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2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Words: 216 words || 
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1. Davenport, Christian., Armstrong, David. and Stam, Allan. "In the Line of Fire: Battle Fronts, Battle Deaths and Rwandan Political Violence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p179564_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: By aggregating to the nation-year, existing research ignores distinctions between forms of political violence. The differences are crucial however because the different forms involve very different processes and have very different implications. For example, genocide/politicide considers a situation where state authorities are the ones responsible for violence ( i.e., the territorial jurisdiction within which the violence takes place is under the states control), insurgency considers a situation where dissidents are the ones responsible for violence (i.e., the territorial jurisdiction within which the violence takes place is under the dissidents control) and civil war considers a situation where both state authorities and political dissidents are responsible for what transpires ( i.e., the territorial jurisdiction within which the violence takes place lies between the state and challengers). Such determinations are crucial for assessing blame, the logistics of humanitarian intervention and the targets of prosecution. By identifying exactly where battle fronts are located (by longitude/latitude and day) as well as examining conflict at a low-level spatial and temporal aggregation (i.e., by secteur/commune and day), we use a unique database on political violence in Rwanda during 91 days in 1994 and identify which form of violence existed, when as well as where. Our research reveals the complexity of violent events and the importance of disaggregation for understanding what took place.

2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 5841 words || 
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2. Kennedy, Amanda. "Theatres of Battle, Battles of Meaning: Meanings and Historical Representations of Civil War Reenactment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p107647_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Civil War reenacting consumes the time, money, efforts, and imaginations of all those who don the uniform of the fallen soldier. Unlike some avocations, however, the efforts of reenactment participants evoke historical concerns bearing more social significance than a mere pastime. The reliving of this pivotal event in our country’s history brings to light a number of social issues our society is grappling with in modern times. Questions of the individual in modernity, historical representation, and race and gender relations all manifest themselves in the theatre of the reenacting battlefield.
To date, most research on Civil War reenacting has been done by academics in the arenas of folklore and cultural studies. This paper attempts to rectify the lack of research placing reenactment in a sociological context. The research explores the meanings of reenactment for the participant, as well as the crises of historical representation along race and gender lines occurring in the arena. Qualitative methods are used to examine the topic; participant observation at a battle reenactment and four in-depth interviews with reenactors have been conducted for the research thus far (interviews and participant observations are ongoing, however). A theoretical framework of collective memory to examine Civil War reenacting is utilized, while acknowledging emergent themes manifested in the data. Historian Alon Confino’s assertion that the past is constructed as myth to serve a particular community, a past which individuals are committed to constructing to sanctify community and individual meanings, is discussed in the context of the research.

2015 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 149 words || 
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3. Paredes, Cecilia. "How to Tell a Battle? The Renaissance Tapestry Cycle of the Battle of Pavia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany, <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p751946_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The triumph of the Habsburg army at the battle of Pavia, was praised through all kind of media. A tapestry cycle, formerly part of Charles V’s collection, was a component of magnificent princely displays at the Habsburg court. Upon looking at this precious sixteenth century hanging (over 500m2), one may be captivated by the swarming of the armies and the vivid impression of chaos and horror. Despite their monumental size, the pictorial narrative discourse of the tapestries has not been studied with full attention in visual studies. Our presentation of the textile masterpiece in its artistic and cultural context, will allow us to raise numerous questions about the “making-off” of this precious object. The characteristics of its visual rhetoric in regards to others representations of the battle in paintings and engravings, as well as the weight of the iconographical tradition on the warfare pictorial discourse, will also be discussed.

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