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2018 - Comparative and International Education Society Conference Words: 577 words || 
1. Montgomery, Catherine. "Big brother little brother? China’s transformative approach to engaging elite with provincial higher education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Conference, Hilton Mexico City Reforma Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico, <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In the last three decades China has engaged in an intensive reform of its higher education system and this has involved a staggering level of investment in research and internationalisation agendas with the aim of developing an elite system of institutions to reach ‘worldclass’ level (Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, 2013; Montgomery, 2016). However, China is a vast country of many contrasts and there are significant challenges in the divide between the urbanised and wealthy east of the country and the rural and impoverished west of China, which despite being part of an emerging giant economy, could be seen as part of the ‘global south’, characterised by marginalisation and low opportunities to access and succeed in both higher and school education (Yang, 2014). The provision of higher education in China mirrors the unequal economic distribution in the urban Eastern and Central areas of the country and suggests a socially differentiated access to higher education and an increasingly differentiated access to elite institutions (Author, 2016; Chiang et al., 2015; Marginson, 2015). This rural-urban divide is also a pattern that is being repeated globally in countries with giant emerging economies such as South Africa and Mexico. China recognises that these internal economic and social inequalities could be a barrier to its progress and its ambition of competing with the USA and the West (Marginson, 2017a). This paper considers some of the initiatives that China is developing in order to address this challenge. This includes the Chinese Ministry of Education’s ‘two brothers’ cooperation programme which aims to address the socio-economic disadvantage of the rural-urban divide by partnering an elite university in the east, (‘big brother’), with a provincial university in the west of China, (‘little brother’) (Doyle, 2016). Furthermore, China’s ‘One Belt One Road’ programme, which sets into lockstep its higher education and economic and political agendas, is beginning to have an impact on social and educational mobility along the route of the old Silk Road (Author, 2017). Whilst social and economic inequalities in HE in China and globally persist and intensify, this paper considers what might be learned from China’s unique approach to the strategic manipulation of higher education resource (Doyle, 2016) and suggests that the evaporating dream of the social purpose higher education (Marginson, 2017b) may yet see a revival.


Author (2016)

Author (2017)

Chiang, T.-H., Meng, F., Ye, F., and Yan, L.. (2015) ‘Globalisation and elite universities in China’. In Zanten, A., Ball, S., and Darchy-Koechlin, B. (eds). World Yearbook of Education 2015. New York: Routledge, 111–26.

Doyle, S. (2016) ‘Changing flows and directions for international education and mobilities in selected Asiancountries: Turning to look at Asia’. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 18, 2 (December): 13-28.

Marginson, S. (2015) ‘The strategic positioning of Australian research universities in the East Asian region. Higher Education’, 70 (2), pp. 265-281.

Marginson, S. (2017a) ‘Higher education, economic inequality and social mobility: implications for emerging East Asia’. International Journal for Educational Development. Published online at

Marginson, S. (2017b) ‘And the sky is grey: The ambivalent outcomes of the California Master Plan for Higher Education’. Higher Education Quarterly. 2017; 1–14.

Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China (MoE) (2013) ‘Current situation of Chinese–foreign transnational education since the implementation of the National Medium and Long Term Program for Education Reform and Development’. Online. (accessed 10/10/17; in Chinese).

Yang, P. (2014) ‘Empire at the margins: Compulsory mobility, hierarchical imaginary, and education in China’s ethnic borderland’. London Review of Education, 12 (1), 5–19.

2016 - The Twelfth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 43 words || 
2. Bolen, Derek. and Bolen, Zack. "Brothers Writing the Body Disordered OR How to be Brothers with Disorderly Bodies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Twelfth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 18, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Continuing to develop a relational methodology of family autoethnography, the brothers co-construct and contra-construct narratives that critique and deconstruct cultural imperatives of orderly bodies in physical (e.g., size, shape, weight) and metaphysical (e.g., altered states of consciousness) contexts as they are relationally becoming.

2017 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 279 words || 
3. Hochman, Brian. "Little Brother, Big Brother: The Telephone Tap and the Invention of the American Surveillance State" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: This paper considers how wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping became synonymous with government surveillance in the United States. For the majority of the twentieth century, wiretapping was practiced as much by private individuals and as by government agencies. Professional eavesdroppers did far more work on divorce and corporate espionage cases, for instance, than on matters of national security. This began to change in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1968, Congress passed the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act (OCCSSA), a law that outlawed all forms of wiretapping outside of the sanctioned investigative activities of state and federal law enforcement agencies. Four years later, the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at Watergate brought renewed attention to the problem of government eavesdropping in Washington.
As I demonstrate in this paper, it was in this period that the telephone tap began to seem the exclusive province of the state—an image that of course still holds sway today. To trace this momentous shift in popular perception, I examine some of the early congressional actions and court cases that led to the passage of the OCCSSA: the rise and fall of Edward V. Long’s Senate Subcommittee on Invasions of Privacy (1965-1967); the publication of Alan Westin’s influential study Privacy and Freedom (1967); and the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decisions in Berger v. New York (1967) and Katz v. United States (1967). I also consider the OCCSSA's influence on the then-thriving business of private eavesdropping. The paper ultimately reveals how an earlier generation understood—and later confronted—problems of communications privacy that resonate in our own political moment.

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