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2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 38 pages || Words: 9598 words || 
1. Claassen, Ryan. "Information Effects and Campaign Effects: Maximum Effects for Minimum Citizens?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 32 pages || Words: unavailable || 
2. Moore, Kelli. "Global Migration and Local Effects: The Effect of Civic Organizations on Ethnic Conflict" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In recent policy and academic discourse much emphasis is placed on creating social capital for achieving development goals, mitigating conflict and creating harmonious communities. However, there have been few attempts to examine whether and to what extent analysis od conceptualizations of social capital and ethnic conflict are applicable and can travel across different settings. By disaggregating social capital into four kinds: bridging, bonding, binding, and blinding, this paper seeks to better understand how civic participation works in multi-ethnic societies. This paper argues that although developing countries tend to suffer most from ethnic conflict and war, western countries have also much to gain on a regional and national level from examining the relationship between civic life and ethnic conflict.
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 47 pages || Words: 11529 words || 
3. Hong, Jae Woo. and Morrison, Minion K.C.. "Institutional Effects on DemocraticSupport:Divers effects on diverse dimensions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper proposed here aims at unraveling the effects of
political institutions on public’s support for democracy. Many students
of democratization have regarded public support for democracy as one of
the quintessential elements leading a country to democratic
consolidation. Countries without substantial level of public support
for principles and practices of democratic politics has been degraded
as merely “electoral” or “delegative” democracies even though they have
competitive elections. Consolidated democracy can stand only on the
culture in which ordinary citizens habitually believe in and behave
according to the norms and rules of democracy. Some students of new
institutionalism argue that certain institutions can encourage breeding
higher levels of public support for democracy than others (Anderson and
Guillory 1997; Norris 1999). Focusing upon how institutions make
winners and losers, their analyses show that more inclusive and
consensus oriented institutions are better to produce more democratic
support than majoritarian institutions. It is a very interesting
finding broadening topics and knowledge of institutional engineering.
However, previous studies have several problems. (1) Their cases are
usually limited in western and matured democracies. (2) More
significantly, they do not consider the recent achievement of the
studies of democratic support: Public support for democracy is
multidimensional and multidirectional. (3) Measuring institutional
variable is very limited and too simplified. In this paper, using World
Value Survey data and other the most recent datasets, not only do we
increase the number of cases significantly including old and new
democracies, but also we compose new indicators measuring institutions:
executive systems, electoral systems and levels of decentralization.
More importantly, we conceptually divide public support for democracy
into four dimensions: supports for democratic principles, performance
of democracy, democratic institutions and personnel in democratic
government. Following Lijphart works (Lijphart 1999), we believe
consensus oriented institutions due to their nature of inclusiveness
are better tools to raise public support. Unlike previous works,
however, we hypothesize that not only do each institution make diverse
influences on public support but also they are differently embodied in
each dimension of democratic support. Our project will reveals more
complicated patterns of institutional impacts on democratic support,
which has been hidden in the previous studies. Ultimately, it will
contribute to enrich current theory and knowledge of institutional

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 34 words || 
4. Carrillo, Ulises. "Can Multicultural Societies Effectively Sustain Policies of Egalitarian Redistribution Among Their Citizens? Ethnic and Religious Fragmentation and Their Effects on the Provision of Welfare" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The political economy literature provides evidence on ethnic diversity as an important determinant of economic growth. This essay extends some propositions to try to assess whether ethnic diversity affects the commitment to welfare spending.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 13 pages || Words: 2492 words || 
5. Dekker, Willem. "Theorizing on the Causes of Coercive Effect: Levels of Analysis, Coercive Mechanisms and the Causation of Coercive Effect" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper argues that we need to distinguish between three levels of analysis with which theories of compellence can deal. It is the lowest level of analysis that has received the least attention in the literature. This lowest level is however crucial for understanding how military force can create an effect on the opponent’s policy, as this is the level where coercive mechanisms link coercive actions to coercive effects.Using the preliminary results of my comparison of compellence by air power in operation Allied Force in 1999 and the Israeli attempt to coerce Lebanon in 2006, this paper claims that explaining the causation of coercive effect is necessary but not sufficient for explaining compellence success and failure. Since three different levels of analysis need to be distinguished, an explanation of compellence success and failure must take the dynamics on all three levels into account. In empirical research on compellence this distinction between causation of coercive effect and causation of compellence success is structurally overlooked, leading to flawed analysis.This paper maintains that empirical analysis of coercive mechanisms is the key to explaining part of the dynamics of compellence–the causes of coercive effect. Coercive mechanisms form the crucial link between coercive action and coercive effect. What goes for air power goes for all coercive actions: in order to understand how a particular coercive action leads to coercive effect, we need to know what coercive mechanisms it can trigger and how this is achieved.

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