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2009 - NCA 95th Annual Convention Words: 266 words || 
1. Billman, Brett. "Uploading Masculinities: YouTube and the Power of the Clip" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 95th Annual Convention, Chicago Hilton & Towers, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: YouTube represents a unique space for communication scholars to investigate how masculinities are produced textually, corporeally, and discursively. YouTube is a space where individual users and groups can interact, learn, and affect information and culture through the creation of: profiles, social networks, mash-up videos, and video blogs (vlogs). Along with social networking sites, YouTube belongs to a wave of technology called Web 2.0—web space based on social software where users generate content, rather, than simply consume it. Web 2.0 technologies have transformed the Internet into what Jenkins (2006) has termed a “participatory culture,” or a culture where consumers become active participants in the production and circulation of content. The power of participation is in the ability for everyday users to amend and expand texts, then feed them back to the mainstream media creating a greater diversity of perspectives. In this paper, I focus specifically on how YouTube participants produce and perform masculinities. Through cyberethnography, I will critically investigate the textual, corporeal, and discursive performances of masculinities by YouTube vloggers. I will then demonstrate how vloggers become embodied in a digitally mediated space, through a process of enfleshment. The process of enfleshment reveals that the produced self materializes textually through editing, adapting, and recirculating identity performances, which are rooted in both the corporeal and discursive. The articulation of enfleshment will offer scholars a new lens in which to view the relationships between the body, the self, and culture in cyberspace. It is my contention that investigating the properties of the digitally produced self will expose fissures in hegemonic power structures that can provide a space for change.

2015 - Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 95 words || 
2. Velásquez, Omar. and González, Sara. "Video clip, Social Media y Principios de Oportunidad" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: El Paper propuesto, se presenta con el objetivo de proponer la discusión sobre los atributos y los alcances del video clip como un fenómeno de construcción de identidades culturales, tomando como base, el proyecto investigativo El video clip como dispositivo pionero de la convergencia y fenómeno prospectivo comunicacional. En tal sentido serán valorados el contexto histórico del fenómeno, sus irrupciones notables, y las distintas formas de apropiación que de él permiten su derivación hacia sus posibilidades de uso, en contextos distintos al de su hábitat natural comercial, como los corporativos de políticas gubernamentales e institucionales.

2013 - International Communication Association Words: 250 words || 
3. Eden, Allison., Hartmann, Tilo., Oliver, Mary. and Mares, Marie-Louise. ""Elevation!": Examining the Determinants of Users' Elevation Responses to Short Film Clips" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Viewing exemplary moral behavior elicits an emotion known as “elevation” (Haidt, 2003), which may lead to greater pro-social intentions (Algoe & Haidt, 2009). However, response to moral issues may vary based on the content domain of the behavior, and the salience of specific domains to viewers (Haidt & Joseph, 2007). Two experiments testing the effect of domain salience on elevation follow. Study 1 compared viewing morally excellent behavior in the “care” domain with a non-moral clip. Viewing the “care” clip led to greater elevation, with a significant indirect effect on pro-social intentions. Moderated mediation analyses showed the conditional indirect effect of the “care” clip on pro-social intentions was moderated by the salience of “care” to viewers. In study 2, we replicate this effect comparing “care” to the “purity” domain. Both the clips affected pro-social intentions indirectly via elevation, but only the salience of “care” significantly moderated the indirect effect.

Algoe, S., Haidt, J., (2009). Witnessing Excellence in Action: The other-praising emotions of elevation, admiration, and gratitude. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 105-127

Haidt, J. (2003). Elevation and the positive psychology of morality. In C. L. M. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.) Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well-lived. Washington DC : American Psychological Association. (pp. 275-289).

Haidt, J., & Joseph, C. (2007). The moral mind: How 5 sets of innate moral intuitions guide the development of many culture-specific virtues, and perhaps even modules. In P. Carruthers, S. Laurence, and S. Stich (Eds.) The Innate Mind, Vol. 3. New York: Oxford, pp. 367-391.

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
4. Li, Benjamin., Bailenson, Jeremy., Pines, Adam., Greenleaf, Walter. and Williams, Leanne. "Introducing a Database of Immersive VR clips with Corresponding Ratings of Arousal/Valence, and Exploring Correlations between Head Movements and Affective Ratings" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, May 22, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a methodological tool to study the basic science of psychology and other fields. One key advantage of VR is that sharing of virtual content can lead to more robust replication and representative sampling. A database of standardized content will help fulfill this vision. There are two objectives to this study. First, we seek to establish and allow public access to a database of immersive VR clips that can act as a potential resource for studies on emotion induction using virtual reality. Second, given the large sample size of participants needed to get reliable valence and arousal ratings for our video, we were able to explore the possible links between the head movements of the observer and the emotions he feels while viewing immersive VR. To accomplish our goals, we sourced for and tested 73 immersive VR clips which participants rated on valence and arousal dimensions using self-assessment manikins. We also tracked participants’ rotational head movements as they watched the clips, allowing us to correlate head movements and affect. Based on past research, we predicted relationships between the standard deviation of head yaw and valence and arousal ratings. Results showed that the stimuli varied reasonably well along the dimensions of valence and arousal, with a slight underrepresentation of clips that are of negative valence and highly arousing. The standard deviation of yaw positively correlated with valence, while a significant positive relationship was found between head pitch and arousal.

2008 - NCA 94th Annual Convention Words: 445 words || 
5. Vincent, Christy. "Using Film Clips to Teach Conflict Management Principles" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: Training Objectives:

• Participants will articulate the ways in which physical violence or altercation is an underlying current in most conflict episodes, even among educated, “civilized” people.
• Participants will explore the ways in which a threat can escalate or deescalate a conflict.
• Participants will recognize “turning points” in conflict episodes.
• Participants will discover the ways in which negotiation between conflict parties requires more skill, perspective taking, and courage than other conflict resolution methods using third parties to help resolve the conflict.
• Participants will distinguish between negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and a court of law as conflict resolution methods.
The film clip I use to help meet these objectives is the Harvard Bar scene in Good Will Hunting, starring Matt Damon and Ben Affleck. I use this film clip at the beginning of an extended training session on developing conflict competence. I typically point participants to the page in their materials containing the synopsis of the movie and introduction of the movie clip. (See Exhibit A.) I give a bit of an introduction to the clip referring to the printed synopsis. Then, without much additional explanation, I show the clip. Right after the film clip, I ask them to work with one person sitting beside them to answer the questions on the pages following the synopsis. (See Exhibit B). After they have had an opportunity to complete the questions in pairs, we regroup and discuss the answers as a group. This training tactic gets the participants immediately immersed in the subject matter of the day. It serves as a great attention getter. It sets the stage for the interactive paired sharing and small group work that is scheduled for the remaining segments of the workshop. Finally, it generates discussion in the large group as the participants give their answers to the questions

My experience has been that having specific questions for the participants to consider after viewing a film clip helps them to process the film clip and encourages them to think about the “So what?” aspects of the exercise. When they have discussed the answers with another person, they are more willing to speak up in the larger group session. While using film clips is not a novel training technique, I have found that this particular clip and this method have worked very well to introduce a workshop on conflict management and to meet the learning objectives listed at the top of the page. This exercise, including the film clip (about 7 minutes), the paired sharing, and the large group discussion, takes approximately 30 minutes. Note: The film clip has a few curse words throughout. I was able to hire a technician to edit the curse words from the clip.

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