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Showing 1 through 5 of 21,470 records.
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2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 38 pages || Words: 9598 words || 
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1. Claassen, Ryan. "Information Effects and Campaign Effects: Maximum Effects for Minimum Citizens?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p280014_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2007 - International Communication Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 7443 words || 
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2. Kang, Yahui., Cappella, Joseph. and Fishbein, Martin. "The Effect of Marijuana Scenes in Antimarijuana Public Service Announcements on Adolescents’ Evaluation of Ad Effectiveness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, San Francisco, CA, May 23, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p168226_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study explored the possible negative impact of a specific ad feature— presence of marijuana scenes—on adolescents’ perception of ad effectiveness. A secondary data analysis was conducted on adolescents’ evaluations of 60 antimarijuana and general antidrug PSAs that were a part of national and state antidrug campaigns directed at adolescents. The major finding of the study was that marijuana scenes, especially scenes showing actual marijuana smoking behaviors, in antimarijuana PSAs, negatively affected adolescents’ evaluation of ad effectiveness. This negative impact was mainly present for adolescents at higher levels of risk for marijuana use, and it was not reversed in the presence of strong arguments. The results of this analysis may be used to partially explain the lack of effectiveness of the antidrug media campaign. It may also help us design more effective antimarijuana PSAs by isolating aversive elements in the ads that may elicit boomerang effects in the target population. Limitations and future directions were also discussed.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Words: 316 words || 
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3. Kotsovilis, Spyridon. "Domestic Choice, Foreign Hand? The Effects and Effectiveness of External Involvement in the Georgian and Ukrainian Elections" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p180040_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: According to a number of post-Sovietologists, the international politics involving the post-Soviet states since 1991 have gradually turned into the new theater of a mini-Cold War between the United States and Russia. This paper investigates this argument by exploring the extent and reasons behind United States and Russian documented formal and informal involvement in the electoral processes in Georgia and the Ukraine. It also offers a model mechanism (via network analysis) to illustrate the effects and effectiveness of such involvement. Mixed motives have been offered for this US-Russian competition for influence in the post-Soviet landscape. Moscow appears eager to reassert its authority in the near abroad to ensure the cooperation of former Republics in a range of issues (commerce, anti-terrorism), but the potential domestic political calculations of an increasingly authoritarian Russian president must also be accounted for. Washington?s foreign policy rhetoric indicates a strong interest in the active promotion of democracy, but they may be superceded by strategic considerations in the global war on terror and in strengthening diplomatic and military ties with the new states. First, the paper presents the two cases, with field work research material from the two elections, and an analysis of the Foreign Policies of the US and Russia relating to the two states. Further, it explores the effects of informal, non-governmental involvement and these organizations? agendas. Next, a theoretical section briefly presents the major IR theories and then the paper applies them to the conduct of the United States and Russia in the region, as well as to the foreign policy formulations of the Saakashvili and Yushchenko governments. Further, it offers a model for mobilization networks applicable to the two elections to illustrate the mechanism behind the role and effects such external involvement played in these events. Finally, the study concludes with an assessment on the future interactions involving this quartet of players, and the lessons for other post-Soviet states.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 35 pages || Words: 9390 words || 
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4. Brox, Brian. "The New Search for Campaign Effects: Candidates, Parties, and Effects on Voters" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85139_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This research looks at an innovative measure of campaign activity in an analysis of campaign effects. I use data from the Campaign Finance Analysis Project to identify spending on advertising and grassroots campaigning in Congressional elections from 1992 to 2002. I also use data from the Federal Election Commission to identify advertising and grassroots campaign spending by state political parties over the same time period. With these new measures I test for turnout and vote choice effects with aggregate and individual level data. I find that candidate campaigns have important effects at the individual level and in the aggregate while party campaigns have little impact on turnout or vote choice.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 22 pages || Words: 7031 words || 
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5. Potter, David. "The Illusion of a CNN-Effect? Using Japanese Foreign Disaster Assistance to Examine the Effect of Stochastic Policy Environments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2018-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p250899_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Policy uncertainty is often cited as a cause of the CNN-effect, with some arguing that an uncertain policy environment is a necessary condition for media-driven foreign policy. While the logic appears compelling, with the rise of the debate over a CNN-effect following so closely on the heels of the end of the realist foreign policy environment of the Cold War, the claim is contradicted by rigorous empirical analyses of the influence of the news media on sets of foreign policy actions. Far from the media influence becoming predominant in a period of policy uncertainty, the longstanding correlation between media coverage and the global aid response to disasters disappeared with the end of the cold war. This study provides a detailed analysis of how periods of policy uncertainty affects the influence of media coverage and other factors related to the provision of Japanese disaster assistance.

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