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2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 44 pages || Words: 13080 words || 
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1. Claessens, Stijn., Underhill, Geoffrey. and Zhang, Xiaoke. "Basle II Capital Requirements and Developing Countries: a Political Economy Perspective on the Costs for Poor Countries of Rich Country Policies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73420_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The 1990s financial crises have triggered changes to the international financial system, the so-called international financial architecture. While much affected, developing countries have had very little influence on the changes, which the formulation of the new Basle capital accord (Basle II, B-II) illustrates. We show that B-II has largely been formulated to advance the interests of powerful market players, at the expense of those of developing economies. For these countries, B-II can raise the costs of and reduce the access to external financing. Importantly, B-II can exacerbate fluctuations in the availability of external financing, an unfortunate outcome, given that developing countries already suffer from volatile capital flows.

2014 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: unavailable || Words: 7249 words || 
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2. Wu, Linwan. and JU, ILYOUNG. "The Cognitive and Affective Effects of Country-of-Origin: How Consumers Process Country-of-Assembly and Country-of-Design for High and Low Involvement Products" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Le Centre Sheraton, Montreal, Canada, Aug 06, 2014 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p744834_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A study was conducted to investigate how COA and COD information is processed by consumers for high and low involvement products. Results indicated that COA was more likely to be processed cognitively, while COD tended to be processed affectively. For high involvement products, the only presentation of COD with a positive image elicited the most favorable affective product evaluation. For low involvement products, no difference of cognitive product evaluation was detected.

2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 249 words || 
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3. Deutsch, Katrina. and Freund, Sean. "English as a Foreign Language (EFL) standards in developing countries: A survey of twelve countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493183_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: WorldTeach is a non-profit organization that partners with ministries of education to fill teacher shortage gaps, mainly in the field of English language instruction, through placing volunteer teachers in the field. In order to offer comprehensive teaching resources to volunteers, WorldTeach requests national standards and curricula from the ministries of each country in which we serve, in order to create manuals that offer the scope and sequence that most country curricula lack. These manuals act as guides for teachers in how to implement the national curricula in the classroom, introducing a five-step lesson plan and measurable assessment tools for teachers.

This paper identifies and analyzes common gaps and weaknesses among English teaching standards in 12 countries: Colombia, Namibia, Costa Rica, Thailand, China, Chile, Panama, Tanzania, Namibia, Ecuador, The Marshall Islands, and Micronesia. These gaps include, but are not limited to, a lack of grammar points throughout units and standards, high expectations for beginner English learners, and requiring materials such as textbooks in countries where these resources are not readily available. The paper concludes with recommendations on how to improve these standards and curricula based on the work we have done at WorldTeach in order to create comprehensive materials based on these national curricula, as well as how to monitor teachers using these materials in the classroom. The findings of this paper are pertinent for both ministries of education hoping to strengthen their English as foreign language classes, as well as English as Foreign Language instructors and teachers around the world.

2009 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: 37 pages || Words: 10416 words || 
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4. Chang, Byeng-Hee., Lee, Yang-Hwan., Nam, Sang-Hyun. and Kim, Bo-Mi. "A Cross-National Comparison of the Effect of Media Products on Country Image: South Korea Images in Six Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Sheraton Boston, Boston, MA, Aug 05, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p376647_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Abstract

Although understanding how media reflect country characteristics and how media affect the formation of individual’s country images are of critical importance, little study has been done so far. This study attempted to verify the effect of media products such as news, TV show, movie, advertising, book, music, Website, game, and mediated sports on shaping individual’s general country image (GCI) and product-specific country image (PCI). We assumed that the degree to which people are exposed to these media products positively affect their image of a given country. Using six countries’ data, causal relationships among media consumptions, GCI and PCI of South Korea, favorable behavioral intention (FBI), and favorable opinion expression (FOE) were examined using path analyses. For the study, six hypotheses and one research questions were suggested. Results showed that media consumption regarding a country was found to affect the formation of image toward the country. Also, the direct relationship between media consumption and favorable behavioral intentions was supported by this study. Second, this study showed that the degree of effect of media was different among media contents. Some contents such as advertisement, book, and music were found to be stronger than TV shows and movies in terms of effect toward country image. This result implies that some media contents should be preferred to the other contents as country image facilitating windows.

2010 - 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 226 words || 
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5. Pong, Suet-Ling., Chiu, Ming Ming. and Mori, Izumi. "Immigrant Students' Sense of Belonging at School in 41 Countries: Country, Family, School, and Student Factors" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p400013_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The need to belong is fundamental, and the degree to which people satisfy this need can substantially affect many aspects of their lives. Although a sense of belonging can apply to a variety of situations, sense of belonging at school (SOBAS) might be particularly salient for immigrant adolescents. Immigrant children have to leave their friends and relatives back home. They may not be able to develop a sense of belonging in a new country. On the other hand, past research has shown that immigrant adolescents perform as well as, if not better than, native students. They are also found to be less likely to engage in risk behaviors, such as drinking, smoking, substance use, and early sex. It is unclear, however, whether immigrant children’s well adjustment to the new school system means that their SOBAS is also high. This paper uses data from the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 to examine these alternative hypotheses regarding immigrant adolescents’ SOBAS. We ask if SOBAS among immigrant adolescents varies across the family, school, and country contexts. Preliminary results suggest that SOBAS is positively associated with students’ socioeconomic background, family involvement and investment, positive school climate, and schoolmates’ characteristics. Further analysis will investigate how a country’s economic development, cultural orientation, and political system account for differences in immigrant students’ SOBAS.

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