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2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Words: 200 words || 
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1. Kim, Hunjoon. and Geoff Dancy, Geoff. "Truth Commission Database Project: What is a Truth Commission and How Can We Understand it?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p252549_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Interest in cross-national comparison of transitional justice mechanisms has grown recently, as has the study of truth commissions specifically. However, like in many emerging areas of research, progress has been hampered by a lack of consensus as to what constitutes the universe of cases. In addition, no comprehensive database exists which carefully examines and measure the various important and intriguing aspects of truth commissions. To address these problems, this paper introduces the most comprehensive truth commission database we know to be in existence. First, we describe the process of collecting information on truth commission cases and outline our logic in determining what cases to include in the database. Then, we briefly discuss the attributes of truth commission cases included in the database and explain our reasoning regarding their inclusion. In this part, we will also examine a couple of lesser known truth commission cases – e.g. South Korea, Tajikistan, and Fiji. Finally, we discuss the various important aspects of a truth commission that would be relevant to future research – i.e. duration of a commission, temporal and geographic mandate, privileges and limitation, personnel composition and budget of a commission, final reports, and policy recommendations – and introduce a complete database.

2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Whitlinger, Claire. "How Civil Society-based Truth Commissions Emerge: The Case of the Mississippi Truth Commission" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, Aug 17, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1118212_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using Event Structure Analysis, I examine how the Mississippi Truth Commission emerged in 2005 despite previous failed attempts. This paper argues that the truth commission emerged as a result of the convergence of local and global developments. By 2004 the global norm of “truth-telling” was firmly established, as was an international network of practitioners poised to support local truth-telling efforts. For a truth commission to emerge in Mississippi, however, the local environment had to be primed. The 40th anniversary commemoration of the “Mississippi Burning” murders and subsequent trial of Edgar Ray Killen, the mastermind behind the murders, helped shift opportunity structures across the state and mobilize local mnemonic entrepreneurs who would ultimately bring the Mississippi Truth Commission to fruition—at least to a point.

2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Words: 700 words || 
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3. Hodgson, Kaylee., Romeri-Lewis, Natalie. and Riley, Eliza. "Women as Leaders on Truth Commissions: Advice for Future Truth Commissions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 31, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1258630_index.html>
Publication Type: iPoster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Truth commissions are becoming an increasingly prominent method countries use to transition toward historical memory and justice after conflict. While truth commissions expose important human rights violations and their causes and consequences, concerns remain about how representative, gender-sensitive, and effective these commissions are. As community leaders, women can legitimize peace agreements; as statement-makers and commissioners, they can legitimize justice systems in the eyes of the community. However, the literature finds that truth commissions fail to fully include women (Rubio-MaRín, 2006; Andrews 2015). The effectiveness of these commissions may at least partially rely on involving women in the process, but this solution has not yet been quantifiably shown. Academics and professionals have called for quantitative studies to better explain the effectiveness of truth commissions (Brahm, 2007; Reiter and Brahm, 2016). Scholars believe that solid quantitative evidence would help prevent policy decisions during and following truth commissions from being made based solely on tradition or opinion (Van der Merwe, Baxter, and Chapman, 2009). If countries had access to quantitative evidence that women's leadership and other participation enhanced commission effectiveness, would they more willingly include women?

Methods and Results:
We predict that the level of women’s involvement in the truth commission improves the implementation of the commission’s recommendations at both the five and ten year mark, generally when follow-up reports occur. As such, this study will evaluate the involvement of women in the preparatory phase and in the actual execution of all 33 past truth commissions. We will quantify women’s level of involvement (e.g. as commissioners, technical advisers, statement-makers) and the implementation of specific recommendations (e.g. financial restitution, legal redress, and social services) (ICTJ, 2016). Atypical and typical reparations, for example, include community centers, cash transfers, surgeries, and skills and jobs training, while other recommendations include changes of laws, prosecutions, awareness campaigns and education initiatives, therapy for victims, public displays of honor or ceremonies, and removal of individuals or groups of people from public office. We will then run a multivariate regression using interaction terms to determine whether the level of women’s involvement in these two phases of the truth commission determines the success of implementation in the following years.

Through this project, we hope to provide an important literature contribution by demonstrating the quantitative significance of involving women in the preparatory work and execution of truth commissions. We also hope to make a significant policy contribution to the field. Understanding the best practices of past truth commissions is imperative to successful implementation of just practices in future truth commissions. As Colombia anticipates a future truth commission, we hope to convince truth commission-designers of the importance of including women in all phases of the work, and we will collaborate with a private research team in Colombia to make policy recommendations. In addition to the current collaboration with Colombia, our research findings can also be applied to all countries transitioning toward justice and equality. This paper will provide evidence regarding the most important ways to include women, thereby providing incentives for countries to actively involve women throughout the process.

If sufficient quantifiable data required to make the analysis is not found, this study still makes an important contribution. As one of the first to attempt to quantify data regarding women and truth commissions, insufficient data will lead to important recommendations for countries to release the necessary information to conduct a quantitative study in the future. If, for example, not enough countries have released their official victims registries, list of reparation awardees, and/or list of individuals to be prosecuted or vetted, the study will not be able to evaluate the commissioners' specific recommendations. This paper would then recommend that countries make these records public so that future evaluations could be conducted.

As legitimate actors in the transitional justice process, whether women are involved and whether they get redress is a legitimate way to study long-term effectiveness of truth commissions. Beyond truth, post-conflict governments should also prioritize as legitimate outcomes those of justice, healing, and empowerment. Thus, governments entering the transitional justice period need to perceive women as legitimate leaders with which to staff truth commissions, legitimate victims to target for statement-taking and reparations, and legitimate stakeholders in the long-term effectiveness of a truth commission.

2014 - Southern Political Science Association Words: 164 words || 
Info
4. Ostrander, Ian. and Madonna, Anthony. "Decommissioned Commissions: Holdover Capacity, Confirmation Dynamics and Independent Regulatory Commissions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, The Hyatt Regency New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, Jan 09, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p698823_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: On January 25, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued an expansive decision in Noel Canning v. NLRB restricting the President's ability to use recess appointments to bypass the traditional Senate confirmation process. Critiques asserted that the majority's decision would further damage an already fractured appointment process. The Court's decision asserted that if Congress wished to better address vacancies in executive agencies, they should provide for longer holdover provisions for board members. In this article, we examine holdover provisions and the confirmation process in greater detail, looking specifically at three questions: How common is it for members to serve in holdover capacity? How do members serving in holdover capacity influence overall board vacancy lengths? And finally, how do they influence the confirmation process? Our evidence suggests that holdover provisions help mitigate short-term problems stemming from staffing independent regulatory boards -- especially given the severe collection action problems that plague the U.S. Senate.

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