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2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 9131 words || 
1. Kim, Changwook. "Locating Creative City Policy in East Asia: Neoliberalism, Developmental State and Assemblage of East Asian Cities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper attempts to map how creative city policy emerged as a new form of urban politics in East Asia. It locates the emergence of creative city policy within the East Asian context, where the current political economic movement of neoliberalism intersects with the developmental state’s historical legacy. By investigating institutional and economic practices and consequences of creative city policy in Seoul and Yokohama, this study focuses on how the urban place become carefully rearranged settings through certain procedural, institutional, and technical mechanisms implemented by various discursive and material practices of policy actors. Through this analysis, this research critically reexamines the key rationales of creative economy driven-development and considers the social costs and tensions between the state, capital and citizens that are embedded within the new creative city policy discourse.

2015 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 135 words || 
2. Orell, Julia. "Renaissance in East Asia? Wölfflin’s Principles in the Formation of East Asian Art History in Germanophone Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany, <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Art history departments saw an increasing interest in Asian art during the 1910s and 1920s, when the first German-language dissertations and habiliations were written in this newly forming field. Heinrich Wölfflin himself had expressed an interest in expanding the discipline to include the "wonders" of India and Japan in order to "assemble new concepts and establish new principles." Some of Wölfflin’s students took up this task, most notably Ludwig Bachhofer (1894-1976), Otto Fischer (1886-1948), and Curt Glaser (1879- 1943). My paper examines how they employed the Grundbegriffe in their studies of Japanese woodcut prints, Chinese landscape painting, Chinese bronzes, and East Asian religious sculpture. The paper focuses on the challenges posed by East Asian art to European art historical methodology, especially with regard to "Renaissance" formal characteristics and modes of representation as described by Wölfflin.

2015 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 10841 words || 
3. Li, Wei. "Origins of the East Asian Developmental States: Rethinking the East Asian Development Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study has two purposes. First, using Japan and China as examples, it demonstrates that the East Asian development model has a long history that dates back to the late nineteenth century, the first stage of East Asian industrialization. The essence of the East Asian model, state intervention in economic development, appeared at the time in a broad and deep fashion. Since then a historical pattern of government behavior has existed. Second, I discuss the implications of this study in relation to the East Asian development model. I examine the influence of the early developmental states on present-day East Asian economic systems, and further explore the source of the early developmental states. I argue that the East Asian model has its roots in traditional Asian political-economic structure and thus it is both historical and structural. Hence the model may not be readily replicated in other regions.

2017 - Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting Words: 726 words || 
4. Horta, Hugo., Yonezawa, Akiyoshi. and Osawa, Aki. "Mobility, training and collaborations of academics in STEM fields in East and South East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting, Sheraton Atlanta Downtown, Atlanta, Georgia, Mar 05, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Purpose of the research:

This presentation examines the mobility, training, and collaboration patterns of academics in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields in selected higher education systems in East and Southeast Asia in relation to the development of the academic profession.
The academic profession is influenced by research and educational networks related to the mobility – or immobility (Horta et al. 2011) – of academics across social and educational systems. These patterns cannot be dissociated from what the academic profession means in different regions of the world (bound by national cultures and identities but with differing levels of linkage and participation in global academic communities) as well as from the changes that the concept of ‘academic profession’ has experienced throughout history (Shattock 2014). While the formation and identity building of academics have returned to the center of scholarly mobility dynamics, their current scope and geographical breadth are wider (Welsh and Hao 2015). Given that the academic profession has been developed along various pathways and has been influenced by geopolitical structural changes and interactions (Marmolejo-Leyva et al. 2015), the formation and associated mobility for the training and connectivity of academics in East and Southeast Asia are of relevance (Yonezawa et al. 2014). This is because the recent growth of higher education worldwide has been driven mainly by Asia and that East and Southeast Asian societies are experiencing and are expected to continue to experience rapid change and development in the twenty-first century.
There are several reasons for focusing on STEM fields. First, STEM fields are key drivers of national development in knowledge economies (Freeman et al. 2015). Second, STEM fields generally require substantial resources for the training of researchers that are usually unavailable in most developing countries as they lack the necessary investment capacity (Ornstein 2015). Third, STEM fields are relatively globally standardized through integrated publication databases and are dominated by the English language as the lingua franca of scholarly communication (Bennion and Locke, 2010). This differs fundamentally from the humanities and social sciences where research communities tend to be separated by the language of publication and by national, cultural and social boundaries.

Perspectives of theoretical framework employed:

The present study discusses at length the changes to the academic profession and the increasing challenge in define this profession since it has been suffering from several different pressures related to managerialism but also globalization and internationalization of academia. The dynamics affecting the academic profession apply to East and Southeast Asia as they do most countries worldwide. However, to understand the characteristics and identity of the profession in the region, one needs to consider issues relating to national and regional identities that are often linked to processes of colonization and de-colonization. In this framework, the study uses Kim and Locke’s (2010) framework to analyze the complex patterns of academic mobility and training, which follows the work initiated by Kim (2001) in relation to the development of the inherent cultural identities of the academic profession in South Korea, Malaysia and Singapore. Other scholars have continued to develop this area of research (Lam and Park 2015). Based on the comparative examination of the behaviors and perspectives of academics in China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Malaysia, these scholars often refer to the search for regional identities, and our theoretical framework uses their conceptual grounds as well.

Research methods and other methods of inquiry:

The research makes use of two surveys: 1) Change in the Academic Profession implemented in 2007; 2) Changing Academic Profession in Asia, implemented in 2012. The Analysis also uses the SCOPUS database to analyze co-authorship trends. The methods use scientometrics and descriptive quantitative methods.

Results, substantiated conclusions, arguments and points of view:

The study finds that there are substantial differences in East and Southeast Asia concerning the training and mobility of academics. Japan and China have relatively self-contained systems, while South Korea is a study-abroad system; Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia and Hong Kong are magnetic through employment systems with varying degrees of relation to former colonizers. In the region, the scientific power of some countries is evidenced by research collaborations.

Scholarly significance, originality, creativity of the paper:

The analyses advance the theoretical framework proposed by Kim and Locke’s (2010) framework through the refining of the initial concepts and the disaggregation of others that allow for a better conceptual fit to analyze the current academic profession in STEM in East and Southeast Asia.

Paper published here:

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