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2004 - Western Political Science Association Pages: 35 pages || Words: 7079 words || 
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1. McHorney, Christopher. "To Bribe or not to Bribe: Searching for Explanations for Political Corruption" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Marriott Hotel, Portland, Oregon, Mar 11, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p87760_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Political corruption imposes economic and political cost on society. The economics literature is replete with scholarly studies linking political corruption with undesirable eco-nomic outcomes, such as lower levels of economic growth. In addition, corruption con-tradicts one of the fundamental principles of democracy – public officials are to serve the people and not to engage in self-aggrandizing behavior. Political corruption alters the re-lationship between the government and its citizens. Consequentially, political corruption acts as a corrosive agent on the legitimacy of a government. Using data from Freedom House, Transparency International, Amnesty International, Polity IV, and other sources, I have developed a more systematic and global approach to the study of the phenomenon of political corruption. I empirically test political and economic explanations for political corruption in one hundred and forty countries.

2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 150 words || 
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2. Gans-Morse, Jordan. "Guns, Gavels, and Bribes: Securing Property Rights in Contemporary Russia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1125761_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Why do some firms use violence or corruption to resolve disputes, while others employ legal strategies? Drawing on an original survey of Russian enterprises, this article analyzes the determinants of firm strategies for securing property rights. Classic studies emphasize that firms’ strategies depend on the types of transactions in which they engage, such as whether or not exchanges are repeated. While such explanations may be valid in many contexts, they often fall short in emerging markets. In countries such as Russia firm strategies depend more on access to resources than on transactional characteristics. Firms facing barriers to the use of formal institutions lack legal resources and are more likely to resort to violence or corruption. Similarly, firms whose client or supplier networks facilitate corruption are more likely to employ illegal strategies. The findings offer insights into the types of firms that support or oppose development of the rule of law.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 221 words || 
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3. Yankova, Gergana. "Should I bribe or should I go? The practices of corruption as an information problem in Italy and Russia." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p84066_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper casts the practices of
corruption as an information problem. It seeks to explain the mechanism
of distribution of public procurement contracts, and is conceived as a
comparative case study of the municipal elites in Italy and in Russia.
The underlying assumption of the argument is that in countries, where
the interaction between the municipalities and the local businesses is
not well institutionalized, public servants have some leverage to
deviate from the formal rules. The paper hypothesizes that municipal
officials make decisions whether to embark on illegal practices, based
on their perception of the likelihood that they will be punished for
the corrupt acts. They form this perception on the basis of the
information they receive from three main sources- the media, the record
of successful court litigations against corrupt officials, and informal
gatherings. The paper operationalizes each of these three factors of
the political and social environment and traces their effect on the
perception of the municipal elites. Media bias is measured through the
number of newspaper quotes regarding corruption interacted with the
specific ownership of this newspaper. Information regarding possible
punishment from the courts is measured as a percentage of successful
litigation over persecution cases. The crux of the paper examines how
informal associations can serve as major channels for conveying
information about the general tolerance for corruption. It could be
conceived as a novel extension of the studies of associations and their
ramifications on the decision making process of political
elites.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 36 pages || Words: 8136 words || 
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4. Bjørnskov, Christian. "Can Bribes Buy Protection Against International Competition?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p268142_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Paper looks at the relation between corruption and non-tariff barriers.

2014 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 131 words || 
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5. Fissell, Mary. "Babies and Bribes: Finding Early Modern Female Readers of English Popular Medical Books" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, New York, NY, Hilton New York, <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p676926_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Aristotle’s Masterpiece was the best-selling popular guide to pregnancy and childbirth from its first publication in 1684 all the way into the twentieth century. While it went into hundreds of editions, information about individual readers is somewhat scarce. In this paper I explore what we can know about female readers of the Masterpiece and its antecedent texts. In plays and essays, young female readers are portrayed as reading the Aristotle texts and becoming all too knowledgeable about sexual matters, but many of the historical references we have to actual readers are about young men. I expose this paradox and examine how we can analyze books such as these, aimed at very wide readerships rather than learned ones, by employing a mix of evidence drawn from fiction, drama, parish records, and marginalia.

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