 1.06) were collected multiple times a day over two days, as well as multiple measures of behavior and early life adversity. Saliva was collected via passive drool, was immediately frozen upon collection, and was assayed using commercially-available, well-established assays. These three data sets represent three different time courses. Skydiving occurs acutely, and the body immediately acts to calibrate to this event. The lab day of the MRI study contains a series of environmental events that culminate into a full day of stressful stimuli. The incarcerated adolescents study examines the impact of early life adversity across development upon cross-axis communication. This allows us to assess whether or not cross-axis coupling was observable across minutes, days, and lifetimes. Data was examined using hierarchical linear modeling and separate base models were derived for each study. In each of these studies, cortisol was the outcome of interest. Testosterone was loaded as a predictor variable to capture momentary HPA-HPG coupling, along with control variables for age, race, gender, medication usage, and BMI.

For the skydiving study, testosterone positively predicted cortisol (B=.652, p<.001), suggesting that, across an acute skydiving event, as testosterone increases, so does cortisol. For the day-long stressor, an interaction term between time since waking, lab day, and testosterone was observed (B=.010, p<.05). Across this stressful day-long event, as cortisol is elevated, so too is testosterone. Lastly, in incarcerated adolescents, testosterone significantly predicted cortisol (B=.61, p<.001), and this relationship between cortisol and testosterone was strongest within participants who had experienced greater early life adversity (B=.06, P<.05). Taken together, these three studies introduce compelling evidence that the HPA and HPG axes can work together across multiple contexts, and coupling can be exhibited across reactive, diurnal, and lifelong time courses.

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