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2012 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 408 words || 
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1. Owens, Ryan. and Wohlfarth, Patrick. "Compliance Through Clarity: Examining the Effects of Legal Clarity on Lower Court Compliance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana, Jan 12, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-07-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p544181_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Scholars of judicial politics have long examined the hierarchical relationships between the U.S. Supreme Court and the lower federal courts. Existing studies have contributed to a vast literature documenting the political dynamics that regularly shape how federal appellate courts respond to and apply precedents established by the high court. Despite their considerable theoretical and empirical contributions, existing studies have not fully examined how the transmission of legal information from the Supreme Court’s opinions might substantially affect the degree to which the lower courts follow the high court’s established precedents. In particular, does the clarity of language used to articulate precedents in the Court’s opinions substantially affect the lower courts’ subsequent implementation of those precedents? We build on the important existing work focusing on decision making in the federal judicial hierarchy and examine how the legal clarity of Supreme Court opinions influences lower court treatment of established precedent. We argue that when the justices utilize more transparent language to articulate precedents, lower courts receive a clearer legal signal of how they should implement and interpret the high court’s decisions. Using a random sample of Supreme Court decisions from 1953 to 2008, the empirical results confirm our theory of the effect of Supreme Court opinion clarity on the lower courts. This study highlights the general importance of legal dynamics, and the transmission of legal information in particular, on decision making within the federal judicial hierarchy.

2004 - The Law and Society Association Words: 327 words || 
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2. Alkoby, Asher. "Globalizing "Civil Society": In Search of Conceptual Clarity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Renaissance Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, May 27, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-07-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p117128_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since the early 1990s, an increasing use of the term “global civil society” can be found in the writings of scholars who study the pluralization of global governance. Many of them agree that a realm of collective life is emerging at the global level, inhabited mainly by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). These new actors interact with each other, with states, and with international organizations, and successfully use different tactics to promote their agendas. Three key questions are relevant to the discussion:
· Who is included in what has come to known as “global civil society”?
· What roles should global civil society play in global governance?
· Why should global civil society be involved in what has been thus far the domain of sovereign states alone?
While most of the scholarly interest has focused on the last of the three questions, I take a different approach and begin by addressing the definitional query. The paper traces the origins of the term “civil society” as it emerged in territorially defined societies and as it is theorized by political thinkers. This is not a mere terminological investigation, of course: Exploring the meaning of the term in its original context involves a discussion of all three questions listed above: What is “civil society”? Who are its members? How is their role conceptualized in political theory and what is the nature of their relationship with the political authority? Why is their involvement in social and/or political life considered valuable for social ordering?
After clarifying the elements of the original definition, the paper evaluates the prospects of ‘globalizing’ civil society, by comparing the components of the theorized ‘civil society’ in domestic settings to the global conditions and realities. The paper will aim to show that while many of the insights provided by the domestic debate around the of notion ‘civil society’ can prove useful in re-conceptualizing the international system, one has to be mindful of the risks of drawing mistaken analogies between fundamentally distinct systems of governance.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 25 words || 
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3. Covington, Jesse. "The Problem of Mixed Motives: Towards Clarity in First Amendment Jurisprudence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-07-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p86182_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper critically assesses judicial treatment of Establishment Clause cases in which there appear to be both religious and secular reasons for a given policy.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Words: 36 words || 
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4. Camyar, Isa. "Institutions, Clarity of Accountability, and the Elite-Public Gap in Policy Preference" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-07-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p267065_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: I explore the institutional basis of the elite-public gap in policy preference. I hypothesize that the gap is shaped by institutional settings structuring elites-public relations. The hypothesis is tested in the context of the European Union.

2015 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 124 words || 
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5. Extermann, Gregoire. "Decorum, Clarity, and Solemnity: Cordier's Michelangelo" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany, <Not Available>. 2019-07-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p750872_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The Lorenese sculptor Nicolas Cordier (1567-1612) was among the firsts to revitalize Michelangelo’s legacy in Rome, after the highly experimental lesson of Guglielmo Della Porta (1510-1577). According to the rules of the Counter Reformation, the interpretation of Buonarroti’s style and authority has been shaped by Cordier with a new sense of decorum, clarity, and solemnity. In his most representative work, the four marble figures of the Pauline chapel, Cordier blends a Michelangelesque grandiose idiom with some more eccentric Mannerist elements. The paper will focus on this colossal marble Aeropagus, and particularly on the figure of David, which shows connections with statues of contemporary condottieri, as Alessandro Farnese and Marcantonio Colonna, and, in its normative interpretation, leads the way to the European classical Seicento sculpture.

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