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2017 - Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting Words: 739 words || 
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1. Misiaszek, Greg. "Development? : Teaching Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) through critical questioning “Development” and “Sustainable Development”" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting, Sheraton Atlanta Downtown, Atlanta, Georgia, Mar 05, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1214708_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Historically, Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), emergent from Environmental Education (EE), was constructed to teach socio-environmental issues to understand and determine development actions that are sustainable without (or minimizing) negative socio-environmental issues, with particular attention to long-term negative consequences. EE models were often critiqued for overlooking social issues that stem from environmental issues and vice versa. However, ESD models have been increasingly taken over by the “development” framing of ESD (“esD”) with excessively centering economics. Economics, especially economic justice, is a very important aspect to development, but is problematic when: 1) economics is the sole factor of analysis; 2) economics is measured within a neoliberal framing in which sustaining and/or increasing hegemony rather than economic justice is sought; and 3) development is non-contextually, singularly framed as Western development largely affected by globalization. This paper provides an ecopedagogical (e.g., critical) analysis of reinventing ESD for transformation with inclusivity of all the world’s diverse societies and populations, as well as factors of livelihood as determinants of what is “development”? Rooted in critical theories and popular education movements in Latin American, through reinvention of Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy, ecopedagogy is transformative teaching in which educators dialectically problem-pose the politics of socio-environmental connections through local and global lenses. To question esD vs. ESD, ecopedagogues center the questions “What is?”, “For who?”, and “Who defines?” the terms of “development” and its “sustainability” in teaching and conducting research.

The paper utilizes two qualitative, comparative education research studies on: 1) ecopedagogy in Brazil, Argentina, and USA and (2) the dis/connections between citizenships (local to national to global to planetary spheres), environmental pedagogies, and globalizations (from above/below). The paper provides recommendations on reinventing current environmental pedagogical models by questioning the politics of education as a tool for “development”, with specific attention to critical analysis of ESD.

Emergent Themes
Throughout the paper I discuss the following themes that emerged from the two research studies
Teaching to De/Reconstruct Progress and Development
Notions of development and striving towards development in order to “progress” is often seen as the root of problematic environmental issues. It is not that progress is negative; instead, progress needs problem-posing multi-perspective, multidisciplinary socio-environmental analysis to determine positive and negative aspects. Although development is a key universal goal of education (Olmos & Torres, 2009), definitions and acts towards development are always political, historical and contextual, especially when concerning socio-environmental wellness. However, environmental teaching often occurs as though it is apolitical, ahistorical, and acultural.

Teaching Socio-Environmental Reflection, Not Environmentalism
The goal of ecopedagogy is for students’ actions towards ending socio-environmental oppressions; however, what if students’ praxis (actions emerging from deep critical reflection) is not framed socio-environmentally “good?” A conundrum exists within environmental pedagogies in that critical teaching should not teach students how to think (Author, 2009); however, it is impossible for a teacher or a learning space to be apolitical (Freire, 2000), as an environmentalist (Author, 2009).
Teaching Development: A Colonial Past and Globalizations Possible Futures
Teaching various connections with colonialism are important to understand oppressions which are inherently historical (Apple & Au, 2009; Gadotti, 1996; Held, 1980); including the systematic connections between teaching what development is, and its associated actions, and how this relates to colonialism in an increasingly globalized world?
Teaching Development Locally and Globally
Critical problem-posing the deeper aspects of and rationales for developmental goals from various perspectives - rather than a singular universal one - in learning spaces is essential. Gadotti (2008), in his writings in The Earth Charter, described the need for “universal” environmental pedagogies to be not fixed (i.e., static) in detail but rather for them to provide common socio-environmental goals to help guide locally constructed environmental pedagogies; applying this, the determination of a society’s development must not be globally fixed only by global aspects of development but by locally contextual aspects, as well. As discussed previously, within and increasingly globalized world, the contested terrain of globalization both helps and hinders such a bottom-up defining of development, and thus constructs of sustainable development.
Countering False Environmentalism-Development Ideologies
My research on ecopedagogy in the Americas highlighted the need for a paradigm shift in understanding development as it relates to one’s relation to livelihood and environmental wellbeing, and both of these as they relate to multiple spheres of spheres of citizenship (e.g., local, national, global, planetary) (Author, 2011, 2016). In later research, I found that connections between critical Global Citizenship Education (GCE) and ecopedagogy are increasingly needed in an increasingly globalized world (Author, 2015).

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Pages: 21 pages || Words: 4852 words || 
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2. Quadir, Fahimul. "Doing or Managing Development: The New Narrative of Development and its Implications for Autonomous Development in the New Millennium" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p312922_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper aims to examine a broad range of fiercely debated contemporary issues that seemed to have shaped the practice of ‘development’ in recent years. In particular, it seeks to elucidate the general meanings and epistemological implications of the wi

2011 - UCEA Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 5741 words || 
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3. Hall, John. "Developing Principles for Developing Principals: One District’s Process for Designing Leadership Development Policies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the UCEA Annual Convention, Westin Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, Nov 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p523551_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines one district’s process for crafting policy to guide the development of school leaders. I focus on the working group primarily responsible for this process, analyzing the artifacts and experiences that inform their decisions. I draw on social capital and relational trust to explain participants’ interactions. I also describe the impact of district context, in particular logics of leadership, and the influence of nonsystem actors.

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 19 pages || Words: 7370 words || 
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4. Weinstein, Liza. "Developing a Consensus: Authoritarian Development, Participatory Planning, and Negotiational Politics in Mumbai's Dharavi Development Project" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p182308_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines the process by which a consensus was reached and approval was garnered for the Dharavi Development Project, a billion dollar initiative to redevelop Mumbai’s most infamous residential and industrial squatter settlement. Initiated in the context of neoliberal politics and devolved municipal governance, technocratic planning schemes – with their roots in both the British Civil Service and Nehruvian Soviet-style planning – are no longer political viable and a certain degree of local support, if not direct community participation, is required to secure both state backing and private investment. Employing a cadre of Community Development Officers (CDOs), the state government recognized neighborhood-level political support to be a prerequisite for the project’s successful implementation. Utilizing the neighborhood’s institutional infrastructure – including ward-level politicians, social service providers, and professional and worker collectives – CDOs spent more than three years convincing constituents and making side payments to build consensual support for the project. Although a certain amount of resistance remains, the opposition has been marginalized as institutional support expanded. This paper examines both the rationale and the process by which this consensus was secured for Dharavi’s current redevelopment. It uses this case to examine the prevailing practices and theories of authoritarian development, on one hand, and participatory planning, on the other, and identifies the rise of “negotiational politics” as a political third way. Drawing upon Selznick’s classic study of the Tennessee Valley Authority, this paper argues that “negotational politics” (similar to what Selznick called cooptation) remain an important, though currently under-theorized, aspect of development.

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