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2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 44 pages || Words: 13080 words || 
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1. Claessens, Stijn., Underhill, Geoffrey. and Zhang, Xiaoke. "Basle II Capital Requirements and Developing Countries: a Political Economy Perspective on the Costs for Poor Countries of Rich Country Policies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-07-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73420_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The 1990s financial crises have triggered changes to the international financial system, the so-called international financial architecture. While much affected, developing countries have had very little influence on the changes, which the formulation of the new Basle capital accord (Basle II, B-II) illustrates. We show that B-II has largely been formulated to advance the interests of powerful market players, at the expense of those of developing economies. For these countries, B-II can raise the costs of and reduce the access to external financing. Importantly, B-II can exacerbate fluctuations in the availability of external financing, an unfortunate outcome, given that developing countries already suffer from volatile capital flows.

2014 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: unavailable || Words: 7249 words || 
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2. Wu, Linwan. and JU, ILYOUNG. "The Cognitive and Affective Effects of Country-of-Origin: How Consumers Process Country-of-Assembly and Country-of-Design for High and Low Involvement Products" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Le Centre Sheraton, Montreal, Canada, Aug 06, 2014 Online <PDF>. 2019-07-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p744834_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A study was conducted to investigate how COA and COD information is processed by consumers for high and low involvement products. Results indicated that COA was more likely to be processed cognitively, while COD tended to be processed affectively. For high involvement products, the only presentation of COD with a positive image elicited the most favorable affective product evaluation. For low involvement products, no difference of cognitive product evaluation was detected.

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 7795 words || 
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3. Chen, Huailin. "Does the Gold Medal Really Matter for Every Country?: A Panel Study on the Foreign Countries’ Image Among Chinese Audience After Beijing and London Olympics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, May 21, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-07-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p715037_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Abstract
Based on data from a cross-year panel survey, and the 2008 & 2012 Olympic medal index, this study largely confirmed the conclusions from 1st phase of this project that overall performance of a country in the Olympic Games was positively correlated with both its current and comparative scores of national image in the minds of Chinese audiences. However, an increase in the number of medals collected during the two Olympics by economically lower-tier countries was not correlated to the rise of their national image. Knowing of foreign countries and relevant media issue may also play a significant role of image construction.
With the theoretical perspectives of agenda setting and cultivation analysis as a guide, the current project intends to test whether the highly publicized Olympic Games have the effect of promoting national images, as politicians and governments claim they do. Here, national image is operationally defined with three indicators: a country’s athletic ability, its general strength, and favorable feeling toward the country. The study also tries to identify a logical path and the relative size of influence between these three indicators.
A probability sample of 803 subjects in Shanghai and Guangzhou, China, were interviewed face-to-face in after 2008 Beijing Olympic and 289 of them were successfully interviewed again after 2012 London Olympic. In both survey, subjects were asked to score 18 representative countries on the aforementioned three national image indicators. In addition, for each of these 18 countries, the medal totals in both the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games were collected and standardized into the Olympic Medal Index scores.

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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4. Ingenhoff, Diana. and Richner, Dominique. "Analyzing the Polyphony of Voices: Value Drivers of the Country Image in Western European and BRICS Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, May 22, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-07-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1366966_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For public diplomacy, it is essential to thoroughly analyze the country images and develop coherent communication strategies to shape a positive country image abroad. Our study aims at analyzing the value-drivers of the different country image dimensions and investigating country groups with similar attitudes towards a country. In a representative survey study, we apply the recently validated 5-dimensional measurement scale of country images for the first time with PLS-SEM to eight countries. We conduct cluster analysis, resulting in a Western European cluster (Germany, Italy, France, Great Britain) and a BR(I)CS cluster (Brazil, Russia, China, South Africa). Based on news values theory and social psychological assumptions on stereotypes, we empirically tested and approved our hypothesis that in countries which are distant to the target country the cultural and natural country image dimension plays a vital role. Finally, we discuss potential benefits for public diplomacy when addressing country clusters with communication programs.

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