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2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 2475 words || 
1. Valdez, Avelardo., Cepeda, Alice. and Natera Rey, Guillermina. "The Process of Diffusion: Adoption and Transmission of Crack Use in Mexico DF" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The smoking of crack is a recent emerging phenomenon in Mexico City (referred to as México, Distrito Federal (DF). To date, limited information is available on how the practice of smoking crack has emerged and spread among the local drug using subpopulations. The importance of this phenomenon is the potential for an emerging crack epidemic that can contribute to the rapid transmission of infectious diseases including HIV and other STI (sexually transmitted infections). The data for the present analyses come from an on-going international research collaboration on drug abuse and addiction research between the University of Southern California and the Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramon de la Fuente Muñiz (INPRFM). The sample consists of 50 current crack users in México DF. This manuscript seeks a comprehensive understanding of the emergence and transmission of crack use practices of adults in México DF. We use specific analytical constructs from the Diffusion of Innovation Theory to understand the processes associated with the emerging use of crack. Specifically, we examine the “natural” spread of crack use in the population with a focus on the processes of diffusion. Analyses revealed three general categories as emerging factors associated with the diffusion of crack use in DF. Discussed is how the diffusion of crack is attributed to macro-level factors, migration, and existing interdiction efforts. Findings from this research will contribute to designing peer-based prevention interventions that address social and contextual factors associated with the diffusion of crack use in México DF.

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