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2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Pages: 20 pages || Words: 9965 words || 
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1. Bassett, Carolyn. "Crisis! What Crisis? Understanding the South African Response to the Global Economic Crisis of 2008-09" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/X-PDF>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p415071_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper explores the impact of the global economic crisis on South Africa and the response in major sectors of the economy and by government. The paper is particularly interested in where the burden of adjustment has fallen, and the nature of economic restructuring as different economic sectors respond to the challenges and opportunities in the crisis.

2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 9088 words || 
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2. Kim, Young. "Understanding Publics’ Perception and Behaviors in Crisis Communication: Effects of Crisis News Framing and Publics’ Acquisition, Selection, and Transmission of Information in Crisis Situations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p983734_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to better understand publics’ perception and communicative behaviors in crisis communication. Crisis communication research has focused on the relationship between crisis news framing (crisis type) and crisis responsibility rather than actual outcomes such as reputation and behavioral intentions. Moreover, the extant research has overlooked different publics’ communicative behaviors, influencing the crisis outcomes. To fill the gap, this study conducted an online experiment with 1,113. This study found the direct and negative effects of crisis news framing (preventable crisis news framing) on crisis outcomes. Applying Situational Theory of Problem Solving (STOPS) to crisis communication, the results revealed that communicative actions (information attending, forwarding, and seeking) are positively associated with reputation and behavioral intentions. Theoretical and practical implications for future research and practices are discussed.

2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Words: 206 words || 
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3. Krishnarajan, Suthan. "Crisis, What Crisis? Unpacking the Crisis-Democracy Relationship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 31, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1247555_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: An extensive large-N literature has demonstrated that economic crises consistently and significantly increase the risk of democratic breakdown. However, small-N comparative studies scrutinizing specific crisis episodes find only weak and inconsistent crisis-effects. I argue that these disagreements stem from an inadequate measurement of economic crisis in the large-N literature. The standard annual growth rate in GDP/capita measurement approach utilized by all large-N studies suffers from several shortcomings that lead to misguided conclusions. These are 1) inadequate specification of duration and 2) depth of crisis, 3) sensitive coefficients, 4) confusing the stabilizing effects of positive growth with the destabilizing effects of crisis, and 5) no inclusion of financial crisis components. By building on the works of economists, I present a new measurement approach that distinguishes between sovereign debt slumps, inflation slumps, banking slumps, currency slumps, and pure real-economic slumps. From this vantage point the paper shows that the effect of economic crises on democratic breakdowns is highly conditional on the type of crisis: democracies are very resilient to inflation-, currency-, and banking-slumps, while being highly vulnerable to sovereign debt slumps. By providing empirical evidence of such conditional crisis-effects this paper provides a way to bridge the disagreements in the literature and offers avenues for further crisis research.

2011 - Eighteenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Words: 247 words || 
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4. Della Sala, Vincent. "Crisis, What Crisis? Narrating Crisis and Decline" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eighteenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Various University Venues, Barcelona, Spain, <Not Available>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p485372_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The dominant narrative of the European Union, whether it s told by intergovernmentalists or supranationalists, is one of the onward march of integration. The story left no room for a retreat as either interests, identities, institutions or ideas tied up with the European project became more entrenched with each passing step. Paradoxically, these steps were often taken when Europe seemed to be in “crisis”. The puzzle that this paper wants to address is why is it that conditions so propitious to enhancing the EU’s powers internally as well as abroad do not seem to be having the same effect in recent years. The paper will argue that the “crisis” narrative no longer resonates in Europe because its underlying theme – further integration or instability in Europe – has lost of driving force. The challenges presented not just by the recent global crisis but also by issues such as climate change and the emergence of new powers do not fit into a picture that leaves room for both national and European stories. The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, it will present a panoramic view of the EU’s response to the economic crisis of the last three years. Second, it will argue that the current narrative of decline is decidedly different from previous uses of crisis. Moreover, there was no European narrative of the crisis, thus making it difficult for the EU to develop a common response and a map to find a way to go forward.

2017 - 88th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 182 words || 
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5. Clary, Matthew., Clary, Virginia. and Owsiak, Andrew. "Causing a Crisis: Simulating Interstate Crisis Conditions as a Learning Exercise in Crisis Diplomacy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 88th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 11, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1203092_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Students often struggle to understand complex political processes – such as the challenges of multilateral bargaining, cooperating in anarchically (as opposed to hierarchically) ordered environments, and creating policy under conditions of threat, competition, and time pressure. In order to offer students greater insight into these processes, this article therefore presents a simulation that replicates crisis conditions. Unlike other similar exercises, our simulation asks students to bargain simultaneously both within their individual governments to create policy and across governments using Twitter as a means of diplomatic communication to manage the crisis. Furthermore, we use real-world, as opposed to fictitious, issues and actors, in our exercise, which imbibes it with a sense of urgency and veracity. Through such a simulation, instructors can therefore teach students in a wide variety of courses about complex political processes across the domestic-international politics divide. Indeed, students report through collected survey data that they directly experience and better understand the logic behind the concepts they read and hear about in our courses, giving us great confidence that the exercise reinforces the concepts, themes, and learning objectives of our courses.

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