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2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 47 pages || Words: 11529 words || 
1. Hong, Jae Woo. and Morrison, Minion K.C.. "Institutional Effects on DemocraticSupport:Divers effects on diverse dimensions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-06-27 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper proposed here aims at unraveling the effects of
political institutions on public’s support for democracy. Many students
of democratization have regarded public support for democracy as one of
the quintessential elements leading a country to democratic
consolidation. Countries without substantial level of public support
for principles and practices of democratic politics has been degraded
as merely “electoral” or “delegative” democracies even though they have
competitive elections. Consolidated democracy can stand only on the
culture in which ordinary citizens habitually believe in and behave
according to the norms and rules of democracy. Some students of new
institutionalism argue that certain institutions can encourage breeding
higher levels of public support for democracy than others (Anderson and
Guillory 1997; Norris 1999). Focusing upon how institutions make
winners and losers, their analyses show that more inclusive and
consensus oriented institutions are better to produce more democratic
support than majoritarian institutions. It is a very interesting
finding broadening topics and knowledge of institutional engineering.
However, previous studies have several problems. (1) Their cases are
usually limited in western and matured democracies. (2) More
significantly, they do not consider the recent achievement of the
studies of democratic support: Public support for democracy is
multidimensional and multidirectional. (3) Measuring institutional
variable is very limited and too simplified. In this paper, using World
Value Survey data and other the most recent datasets, not only do we
increase the number of cases significantly including old and new
democracies, but also we compose new indicators measuring institutions:
executive systems, electoral systems and levels of decentralization.
More importantly, we conceptually divide public support for democracy
into four dimensions: supports for democratic principles, performance
of democracy, democratic institutions and personnel in democratic
government. Following Lijphart works (Lijphart 1999), we believe
consensus oriented institutions due to their nature of inclusiveness
are better tools to raise public support. Unlike previous works,
however, we hypothesize that not only do each institution make diverse
influences on public support but also they are differently embodied in
each dimension of democratic support. Our project will reveals more
complicated patterns of institutional impacts on democratic support,
which has been hidden in the previous studies. Ultimately, it will
contribute to enrich current theory and knowledge of institutional

2014 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 119 words || 
2. Wright, Joanne. "Listening to the Murmurs: Politics and Power in Cavendish’s Divers Orations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, New York, NY, Hilton New York, <Not Available>. 2019-06-27 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Cavendish’s political thought presents a conundrum for interpreters, who often choose to assert her Royalist absolutism rather than attempting to decipher the multiplicity of views found, for example, in her Divers Orations. Given that Cavendish both served and supported the monarchy throughout her life, it is entirely possible that she maintained a personal commitment to it. Still, in her published works, she offers political perspectives that often stray quite far afield from the traditional hierarchical status quo. Indeed, Cavendish, along with the Levellers, Hobbes, Locke, and others, helped provide the conceptual underpinnings for an entirely different worldview, one that took seriously the dissenting voices of the mid-seventeenth century and became more centered on the rights of the individual.

2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 10514 words || 
3. Cornelissen, Sharon. "Becoming a Dumpster Diver: Towards an Understanding of Habitus as Context-specific, Multiple and Decentralized" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-27 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article proposes a rethinking of Bourdieu’s habitus as context-specific, multiple and decentralized, based on nine months of participant-observation fieldwork and interviews with dumpster divers in New York City. Dumpster divers are people who collect and eat food from retail trash as a lifestyle choice. Bourdieu theorized habitus as a relatively durable, classed structure acquired mainly during childhood socialization. While he recognized the possibility of acquiring a number of secondary or “specific” habitus (Bourdieu 2000) later in life, he never explored the implications of adulthood socialization for his theory of habitus. I argue that the case of dumpster divers prompts us to rethink habitus. Dumpster divers cultivate new dispositions as they learn to recognize promising trash bags by sight and touch, orient themselves to cityscape anew and displace commonsensical notions of trash, food and dirt. At the same time, they continue to borrow their classed food taste and consumption style from other fields of consumption. The simultaneity of the displacement and mobilization of previously acquired dispositions in the practice of dumpster diving challenges theoretical understandings of habitus as a unitary, classed substrate on the one hand or as fragmented on the other hand. In this article, I develop an alternative model of habitus as bundles of interlinked dispositions acquired in specific contexts and argue for the analytical value of this notion of context-specific habitus over a more narrow focus on habit-formation for understanding socialization processes.

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 20 pages || Words: 6325 words || 
4. Kooistra, Paul. and Kolb, Kenneth. "Trash Talkers and Divers: Soccer’s Gendered Structure" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 07, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-27 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Throughout the world, many countries have seen an increase in female soccer participation (cf. Hong and Mangan 2004). In 2003 in the US, there were 9.1 million girls registered, accounting for 45 percent of all soccer players in this country (SICA). In most countries, women’s participation in the male domain of sport has been “contested ideological terrain” (Messner 1988:198) and met with resistance. Given these circumstances, the growth of women’s soccer would seem to indicate movement towards greater gender equality. The goals of our paper are twofold. Firstly, using historical and demographic data, we suggest that soccer has been constructed as a “less masculine” sport in the US (compared to other mainstays such as football, basketball, or baseball). Secondly, using data gathered from participant observation and in-depth interviews, we argue that that gendered styles of play (in particular, the way women and men show aggression, “dive,” and “talk trash”) reflect and reproduce male privilege. In so doing, our analysis extends upon Messner’s (2000) argument that “doing gender” (West and Zimmerman 1987) on the playing field is an intertwined product of “interaction, structural context, and culture” (2000: 767). To be more specific, we show how the social context of youth soccer (a sport constructed as “sissy” in the US), uniquely enables and constrains gender performance.

2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 9454 words || 
5. Savio, Gianmarco. "Will Work for Food: Ideological and Organizational Stigma Management among Dumpster Divers in New York City" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-27 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The act of scavenging through the refuse of others, today alternatively referred to as dumpster diving, has long been fraught with a foul-smelling stigma. Why do certain individuals, some of whom are solidly middle-class, willingly engage in this discrediting behavior, alongside those who scavenge primarily out of necessity?

This paper is the product of five months of in-depth participant observation in various contexts related to dumpster diving in the New York City area. Throughout this period, the author became acquainted with numerous dumpster divers through informal encounters on the street and through organizations more formally and explicitly dedicated to the practice. Among the dumpster divers in the second group were self-described “freegans,” or “people who employ alternative strategies for living based on limited participation in the conventional economy and minimal consumption of resources” (

As a comparative study, the paper contrasts the worldviews of independent dumpster divers encountered on the street with “freegans” who dumpster dive in the context of more formal organizations and finds that ideology and organization play a significant role in shaping both how individuals understand themselves in relation to dumpster diving and the practice itself. While individuals in the first group exhibited informal forms of organization and sociability, individuals embedded in more formal organizations expressed an altogether alternative stigma management strategy and set of justifications regarding the practice. In considering the role of ideology and organization in relation to separate stigma management strategies, the paper presents findings relevant to scholars of culture, deviance, organizations and consumption.

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