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2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Guan, Mengfei., Coles, Valerie., Samp, Jennifer., Sales, Jessica., DiClemente, Ralph. and Monahan, Jennifer. "Let’s Talk About Condoms: Incorporating Communication Into the Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Condom Use Among African American Women" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, Jun 09, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1106902_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The present research extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to investigate how communication-related variables influence condom use intention and behavior among African American women. According to the TPB, attitudes, subjective norms and self-efficacy predict behavioral intent, which predicts behavior. For women, we argued that condom negotiation self-efficacy was more important than condom use self-efficacy. Second, fears associated with negotiating condom use were predicted to be negatively associated with attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy. African American women (N = 560; M age = 20.58) completed assessments of TPB variables at baseline and then condom use three months later. Condom negotiation self-efficacy was a significant predictor of behavioral intent while condom use self-efficacy was not. Fear of condom negotiation was negatively associated with all TPB components, which in turn significantly predicted behavioral intent and condom use. Implications for safer sex literature and STI/HIV prevention intervention design are discussed.

Keywords: TPB, condom use, condom negotiation self-efficacy, fear of condom negotiation, African American women

2010 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 6587 words || 
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2. Barr, Ashley. "Pregnancy History, Social Images, and (Lack of) Condom Use Among African American Adolescents and Young Adults" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 13, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409157_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a sample of African American adolescents and young adults, the present study assesses the relationship between pregnancy history and risky sexual behavior, particularly lack of condom use during sex. Changes in the desirability of pregnancy, use of the birth control pill, and protypical perceptions of pregnant peers are assessed for their potentially mediating roles. Results suggest that perceptions of pregnant peers as well as perceptions of the self in relation to those peers change as a function of pregnancy history. Further, these changes in social images mediate much of the relationship between birth and one’s engagement in unprotected sex, while the previously proposed mediators of the desirability of a second pregnancy and use of the pill fail to mediate this relationship. Both the direct effect of pregnancy history on condom use behavior and the role of social images in mediating this relationship differ by respondent gender.

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