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2011 - American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law Words: 102 words || 
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1. Hamm, Joseph., Wylie, Lindsey., Brank, Eve. and Tomkins, Alan. "Measuring elder trust in the courts and police: Implications for elder abuse reporting" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law, Hyatt Regency Miami, Miami, FL, Mar 02, 2011 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p482675_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Elder abuse is a serious problem in our country and yet is often under-reported. States have attempted to address this problem with mandatory reporting statutes, but have had limited success. The current research applies public trust in institutions, which has been shown to be associated with victim reporting behavior in previous research, to the issue of elder abuse reporting. The specific aims of this research are to (1) develop tools to measure elder trust in the police and courts, and (2) to evaluate their potential association with elder abuse reporting by victims themselves, instead of reliance on third parties.

2006 - Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists Words: 445 words || 
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2. Sing, Merrile., Miller, Edward. and Banthin, Jessica. "The Effect of Insurance on the Demand for Prescription Drugs by the Elderly and Near-Elderly" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists, TBA, Madison, WI, USA, Jun 04, 2006 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p93456_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Rationale: Many people under age 65 have drug coverage through private group health insurance plans or Medicaid. Medicare beneficiaries are less likely to have drug coverage, and some obtain coverage through less generous, individually-purchased private plans. Medicare begins covering outpatient prescription drugs in 2006, when Medicare Part D becomes effective. The institution of Part D will increase access to drugs for some beneficiaries, but some beneficiaries may lose more generous drug coverage as some employer-sponsored retiree health plans discontinue coverage.

Objectives: To provide insight into the possible effects of Medicare Part D, this paper examines how prescription drug expenditures for the elderly and near elderly (those aged 55 to 64) are affected by different types of prescription drug coverage. We include the near-elderly because they will soon become Medicare beneficiaries, and policymakers are also interested in their demand for drugs.

Methods: We examine the effects of drug coverage on drug expenditures for elderly and near-elderly with econometric models estimated with data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), a nationally-representative database of the civilian non-institutionalized population in the U.S. Our models control for a wide variety of observed characteristics that differ across insurance groups, such as income, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education and health status. We distinguish between those with relatively generous drug coverage from Medicaid, employer-sponsored plans and Medicare HMOs, those with less generous coverage from individually-purchased plans, and those who have no coverage because they are uninsured or are covered only by Medicare (before 2006). We use two approaches to correct for the endogeneity of insurance status. First, we control for an important source of omitted variables bias by including variables that measure individuals’ attitudes toward risk and health care. Second, we develop several instruments for insurance coverage, such as Medicare HMO penetration rates, various measures of assets, and Food Stamp eligibility. We also use a therapeutic classification scheme to examine the demand for a few large classes of drugs of policy interest, such as statins. Although other studies have examined these issues, none have included the near-elderly in their analysis, used MEPS data, or included variables that measure individuals’ attitudes toward risk.

Preliminary Findings: At a point in time, approximately 70 percent of the near-elderly have prescription drug coverage through a private group health insurance plan or Medicaid. In contrast, approximately one-third of Medicare enrollees have prescription drug coverage through these relatively generous sources. From 1996 to 2002, the average prescription drug expenditure for the near-elderly increased from approximately $590 to $1,215 in constant 2002 dollars. During this same period, prescription drug expenditures increased from approximately $795 to $1,507 for Medicare enrollees.

2011 - American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law Words: 98 words || 
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3. Walker, Stephannie., Duggins, Kimberly. and Nunez, Narina. "A gray matter: Sentencing disparities between elderly and non-elderly homicide perpetrators" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law, Hyatt Regency Miami, Miami, FL, Mar 02, 2011 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p483198_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: When most people hear of an elderly person involved in a homicide, they are likely to assume he or she is the victim rather than the perpetrator. However, with the rapid increase in the age of the American population due to the baby-boomer generation, elder-committed homicide is becoming a very real scenario. The purpose of the current research is to examine disparities in the verdict and sentencing of elderly homicide perpetrators. This study will test how the age and mental status of the homicide perpetrator impact pre- and post- jury verdict decisions. Preliminary results are examined and discussed.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 137 words || 
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4. Jackson, Shelly. "Financial Abuse of Elderly People versus Other Forms of Elder Abuse: Assessing Their Dynamics, Risk Factors, and Society's Response" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p517601_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines the financial exploitation of elderly people compared to other forms of elder maltreatment in a domestic setting. Two significant conclusions are drawn. First, the maltreatment of elderly persons differs by type of abuse. Second, the maltreatment of elderly persons involves an interactive relationship between the perpetrator and the victim. These conclusions have important implications for theory development that pertains to the maltreatment of elderly persons. A theory for each type of maltreatment is developed, which aim to account for the behavior of both the elderly person and the perpetrator. These theories are intended to begin the process of improving theory-based understanding of various types of elderly abuse. The study also examines the consequences of abuse and exploitation of the elderly and makes recommendations pertaining to improved training for APS caseworkers and criminal justice officials.

2015 - Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 118 words || 
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5. Cerqueira, Marília. and Rodrigues, Roberto. "HIV/AIDS and elderly: results of interviews with elderly living with the virus in Brazil" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p990149_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The objective of this article is to identify the factors associated with the vulnerability of the elderly aged 60 years or more to HIV/AIDS, based on in-depth interviews. The research question was “which factors are associated with the vulnerability of the elderly to HIV/AIDS, considering the demographic dynamics and the aging population?” The aged interviewed showed low level of education, low income, are or were in marital union, and have perceptions and behaviors grounded in structural gender relations with asymmetry of power. The lack of information reaches all levels of vulnerability. Most aged interviewed are sexually active, but few of them declared to protect themselves by using condoms. The results show low responsiveness of the elderly to vulnerability.

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