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2015 - Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 118 words || 
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1. Cerqueira, Marília. and Rodrigues, Roberto. "HIV/AIDS and elderly: results of interviews with elderly living with the virus in Brazil" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p990149_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The objective of this article is to identify the factors associated with the vulnerability of the elderly aged 60 years or more to HIV/AIDS, based on in-depth interviews. The research question was “which factors are associated with the vulnerability of the elderly to HIV/AIDS, considering the demographic dynamics and the aging population?” The aged interviewed showed low level of education, low income, are or were in marital union, and have perceptions and behaviors grounded in structural gender relations with asymmetry of power. The lack of information reaches all levels of vulnerability. Most aged interviewed are sexually active, but few of them declared to protect themselves by using condoms. The results show low responsiveness of the elderly to vulnerability.

2006 - Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists Words: 445 words || 
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2. Sing, Merrile., Miller, Edward. and Banthin, Jessica. "The Effect of Insurance on the Demand for Prescription Drugs by the Elderly and Near-Elderly" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists, TBA, Madison, WI, USA, Jun 04, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p93456_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Rationale: Many people under age 65 have drug coverage through private group health insurance plans or Medicaid. Medicare beneficiaries are less likely to have drug coverage, and some obtain coverage through less generous, individually-purchased private plans. Medicare begins covering outpatient prescription drugs in 2006, when Medicare Part D becomes effective. The institution of Part D will increase access to drugs for some beneficiaries, but some beneficiaries may lose more generous drug coverage as some employer-sponsored retiree health plans discontinue coverage.

Objectives: To provide insight into the possible effects of Medicare Part D, this paper examines how prescription drug expenditures for the elderly and near elderly (those aged 55 to 64) are affected by different types of prescription drug coverage. We include the near-elderly because they will soon become Medicare beneficiaries, and policymakers are also interested in their demand for drugs.

Methods: We examine the effects of drug coverage on drug expenditures for elderly and near-elderly with econometric models estimated with data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), a nationally-representative database of the civilian non-institutionalized population in the U.S. Our models control for a wide variety of observed characteristics that differ across insurance groups, such as income, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education and health status. We distinguish between those with relatively generous drug coverage from Medicaid, employer-sponsored plans and Medicare HMOs, those with less generous coverage from individually-purchased plans, and those who have no coverage because they are uninsured or are covered only by Medicare (before 2006). We use two approaches to correct for the endogeneity of insurance status. First, we control for an important source of omitted variables bias by including variables that measure individuals’ attitudes toward risk and health care. Second, we develop several instruments for insurance coverage, such as Medicare HMO penetration rates, various measures of assets, and Food Stamp eligibility. We also use a therapeutic classification scheme to examine the demand for a few large classes of drugs of policy interest, such as statins. Although other studies have examined these issues, none have included the near-elderly in their analysis, used MEPS data, or included variables that measure individuals’ attitudes toward risk.

Preliminary Findings: At a point in time, approximately 70 percent of the near-elderly have prescription drug coverage through a private group health insurance plan or Medicaid. In contrast, approximately one-third of Medicare enrollees have prescription drug coverage through these relatively generous sources. From 1996 to 2002, the average prescription drug expenditure for the near-elderly increased from approximately $590 to $1,215 in constant 2002 dollars. During this same period, prescription drug expenditures increased from approximately $795 to $1,507 for Medicare enrollees.

2006 - American Society of Criminology (ASC) Words: 165 words || 
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3. tascar, diana. "Elder Abuse: Identifying the Causes of Maltreatment of the Elderly" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, Oct 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p161726_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: With the increasing population of senior citizens, more and more of our nation’s elderly are in need of quality care from either family members or care facilities. With this increase comes the increase of abuse of this segment of the population. Little sociological research has been done in this area to help us understand why one would commit such a deplorable crime against the helpless in this population. The issue of elder abuse has traditionally been mainly discussed in the light of the media rather than empirically researched. As the increased need for care for the elderly is steadily growing, sociological research is desperately needed in order to identify the causes of elder abuse and help stop it before it starts. By identifying the causes of elder abuse and looking at the criminological theory behind why one would commit such a crime, we can begin to illuminate the areas that can be changed in order to halt this growing problem.

2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 13490 words || 
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4. Dogruel, Leyla., Bowman, Nicholas. and Joeckel, Sven. "Elderly People and Morality in Virtual Worlds: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Elderly People’s Morality in Interactive Media" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 25, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p490459_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The current study examines the culpability of elderly people's innate moral foundations in two different countries (US, Germany) to see whether or not morality would influence decisions and subsequent enjoyment in an interactive media environment. Morality was assessed relying on Moral Foundations Theory (cf. Haidt & Joseph, 2007), which to this point had not been applied to cross-cultural research or interactive media. In an experimental design, participants (N = 78) were confronted with a computer simulation, where they could decide to violate or uphold morality. Data suggest that Germans and Americans differ in their moral foundations. For both, increased moral salience leads to a decrease in decisions to commit moral violations, while decreased moral salience leads to random decisions related to moral violations. Results for enjoyment were less clear. We conclude that elderly people at least partially transfer real-world moral foundations to virtual worlds.

2017 - American Society of Criminology Words: 167 words || 
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5. Jung, Sang Gyu., Ju, Hyoseon., Kim, Namgyu. and Lee, Sanghun. "Elder-Perpetrated Crime; and a Policy Agenda for Treating Elderly Prisoner" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 14, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1290618_index.html>
Publication Type: Roundtable Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: According to Sociologist Esping Anderson, the greatest aim of social welfare policy lies in protecting humans from the cries of life. Social welfare policy, along with family and local community, is a safety net minimizing crises in life. Although Korean society is entering a highly industrialized phase, its social welfare policy is based on the traditional extended family, the disruption of which serves as an obstacle to the advancement of social welfare. As the population continues to age, Korean society-having formerly included many “aged ones”– is entering a phase in which society includes many “very old people of great age.” This trend affects the demographics of domestic prisons as well as it does the demographics of other social welfare programs. This increase in elder-perpetrated crimes is leading to a rise in the number of older inmates. In consequence, a policy agenda for treating them is emerging as a main concern of correctional authorities along with social welfare experts' concerns regarding ensuring the welfare of an aging society.

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