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2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 44 pages || Words: 13080 words || 
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1. Claessens, Stijn., Underhill, Geoffrey. and Zhang, Xiaoke. "Basle II Capital Requirements and Developing Countries: a Political Economy Perspective on the Costs for Poor Countries of Rich Country Policies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-03-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73420_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The 1990s financial crises have triggered changes to the international financial system, the so-called international financial architecture. While much affected, developing countries have had very little influence on the changes, which the formulation of the new Basle capital accord (Basle II, B-II) illustrates. We show that B-II has largely been formulated to advance the interests of powerful market players, at the expense of those of developing economies. For these countries, B-II can raise the costs of and reduce the access to external financing. Importantly, B-II can exacerbate fluctuations in the availability of external financing, an unfortunate outcome, given that developing countries already suffer from volatile capital flows.

2014 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: unavailable || Words: 7249 words || 
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2. Wu, Linwan. and JU, ILYOUNG. "The Cognitive and Affective Effects of Country-of-Origin: How Consumers Process Country-of-Assembly and Country-of-Design for High and Low Involvement Products" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Le Centre Sheraton, Montreal, Canada, Aug 06, 2014 Online <PDF>. 2019-03-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p744834_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A study was conducted to investigate how COA and COD information is processed by consumers for high and low involvement products. Results indicated that COA was more likely to be processed cognitively, while COD tended to be processed affectively. For high involvement products, the only presentation of COD with a positive image elicited the most favorable affective product evaluation. For low involvement products, no difference of cognitive product evaluation was detected.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 218 words || 
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3. Oh, Jeongmin. and Lee, Daewoong. "Can developing countries expect the effects of E-Government on anti-corruption? Panel Analysis between developing countries and OECD" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 04, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-03-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1328985_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As corruption has been recognized as a major factor blocking growth in developing countries, governments globally have implemented E-Government for anti-corruption, seeking to increase transparency by publishing more open data. Efforts are also being made to benchmark E-government systems in developed countries to assess their effects on transparent administration and effective public policy. While E-government has been lauded by many as an effective tool to curb corruption, limited attention has been paid to empirically examining the success or failure of E-Government on Anti-corruption. The research that has been done is limited by methodological challenges, including its reliance on individual case studies, lack of pre-post research design, and absence of cross-sectional or longitudinal analyses.
Thus, this article seeks to contribute to the literature on E-government and corruption by employing panel data, specifically the 2003-2010 UN E-government Survey and the Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). We firstly analyze the effect of E-government globally, and then explore the different patterns of the effect of E-government between developing countries and OECD members. The findings suggest that developing countries are unlikely to have same effects of E-Government on anti-corruption as the OECD without active civic engagement in policy process using the E-Government infrastructures. In this regard, this research is expected to have not only methodological but theoretical contributions to public policy academia.

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 805 words || 
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4. White, Candace. "The Building Blocks of Country Reputation: How Corporate Communication Helps Brand Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-03-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p711180_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Country reputation is a collective judgment based on perceptions of a variety of factors including foreign policy, people and culture, economic strength, brands and products (Anholt, 2007). Twenty-first century public diplomacy includes multi-directional strategic communication from multiple sources including non-state actors such as NGOs and private-sector corporations. It relies not only on government-sponsored cultural and informational programs, but also on citizen exchanges, media, and corporate communications. Most importantly, receivers of messages may not differentiate whether their perceptions about a country come from official government sources or from international public relations.

The government-to-people model of public diplomacy does not accurately reflect the rapid changes in the global environment. International corporations spend more on communication than do many countries. Businesses have vast soft power resources, expertise in consumer research about international audiences, as well as global worldviews that can be advantageous to public diplomacy and the understanding of the overall constitution of country reputation (Reinhard, 2009).

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 7795 words || 
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5. Chen, Huailin. "Does the Gold Medal Really Matter for Every Country?: A Panel Study on the Foreign Countries’ Image Among Chinese Audience After Beijing and London Olympics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, May 21, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-03-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p715037_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Abstract
Based on data from a cross-year panel survey, and the 2008 & 2012 Olympic medal index, this study largely confirmed the conclusions from 1st phase of this project that overall performance of a country in the Olympic Games was positively correlated with both its current and comparative scores of national image in the minds of Chinese audiences. However, an increase in the number of medals collected during the two Olympics by economically lower-tier countries was not correlated to the rise of their national image. Knowing of foreign countries and relevant media issue may also play a significant role of image construction.
With the theoretical perspectives of agenda setting and cultivation analysis as a guide, the current project intends to test whether the highly publicized Olympic Games have the effect of promoting national images, as politicians and governments claim they do. Here, national image is operationally defined with three indicators: a country’s athletic ability, its general strength, and favorable feeling toward the country. The study also tries to identify a logical path and the relative size of influence between these three indicators.
A probability sample of 803 subjects in Shanghai and Guangzhou, China, were interviewed face-to-face in after 2008 Beijing Olympic and 289 of them were successfully interviewed again after 2012 London Olympic. In both survey, subjects were asked to score 18 representative countries on the aforementioned three national image indicators. In addition, for each of these 18 countries, the medal totals in both the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games were collected and standardized into the Olympic Medal Index scores.

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