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2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Words: 37 words || 
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1. Kim, Moohong. "Cultural Dimension of Credit Rating: Emergence of Domestic Credit Rating Agencies and Regionalization of Credit Rating in Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p415820_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper explores the cultural dimension of credit rating with special reference to Domestic Credit Rating Agencies (DCRAs) which have been largely neglected in IPE studies despite their prominent emergence and increasing role in emerging markets since

2009 - The Law and Society Association Words: 116 words || 
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2. Robinson, Toni. "Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: How the Tax Credit System Confounds Many Taxpayers and What We Can Do About It" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Grand Hyatt, Denver, Colorado, May 25, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p303765_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The most complicated provisions of the Code apply to all taxpayers, including those of low and moderate incomes. Among those provisions are the credit provisions, some of which provide refundable credits. Taxpayers of low or moderate incomes are the least likely of taxpayers to obtain good advice and help in completing their returns. Yet, after receiving their refunds, they are also the most likely to be audited and to have to return their refunds plus penalties and interest. For many, this begins a process of ever increasing liabilities that can only be settled with the help of tax professionals who can aid in obtaining an offer in compromise or an installment agreement.

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Words: 285 words || 
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3. Hearn, Alison. "Performing Creditability: Online Credit Assessment Intermediaries and the Re-Emergence of Social Credit" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1362764_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: From the earliest years of capitalism, the performance of “creditable” selfhood has been value producing, at the center of the circulation of capital. Within small, local “economies of obligation” (Craig Muldrew’s term), the pursuit of a reputation amongst one’s neighbors for being reliable, trustworthy and morally upright could mean the difference between having credit extended when needed or facing destitution. Arguably, these directly socialized practices of lending and credit assessment determined the very definition of acceptable personal conduct in the first place. While processes for evaluating and assigning “creditworthiness” have long since been standardized, mediated and technologized by a wide variety of financial intermediaries, they continue to demand the assiduous application of reputational labour on the part of individuals in order to constitute legible selfhood - broadly defined as “one who is able to re-pay.” These days, however, processes of credit assessment are ostensibly being ‘re-socialized’ through the use of big data and predictive analytics. Recently China announced the implementation of a nationwide Social Credit System, which will assign people a “Citizen Score” based, not only on their financial history, but on all aspects of their online behavior as well. This paper will explore the implications of this “re-socialization” of credit assessment in terms of its intensification of reputational labour and its increasing imposition of highly circumscribed versions of selfhood via an examination of China’s Social Credit program and online credit appraisal and underwriting intermediaries zestfinance.com and sofi.com. Predicated on a foundational assumption that we are inherently indebted, and marked by proprietary big data-driven predictive analytics, these opaque forms of credit/reputation assessment function as powerful cultural intermediaries that actively govern and delimit our life chances, prefiguring the meaning of trustworthiness and creditable behavior in advance.

2008 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 23 pages || Words: 7903 words || 
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4. Laferté, Gilles. "Formalization of the economy. From face-to-face credit to automated consumer credit:" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, Jul 31, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p239987_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: We explore the transformation of consumer credit markets in France through the twentieth-century from a case study. The local, face-to-face credit market in Lens, northern France, developed against a background of immigration and so was not based on pre-existing social networks but on the attractiveness of credit and of the goods on offer. The entrepreneurs involved innovated by connecting together the Parisian textile networks and demand from working-class Polish families. They profited from their belonging to both Jewish and Polish communities. This credit was expensive, carried no interest, was inseparable from the goods sold and the home service provided, and was not understood by the authorities, staying in a black hole of state control. Two processes put an end to it: (i) the disappearance of a way of life, of the captive customer base, complicating face-to-face identification and requiring use of the state’s means of identification (vital statistics records, identity cards)—with the state guaranteeing the identity of those involved on the market and extending business beyond networks of acquaintances—and (ii) legislative action and reorganization of credit activities to the advantage of commercial banks. The specificity of French credit market is that this is the state which first shaped markets in a move to standardize the economy. This formalization was extended by banks that progressively provided credit regardless of any personal relations.

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