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2009 - WPSA ANNUAL MEETING "Ideas, Interests and Institutions" Pages: 42 pages || Words: 14876 words || 
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1. Schneider, Laura. "Deliberative Success: An Analysis of the United States Forest Service and Deliberative Democracy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the WPSA ANNUAL MEETING "Ideas, Interests and Institutions", Hyatt Regency Vancouver, BC Canada, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Mar 19, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p316783_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed

2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 20 pages || Words: 6806 words || 
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2. Fishkin, James., Luskin, Robert., Siu, Alice. and Xekalaki, Evdokia. "Returning Deliberative Democracy to Athens: Deliberative Polling for Candidate Selection" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p279869_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Candidate selection in representative democracies is usually either by party elites or by mass primaries, an American innovation lately spreading o the rest of the democratic world. The choice between the two poses a dilemma for reform. Primaries allow mass participation, but by voters who are rarely well informed and or deliberative. Elites are generally well informed and may even deliberative, but decision making confined to them violates political equality.

How then to provide for both deliberation and equality? A solution has lain in the dust of history for centuries—the deliberative microcosm chosen by lot. An ancient version was common for many political processes in Athens. A modern adaptation is embodied in Deliberative Polling.

This paper reports on the first use of Deliberative Polling for the official selection of candidates for office by a major political party anywhere in the world. In June 2006, Deliberative Polling was used to select a mayoral candidate in Marousi, one of the principal municipalities of the Athens area. PASOK, the Greek Socialist party, used a recruited a random sample hundreds of Marousi citizens to discuss the policy issues facing the city and the choice of a mayoral candidate to deal with them. At the end of the process, two rounds of secret balloting selected one of six candidates as PASOK’s official candidate for the mayorship of Marousi.

This paper analyzes the changes in both policy attitude changes and candidate preferences. We consider the sample’s knowledge gains, the extent to which they drove the changes in candidate preference, and the extent to which the final secret ballot voting can be generated by the questionnaire results. The paper also considers the viability of Deliberative Polling for candidate selection based on this first effort.

2011 - ISPP 34th Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 10751 words || 
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3. Jennstål, Julia. "Is there a "deliberative personality"? Explaining deliberative behavior in trait terms" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 34th Annual Scientific Meeting, Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey, Jul 09, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p506007_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For more than 20 years ago we witnessed a deliberative turn in democratic theory leading way for deliberation to become a central part of democratic thinking and practices. A general assumption, within this huge field of research and practice, is that all individuals are able to, at least, some deliberation. Drawing on psychological research deliberative scholars have stressed the limitations inherent in “human nature” but, at the end, they have argued away the problems by stressing the importance of the deliberative situation as such, as an incentive to learn and stimulate deliberation among the participants. Accordingly, situational factors have been adhered to, while dispositional variables been disregarded. This paper discusses the role of dispositional variables for deliberation by exploring (1) if deliberative behavior could be translated into personality trait terms (using a Big Five framework) and, if this is the case, (2) if the deliberative behavioral expectations (reason giving, open-mindedness, respect of others, etceteras) provide an authentic and consistent appreciation of individual conduct, in general? I argue that deliberative behavior can be translated into personality trait terms. By doing so it can be shown that a single person hardly can possess all personality traits needed for deliberative behavior. Deliberative scholars’ assumption of the existence of a “universal competence”, in essence, can be translated into highly specialized personality facets, and, when combined in a very delicate mixture, they may give rise to the “deliberative personality”. This finding sheds new light on deliberation and how it should be defined and conceptualized.

