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2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
1. Khan, Subuhi., DeAngelo, Tessa. and Feng, Bo. "Depression Gets You or You Get Depression? The Influence of Linguistic Agency and Causality Attribution On Stigma About Depression" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-24 <>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this study two language features-linguistic agency and causality- were manipulated to see their effect on stigma reduction against people suffering from depression, in an online support forum. 241 undergraduate students participated in the online experiment. Controlling for age, sex and education, preliminary results showed a reduction in avoidance and control related stigma, when viewers saw messages ascribing agency to depression and simultaneously depicting depression as biological in origin. Personality, locus of control, empathy and communication style will be analyzed as possible moderators. Preliminary findings provide promising insight communication strategies for reducing stigma against people suffering from depression.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
2. Andreas, Anna., Otto, Yvonne., Stadelmann, Stephanie., von Klitzing, Kai. and Klein, Annette. "Depressive Symptoms in Early School Age: The Interaction of Maternal Depressiveness and Children’s Maternal Representations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2020-02-24 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Introduction: Research has shown that depressive symptoms in mothers can increase the risk for their children to develop depressive symptoms (e.g. Goodman et al., 2011), but there is a knowledge gap about moderators for this association. Depressed mothers tend to express less positive and more negative affect towards their children (Martins & Gaffan, 2000), and react less responsive and sensitive to their needs (Lovejoy, Graczyk, O’Hare & Neumann, 2000). It is supposed that the mother-child relationship affects children’s formation of positive or negative inner representations of the mother (e.g. Toth, Rogosch, Sturge-Apple & Cicchetti, 2009). The present study examined the link between maternal depressiveness and children’s depressive symptoms in early school age and how this association relates to the children’s representations of the maternal figure two years before.
Methods: The sample consists of 170 children (92 girls) and their mothers. The families participated at two measurement points. In preschool age (M age = 5,2) we assessed the maternal depressiveness (Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ; Spitzer, Kroenke, & Williams, 1999) and the positive and negative mother representations of the children using the MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB; Bretherton & Oppenheim, 2003). To control for depressive symptoms of the children at baseline we conducted a detailed diagnostic interview with the parent (Preschool age Psychiatric Assessment; PAPA; Egger, Ascher, Angold, 1999). Two years later, in early school age (M age = 7,3), we assessed children’s depressive symptoms by a questionnaire (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC; Weissmann et al, 1980). We conducted a multiple linear regression analysis with three steps (see Table 1).
Results: The results of the first step in the multiple linear regression revealed that depressive symptoms of the children in preschool age could significantly increase the amount of systematic variance in the prediction of children’s depressive symptoms in early school age (F(1,168)= 14.51, p < .001). The addition of the variables maternal depressiveness and children’s positive and negative mental representations of the mother on the second step increased the amount of systematic variance (F(4,165)= 9.53, p < .001). In this step, only maternal depressiveness had a significant independent effect to the model. Regarding this, children of a mother with higher level of depressive symptoms had a higher risk for own depressive symptoms in early school age. The last step of the regression showed an additional increase in systematic variance accounted for by the model (F(6,163)= 8.68, p < .001). Only the interaction between maternal depressiveness and children’s positive mother representations made a significant independent contribution in the prediction of children’s depressive symptoms in early school age. Children whose mothers had a higher level of depressiveness were at higher risk for depressive symptoms two years later if they showed few positive mother representations (see figure 1).
Conclusion: The present findings underline the effect of children’s internal processes on their adjustment. Developing positive mother representations might play a protective role when children are exposed to maternal depressiveness. Thus, the results emphasize the importance of addressing the representational level in psychotherapy.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
3. Garcia, Sarah. "Depression and Mortality: Investigating the Role of Cognitive Impairment and Cause of Depression" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-24 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Individuals with mental health conditions, on average, die younger than those who do not. In this paper, we focus on the association between depression and mortality. What is not well understood is why this relationship exists. What drives early mortality in individuals with depression? We use the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study data to examine potential mediators driving the depression-mortality relationship in a sample that is followed from high school to later life: cognitive impairment in later life and self-reported perceived cause of depression. After controlling for a rich set of covariates we find that individuals with depression are significantly more likely to be dead in their early to mid-seventies, and that cognitive impairment does not initially appear to drive the relationship. We also find that perceived cause of depression (drugs, alcohol, mediation, or physical illness) does not drive the relationship. In future analyses we plan to examine motivational depletion as a potential mediator and whether cause of death matters in the depression-mortality relationship. We also discuss other potential factors in the depression-mortality relationship.
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