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2005 - International Studies Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 9223 words || 
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1. Beichelt, Timm. "The Impact of Enlargement on CFSP" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p69827_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The enlargement of the EU may have two major impacts on CFSP. Firstly, the range of interests within the EU has certainly grown. Not least because of historic and contemporary experiences with their big neighbor Russia, the Central European member states see the USA as an additional anchor for European stability, whereas major old member states lately have been trying to set up a more autonomous European foreign policy. Secondly, the Commission's New Neighborhood Initiative of 2003 tries to formulate a foreign policy strategy towards the new neighbors after enlargement. This puts some of the old and many of the new member states into the responsible position of co-defining policy aims and therefore making an important step towards European integration. The paper aims at analysing both impacts on the conduct of CFSP in the first months after accession.

2005 - International Studies Association Words: 309 words || 
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2. Gross, Eva. "What Space for Europe? The Role of the EU CFSP in National Foreign Policy: The Case of Germany" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p69826_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper employs the concept of Europeanization to analyze the interaction between the national and the European levels in foreign policy-making by focussing on the case of German foreign policy, particularly towards the crisis in Macedonia in 2001. In addition to elucidating the national-European nexus with regard to foreign security policy, this paper also aims to answer the following question: what role does Europe and the European integration project play in national foreign policy considerations? This paper conceptualises Europeanization as three separate but interlocking processes: that of national adaptation (a top-down process), national projection (a bottom-up process) and that of identity formation where European integration and foreign policy identities become ingrained in national decision-making. Europeanization as an analytical concept has gained currency in the study of EU foreign policy in the past few years, but existing studies have not focused on the foreign policies of the big member states. The case of Germany is chosen because despite its multilateral foreign policy profile, the end of the Cold War and unification have raised questions about the country's foreign policy orientation and a potential move towards a more national interest-based foreign policy. Domestically, debates surrounding the use of force and German military deployment in the war in Kosovo as well as the debate about German 'normalisation' also indicated a potential shift away from multilateralism. This paper argues, however, that German foreign policy exhibits a considerable degree of continuity rather than change. In the case of Macedonia, German foreign policy was subject to considerable adaptation pressures to contribute to NATO Operation Essential Harvest in order to retain credibility for Germany (as well as for Europe) even if the possibility for future policy projection was explicitly recognised. In terms of interests and identity, European and German national interests and preferences continued to be frequently equated in national foreign policy discourse.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 18 pages || Words: 3267 words || 
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3. Schiltz, Kaspar. "A Common Discourse about Many Identities: Identity Aspects of the CFSP" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p180832_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Identity has grown into a frequently used and quite fashionable concept within the academic debate. The issue of an European identity is mostly raised with reference to the question whether the citizens of the EU share a common civic or cultural identity. Talking about identity in the context of the Common Foreign and Security (CFSP) of the European Union implies a different conception: We move into a different realm of collective identities since we talk about the identity of an organization. But why approach the topic of CFSP from an identity perspective? Reflecting on the question whether there exists an EU identity in the field of foreign and security policy may clarify to what extent the CFSP can be conceived of as an "independent" EU policy rather than the lowest common denominator of the member states' policies. We may grasp aspects of this independence by trying to discern the focal elements of a foreign and security identity. However, despite the manifold conceptual approaches, examples of concise definitions – not to mention operationalizations – of the concept of identity are rare. But if we consider the concept a valuable tool, a more nuanced perspective on the notion of self-understanding is necessary. In a first part, I will try to discern what mechanisms can be observed in the (re-)production of identity and what indicators can be regarded as manifestations of a collective identity. The second part shall link the mechanisms and indicators observed at the national level to the question on an EU identity in the field of CFSP.

2005 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 5274 words || 
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4. Brennan, Kevin. "Trouble for the European Union: Poland and the CFSP" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Inter-Continental Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Jan 06, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p67078_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed

2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Words: 119 words || 
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5. Ray, Leonard. "Transatlantic Relations and Support for CFSP" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400363_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Research in the aftermath of the 2003 US invasion of Iraq showed a marked decline in European public support for NATO, and a corresponding increase in support for alternative national or European defense arrangements. This was particularly true for individuals with negative views of the United States. This paper carries the analysis forward as two countervailing forces shape European attitudes towards multilateral defense policy. The election of Barack Obama has dramatically improves Europeans' opinions about the United States. However, the NATO war effort in Afghanistan is increasingly unpopular. How these two developments counteract each other will determine the course of public preferences for a NATO or CFSP based defense policy over the near term.

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