2014 - Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference Words: 672 words || 
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4. LIN, CHUN-WEN. and Chen, Wen-Yan. "Comparative analysis between the effect of normative deliberative beliefs and personal deliberative beliefs on organizational citizenship behavior among teachers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717257_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Organizational citizenship behaviors are imperative to the success of the organization because organizations cannot conjecture entire behaviors requisite for the achievement of organizational goals through formal job descriptions (Katz & Kahn, 1978; Organ, 1990; Organ, Podsakoff, & MacKenzie, 2005). Deliberative democracy described the capability to engage with others on issues of political relevance in a mutual respect manner to reaching a consensus in the public sphere that establishes the basics of citizenship (Merry, 2012). In Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, the most general goal of deliberative capacity (practical wisdom) whose focus is on what is to be done, serves the moral virtues, including the emotional ones was to pursue actions that would contribute to the public good. The main aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis proposed about the effects of deliberative belief on organizational citizenship behavior, a comparative analysis between the effect of normative deliberative beliefs and personal deliberative beliefs on organizational citizenship behavior among teachers and the mediating role of organizational commitment and leadership support. Self-reported measures of deliberative belief, organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment and leadership support were obtained from 202 teachers in Taiwan from 15 senior/vocational high schools in Taiwan.
The results supported Aristorian theory. Structural equation modeling indicated that organizational commitment and leadership support completely mediated the personal deliberative belief and organizational citizenship behavior relation. Deliberation-OCB overall model fit indicated that the model provided an acceptable fit to the sample data (χ2/df=2.42, GFI=.90, TLI=.92, CFI=.93, RMSEA=.08, SRMR=0.06). This model shows that teachers’ personal deliberative beliefs impacted their organizational citizenship behavior (γ=.39, p< .001), but normative deliberative beliefs did not impact teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior significantly. As a result, teacher’s personal deliberative beliefs served as an independent variable for the impact of OCB among senior/vocational high school teachers. In total 18% of the variance in the teachers’ OCB was accounted for by their personal deliberative beliefs. The structural equation modeling produced the following path coefficients: PDB=>OCB=.39, t=3.59, p <.001; NDB=>OCB=0.07, t=0.64, p=.52;, where PDB=>OCB represents the path coefficient between PDB and OCB, NDB=>OCB=0.07 stands for the path coefficient between NDB and OCB. NDB and PDB are correlated significant. The data analysis indicated that the association between personal deliberative beliefs and organizational citizenship behavior was positively related. The findings in this research corresponds well with Aristotle’s views, that is, a high level of personal deliberative beliefs affects teachers’ OCB in a positive way; which supports the Aristotle’s thought which elucidated that inclusion of deliberate choice in the process leading up to action accordance with virtue, for deliberation is necessary to sort out all the circumstances of a situation requiring a response (Aristotle, 1947).
There are inconsistencies between knowledge and conduct for matter of deliberation, which correspond with Aristotelian deliberation which is not simply a matter of knowledge, or character, even mere logical demonstration, but attained a passionate element. In his words, “ethos, pathos, and logos” are the means of rhetoric deliberation leading to moral virtue. ”Pathos” means passion in Greek, being measured by organizational commitment and leadership support in our study. In our study, we also can not underestimate the importance of organizational commitment and leadership support. Therefore, it might be recommended that deliberative pedagogy, deliberative leadership and deliberative governance should be performed in authentic circumferences to promote teachers’ personal deliberative beliefs and thereby, to develop teachers’ “sunesis” (a capacity to judge well) for attaining OCB and pursuit for school goods. Besides, deliberative bodies in educational institution should be established to fulfill the needs of true deliberation. In other words, it was found that personal deliberative beliefs increased in parallel to the increase in teachers’ OCB. Thus, it might be recommended that application of practical deliberation in special situation for particular cases in school in which teachers can use the meaningful deliberative means with “right beliefs ”about the virtue end, not only tutoring normative deliberative knowledge, should be performed. These results have important implications for comparative education attempting to reinforce their teacher’s deliberative belief, as well as those seeking to ameliorate international disparities in deliberation and organizational citizenship behavior.

2009 - ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: 31 pages || Words: 7150 words || 
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5. Seyle, D. Conor., Ryan, Pamela. and Skiadas, Toula. "Development and impact of deliberative quality across a three-day Deliberative Poll." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p307000_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Proponents of deliberative democracy argue that deliberative experiences can help to improve political engagement and perceptions of political self-efficacy. Research into Deliberative Polling has confirmed that the DP process can result in these impacts. Some theorists have argued that deliberation is a unique and uniquely powerful form of interaction at developing these results. If this is the case, then participating in discussions which meet deliberative ideals should be more effective at predicting these results than those that do not. Two studies conducted during an Australian state-level Deliberative Poll assessed the development of deliberative quality across the course of the DP and its impact on later opinion change. The first study developed and conducted initial validation of a scale to assess deliberative quality, then used it to assess deliberative quality across the three days of the DP. Deliberative quality was high but declined with time over the course of the DP. Consistent with previous research, groups with higher proportions of women showed more discontent with the deliberative quality of the discussion. The second study surveyed participants at six months post-DP, and found a significant increase in perceptions of political efficacy and political understanding. Deliberative quality at the individual or group level did not predict these changes, suggesting that they were not related to adherence to deliberative ideals, as defined by theorists and assessed by our measure. Other mechanisms such as information exchange may be more likely predictors of these effects.

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