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2019 - American Sociological Association Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Lippmann, Stephen., Croidieu, Grégoire., Kim, Phillip. and Harrington, C.. "Category formation and strategic decision making: How category boundaries filter institutional logics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton New York Midtown & Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel, New York City, Aug 09, 2019 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1515556_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Our goal in this project is to examine how institutional logics—the “cultural structures that bring order to domains of practice”—are filtered through category boundaries, and how the emergence of category boundaries can change the cognitive and cultural bases of organizational decision making. The coalescence of organizational boundaries can change incentives, realign stakeholders, and create new opportunities or constraints. Our research demonstrates that the emergence of the soap opera as a well-established cultural form—particularly in its temporal dimension—changed the way networks made decisions. Instead of innovating by investing in new shows, they became more likely to exploit existing shows through time slot expansion and switching.

2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 5293 words || 
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2. Leung, Ming. "Job Categories and Geographic Identity: A Category Stereotype Explanation for Geographic Agglomeration" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p563749_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Many previous explanations which attempt to explain geographic concentration of industries propose what I refer to as supply-side advantages to firms which co-locate geographically. I, instead, suggest an alternative, demand-side mechanism. I argue that in labor markets, particular types of work become associated with specific geographical locations. This association becomes a categorical stereotype – which leads buyers in markets to prefer sellers from particular geographic regions merely because they seem more legitimate. I test this theory in an online marketplace for freelancing services – a market which should not exhibit effects of alternative, more economically based, agglomeration mechanisms. I find that the greater the association between a particular job category and a geographic location – what I term job specific geographic identity – the more likely any freelancer from that country will win a job in that category. This effect holds net of other explanations reflected by measures of experience and price.

2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 9562 words || 
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3. Nigam, Amit. "What Do Categories Do? Disease Categories and the U.S. Healthcare System" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p107776_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This essay provides a theoretical literature review aimed at emphasizing the potential importance of categories and category systems in organizational sociology. Drawing on the empirical example of disease categories, it focuses on understanding what categories do. It highlights three themes for understanding what categories do in organizational contexts: organizing information, making meaning and exerting control.

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
Info
4. Sargent, Matthew., Clark, Joshua., Monge, Peter. and Fulk, Janet. "The Impacts of Spanning Implicit Categories in Online Markets: Mapping Stylistic Categories from Keywords" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, May 22, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1366062_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Systems of categorization structure markets by aligning the expectations of producers and consumers. In numerous domains, however, formal data on market categories is not available. Our paper uses social tagging data to track the features that products include. We draw on methodologies from the fields of data mining and network analysis to group tags together into clusters of closely related elements. These implicit categories describe the unarticulated norms of style and content that shape buyer behavior in an online marketplace, even when these categories are not explicitly defined. As a predictor of sales, we demonstrate implicit categories operate just as formal categories do; more conventional combinations of tags lead to higher sales than those with more unusual, boundary-spanning sets of tags. This finding implies that the power of categories to structure markets and the negative impacts of spanning these categories are apparent even when the boundaries themselves are not.

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