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2006 - The Law and Society Association Words: 161 words || 
1. Kubo, Kazuyo. "Creating Families: How States, Adoption Agencies, and Parents Work Together to Create Transnational Adoptive Families in the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Jul 06, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper illustrates how transnational adoptive families in the U.S. in the last twenty years have been created out of the efforts by governmental states, adoption agencies and welfare organizations, and parents. Prospective adoptive parents frequently make an initial choice between domestic adoption and transnational adoption. Those parents who choose transnational adoption must select a country from which they will adopt a child. Therefore, the question this paper answers is as follows: How is prospective adoptive parents’ decision to adopt transnationally influenced by the widespread institutionalization of transnational adoption. Data is drawn from secondary sources such as legal texts on international treaties and conventions, analyzing national conference meetings of adoption welfare agencies, and in-depth interviews with adoption agencies’ staff members and adoptive parents. Based on my analysis, I demonstrate how the “ go-between” role of adoption agencies and adoption laws are intertwined and the influence of that “go-between” role on the decisions made by adoptive parents.

2008 - American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education Words: 58 words || 
2. McClelland, Susan. "Collaborations Created To Redesign Educational Leadership Program and Create The Principal Corps Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Symposium Paper
Abstract: Several private funding sources have assisted the School of Education in redesigning the educational leadership program. These funds have assisted in the creation of partnerships and collaboration among different entities within the educational realm. Also, the partnerships have resulted in the creation of the Principal Corps Model to recruit school leaders into the educational leadership program.

2015 - 59th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 166 words || 
3. Dascomb, Amanda. "Creating Global Citizens: The role of local and global language literacy in creating an inclusive democracy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 59th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Washington Hilton Hotel, Washington D.C., <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Language instruction plays a large role in the creation of a democratic classroom space. Through language, culture is paradoxically expressed and repressed. Looking throughout the world we can find examples of positive, inclusive language instruction and negative examples of hegemonic language practices. Too often we ignore the power that language learning plays in creating an inclusive, democratic individual. As globalization increases cross-cultural interactions, the way that language instruction is viewed needs to keep in touch with this historical shift.

The goal of this paper is to present an ideal model of language instruction that represents the union of the local and the global citizen. This will be accomplished by looking at examples of bilingual schools (Paraguay), monolingual schools that teach languages other than the dominant language for that culture (France, Canada, and Colombia), and our current practice of teaching modern languages in high schools within the United States. The education model that emerges from these case studies is a more unified, emancipatory and democratic system.

2015 - National Women's Studies Association Words: 96 words || 
4. Ratajczak, Kathleen. "Creating Victims, Creating Survivors: The Criminal Justice System’s Influence on Rape Survivors’ Narratives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Women's Studies Association, Wisconsin Center, Milwaukee, WI, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: The criminal justice system requires individuals who have experienced sexual assault to tell a particular kind of narrative. The narratives created and told within this institution maintain the trauma at the center and, if left intact, preserve a harmful victim identity that survivors may be unable to shake. Using interviews with law enforcement, prosecutors, and rape crisis advocates, I examine how these professionals influence the construction of survivors’ rape narratives in the criminal justice system. How these professionals interact with survivors’ not only shapes the stories they will tell, but also their identities and healing journey.

2011 - The Law and Society Association Words: 370 words || 
5. Kubo, Kazuyo. "WORK IN PROGRESS PAPER--ACCEPTED 15--Creating Families: How States, Adoption Agencies, and Parents Work Together to Create Transnational Adoptive Families in the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Westin St. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, CA, May 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Work in Progress Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper investigates the role of the state in family formation through transnational adoption in the United States. In particular, the paper discusses how transnational adoption has been institutionalized, including who and what agencies are involved in the process, to acquire a better understanding of how transnational adoption appeals to many American parents. I will take a multidimensional approach which will unpack perspectives from not only the state but also from adoption agencies and parents. Data is drawn from interviews I conducted with agency staff and parents between 2004 and 2005. Other important data will be taken from my participant observations at the annual conference of the Joint Council of International Children’s Services (JCICS). JCICS is a membership organization that plays a mediatory role for and among member agencies, medical professionals, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, foreign ministries, and the United States Congress to implement successful transnational adoption. I attended JCICS’ 2005 and 2007 annual conferences to investigate the changes in how the state and adoption professionals perceive their roles in the transnational adoption process.
Although the transnational adoption procedure varies depending on which country parents decide to adopt a child from, there are certain entities such as state offices and adoption agencies they have to work with in order to accomplish creating families through transnational adoption. This paper examines how those entities work together in making families through transnational adoption and shows the way this type of family is constructed is through a series of bureaucratic steps among those formal agencies. I accentuate the role of the United States government, the governments of sending countries, international communities, adoption agencies, a national welfare organization for transnational adoption, and the adopting parents as the key actors to examine how such families are created. One very important actor in the process this paper does not cover is biological parents. However, in the case of transnational adoption, after biological parents legally relinquish their child, they do not play a major role in the bureaucratic process of transnational adoption. The paper, therefore, lays out how creating families through transnational adoption is possible by discussing some of the important actors involved in the process.

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