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2004 - American Political Science Association Pages: 52 pages || Words: 16628 words || 
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1. Brown, George. "Carte Blanche: Federal Prosecution of State and Local Officials after Sabri" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Aug 27, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-09-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p60691_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Federal prosecutions of state and local officials for political corruption are a significant feature of the American political landscape. However, they raise serious federalism questions, especially the potential impact on state autonomy and sovereignty. Thus, these prosecutions would seem to run counter to the Supreme Court’s “New Federalism.” The Court has never explored the issue in depth. Last term it handed down a decision highly favorable to the federal role in the case of Sabri v. United States. This paper examines Sabri, and questions the rationale that the prosecution in that case was an example of justifiable protection of federal funds. The article offers an alternative perspective, namely, that the Court was anxious to further the anti-corruption imperative demonstrated in McConnell (the Campaign Finance Reform case). The article concludes with possible alternative rationales for a strong federal role in overseeing state and local governments and for a general anti-corruption statute.

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 22 pages || Words: 8646 words || 
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2. Messineo, Melinda. "Images of Race and Gender in Advertising: Is “A-La-Carte” Cable Television Packaging Negative for Minorities?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103084_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The proliferation of specialized/niche television markets broadens the number of venues for group representation, but narrows the focus of any given station. The literature has not yet explored the degree to which television advertising mirrors this effect or its possible implications. Additionally, the recent discussion of “a la cart” cable television options has niche stations debating the potential impact of increasingly selective viewing. Minority targeted stations are doubly-concerned about not only the potential of losing valuable audience and resources, but also the potential loss of a positive minority presence in the overall media landscape. This concern assumes that niche stations matter and that they influence the way that minority groups are presented. This article analyzes the impact of niche markets on minority representations by reporting on a content analysis of television commercials (n = 434) aired during prime-time on both the general networks and an African American niche market (BET) in 2002. In-group/out-group representations are explored in relation to depictions of agency and domestic/romantic fulfillment. The findings reveal that although the majority of characters were white males, the niche market did provide a venue for alternative minority representations. Specifically, characters in the African American niche were more likely to be portrayed as respected and as sex-objects. Although the niche market represents a venue for minority voices, it also has the potential for negative ramifications suggesting that the loss of these niche outlets could have a complicated impact on the number and quality of images of minorities in the media.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 365 words || 
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3. Sequeira, Sandra. "Governance a la Carte: The Politics of Privatization in Sub-Saharan Africa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-09-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100354_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Since the 1990s, privatization has touched nearly every African country. The forceful role of International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and foreign donors has in most cases determined the initiation of this reform, as part of a standardized agenda that aimed at radically restructuring African economies to enable long-term growth. However, despite the uniformity of the policy recommendations, these privatization schemes have differed in design, strategy, pace and scope. Furthermore, the overall level of dependence of IFI aid is uncorrelated with the extent and type of privatization in each country. A full range of privatization techniques have been adopted, with schemes differing in the level of investment responsibility, the degree of affirmative action to ensure domestic private sector participation, the relative irreversibility of the privatization transaction and the degree of risk transferred to the private sector. This paper explores whether this variation can be explained by differences in political institutions across Sub-Saharan African countries. The assumption is that different political institutions matter in explaining a country?s ability to implement a policy with significant distributional consequences. The paper develops a model of political rent-seeking and political survival as determining the trade-off faced by the state between efficient and distributive policies. Political systems have shown a surprising capacity to adapt to the disappearance of traditional rents, and to use state institutions and policies to strengthen new and different patronage networks. Consequently, there is a strong continuity of state power operating alongside the disruptions caused by privatization. The traditional over-reliance of African governments on rent-extraction machineries, the absence of countervailing powers in society to scrutinize state action and the lack of independent regulatory agencies, places intense political bargaining between different stakeholders at the center of processes of institutional change. This renders the analysis of the African case of politically-driven privatizations particularly important.The paper focuses on competitive industries (agriculture, tourism, manufactures), for which there is both a weaker rationale for state ownership and more private interest in the acquisition of firms. It presents results from a cross-country analysis of 2,500 privatization transactions in 41 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, results from two in-depth case studies of the process of privatization in Mozambique and Kenya shed light on the politics behind privatization.

2009 - ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING Words: 129 words || 
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4. Ferreira-Pereira, Laura. and Novais, Rui. "Autodeterminação à la carte? Timor Leste, Saara Ocidental e Kosovo na Política Externa Portuguesa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING, Pontifical Catholic University, Rio de Janeiro Campus (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jul 22, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-09-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p381412_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Esta comunicação tem por objectivo aferir as preocupações de índole ética e normativa que enformam a política externa contemporânea de Portugal. Com base numa análise comparativa das posições político-diplomáticas adoptadas oficialmente pelas autoridades portuguesas relativamente às pretensões de autodeterminação do povo timorense, saraui e kosovar, este estudo procurará iluminar as dinâmicas subjacentes aos processos decisórios que têm desembocado na atribuição da primazia aos interesses nacionais em detrimento das preocupações éticas. Nesta perspectiva, a comunicação a apresentar revelará que apesar das autoridades portuguesas frequentemente afirmarem prosseguir uma linha de política externa balizada por preocupações éticas, aquelas têm vindo a adoptar posturas contraditórias em relação a episódios envolvendo o princípio/direito à autodeterminação dos povos. Consequentemente, o estudo conclui que a política externa portuguesa é paradigmática de uma espécie de relativismo ético.

2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Words: 41 words || 
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5. Wise, Carol. "Trade Liberalization a la Carte: Latin American Bilateral FTAs with the U.S. and China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-09-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p416716_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Since China`s 2001 entry into the World Trade Organization its trade and investment ties with the Latin American region have grown exponentially. As of 2009 China is now the second most important trade partner for Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and Mexi

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