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2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Words: 187 words || 
1. Janisch, Roy. "Controlling Cultural Content and Perceptions of Safety on the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Reservation in South Dakota: Social Control Imperatives of Community Control" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Community policing is a political philosophy in which the police and police department are seen as members of the community, with police officers being part of where they live and work. Cities and counties that subscribe to this philosophy tend to do much more community work than traditional police departments. The basic idea is to create bonds of trust and reliance between police and the public.
This new policing paradigm tells police to develop skills in planning, problem solving, organization, interpersonal communications, and perhaps most importantly critical thinking. At the heart of the police transition to community policing is the question: "How do the police identify and deliver high-quality services to the community?" Historically, police services have been reactive and unscientific with attention given to proactive policing.
The efficient delivery of police services requires a systematic process to assess the needs of the public and translate those needs into police services and programs for delivery to the community. This project examines one community; the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate in South Dakota, and analyzes the links between federal, state, tribal, and county political processes, which impact the beginnings of this philosophy.

2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Words: 325 words || 
2. Hefner, Dorothee., Sowka, Alexandra. and Possler, Daniel. "To Control or Not to Control – That is the Question: The Influence of Time Spent With Mobile Phones and Perceived Control Over Usage on Well-Being" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: No other group besides adolescents is using the mobile phone in such an intensive manner. One reason is that nowadays’ youth grew up with mobile phone and the (mobile) Internet. Moreover, this specific developmental stage is characterized by a strong need to belong to peers and a need for orientation. Both can be fulfilled by means of individual and group communication that also is the most important function of smartphones next to listening to music and watching videos (Ling & Bertel, 2013).
While adolescents mostly see chances and advantages in the use of mobile phones, parents and educators also fear negative outcomes of the “always-on”-mentality of youth, among those digital stress, decreases in school achievements, and an attenuation of life satisfaction.
Against this background, we investigated adolescents’ usage patterns of their mobile phones and several dimensions of well-being that could be negatively affected by an intensive use. N = 1.486 German adolescents aged between 13 and 16 were asked to fill out a questionnaire in the school context. The questionnaire assessed their usage of the mobile phone, several personality traits such as self-control or the need to belong and dimensions of well-being such as stress level, academic performance, and overall satisfaction with life.
Results show that the amount of time spent with the smartphone correlates with stress (+), grades in school (-) and satisfaction with life (-). However, when "loss of control of smartphone usage" is integrated as a mediator, we see that it is not the sheer amount of time spent with the smartphone but rather the perceived loss of control that leads to the negative effects.
We want to discuss these results together with the audience and in synopsis with the results of the other study that is presented in the panel. One matter for discussion is the question, if there is a necessity for a “mobile phone literacy” curriculum for children and adolescents and how it could be designed and implemented in school.

2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 145 words || 
3. Lafleur, Ryan. "Testing an Integrated Control Theory of Prisoner Reentry: Self-Control, Social Control, and Recidivism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 17, 2015 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Previous research indicates that self-control and social control are important predictors of recidivism during the reentry process (Malouf et al. 2014; Berg and Huebner 2011; Longshore et al. 2005). This study assesses whether an integrated model containing both constructs can provide criminologists with a stronger understanding of the dynamics influencing successful reentry. Using data from Waves 3 and 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (‘Add Health’), the current study will examine the longitudinal effects of self-control and social control on post-release recidivism among a subsample of released offenders. It is hypothesized that offenders’ levels of self-control at release will affect reoffending and the development of social bonds, and conversely that offenders’ social bonds at release will affect reoffending and their levels of self-control. The results of this study and the implications of developing theoretically-informed reentry practices will also be discussed.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 205 words || 
4. Arneklev, Bruce. "Self-Control Capacity, the Desire to Control “Low Self-Control”, and Crime/Deviance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 16, 2016 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Previous research suggests that the desire to control low-self-control should be considered an independent predictor of criminal and analogous behavior beyond the effect of self-control capacity (e.g. Tittle, Ward & Grasmick, 2004). This argument challenges Gottfredson and Hirschi’s (1990, p. 232) general theory of crime, which states that self-control capacity is “the” individual cause of crime/deviance. A weakness of earlier studies is that they use indirect indicators to measure the desire to control low self-control. In this research, a direct indicator for such “desire” is operationalized. Unlike previous research, it is hypothesized that the direct measure will not significantly predict a crime/deviance index beyond the effect of self-control capacity. This hypothesis is supported. Respondents’ desire to control low self-control measured at present does not significantly predict the crime/deviance index (which includes questions about involvement in crime/deviance at earlier time points). Also, as expected (and unlike earlier research), the direct indicator is found to be insignificantly associated with self-control capacity, which supports that the desire to control low self-control may be a separate independent causal agent. Both the theoretical causal model used in previous research and the potential importance of the desire to control low self-control for criminological theory are discussed.

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