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Showing 1 through 5 of 841 records.
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2004 - Western Political Science Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 4359 words || 
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1. Ahlquist, John., Chiang, Yen-Sheng. and Kitts, James A.. "Convergence, Correlation, Polarization and Parties: A model of ideological diffusion and correlation in closed systems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Marriott Hotel, Portland, Oregon, Mar 11, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-07-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p88015_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Why do policy positions become correlated across issues? How does this correlation evolve over time? The formation and diffusion of ideological preferences in populations is a critical but under-theorized part of the answer. Using tools and concepts from sociology, psychology, and political science this paper investigates emergent, system-level characteristics given a set of formal, micro-level postulates about preference change. Axelrod's (1997) agent-based simulation model of cultural diffusion is our point of departure. Axelrod uses "traits" to represent preferences and “cultural similarity” to determine the likelihood that two agents will interact, given that they have been paired together by some rule external to themselves. Agents are unable to interact if they do not exactly share at least one "trait". We relax these assumptions by developing a measure of "ideological similarity" that governs each agent's selection of interaction partners, thereby endogenizing partner selection to the agent and making previously impossible interactions possible. We examine the system's correlation, consolidation, and clustering (Latané 2000) over time and find Axelrod’s model to be a special case of a more general family of connected network models of influence. We use the results of the initial simulations to identify necessary future modifications. Incorporating non-linear social influence functions will be key to understanding the emergence and persistence of ideological heterogeneity.

2007 - American Political Science Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 8398 words || 
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2. Fox, Jonathan. "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-07-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p210527_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines whether states follow the constitution clauses on their religion in 149 states. Specifically it measures the presence of (1) separation of religion and state clauses (2) clauses banning religious discrimination or protecting religious freedom and (3) clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion. The presence of these clauses is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a limited impact of constitutional clauses on government behavior. Religious freedom clauses are associated with lower levels of religious discrimination in the bivariate analysis but this result does not hold up in the multi-variate analysis and most states with such clauses engage in at least some religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 14 pages || Words: 6498 words || 
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3. Shin, Eui-Hang. "Correlates of the 2002 Presidential Election in South Korea:Regionalism, the Generation Gap, Anti-Americanism, and the North Korea Factor" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-07-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p108564_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper documents the candidate nomination processes of major political parties through primaries, compares the campaign platforms of major candidates, and investigates the factors that determined the election outcomes. I will focus on comparisons of the patterns of voting behavior in the 2002 election with those of the two previous presidential elections of 1992 and 1997. Special attention will be given to examining whether or nor the effects of regionalism on the election results have changed over the past three presidential elections.

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 9 pages || Words: 2066 words || 
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4. Small, La Fleur. "Correlates of Health Care Utilization among Substance Abusers: Using Gelberg and Andersen’s Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-07-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p105418_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study seeks to test the Gelberg and Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations and determine what covariates are associated with the receipt of substance abuse treatment, among substance abusers.

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 7903 words || 
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5. Lynch, Jamie. and Carlson, Daniel. "Behavior and the Attitudinal Correlates of Within-Sex Gender Variation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-07-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p182599_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The notion that sex (biological) and gender (social) exist as linked, yet distinct, aspects of an individual’s identity is a well developed component of social science research. On the one hand, a person’s biological sex is an ascribed characteristic, and a dichotomous one at that, with individual’s being either male or female (although this is not universal). Gender identities on the other hand are socially constructed statuses which are molded via cultural prescriptions of appropriate sex behavior and reinforced through the structural opportunities and restrictions imposed on the sexes. If gendered behavior correlates perfectly with sex it would reasonably treat sex and gender synonymously. Nevertheless, these two terms – sex and gender – are used quite interchangeably throughout social science literature. If they are not perfectly correlated, which many argue they are not, than it is important for researchers to distinguish between the two when making claims about their influence on individual outcomes.

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