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2019 - LASA Words: 248 words || 
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1. Araujo, Natalia. "Políticas públicas para crianças e adolescentes em situação de rua: estudo das práticas e intervenções dos técnicos em políticas de proteção social em Belo Horizonte" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the LASA, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, USA, May 24, 2019 <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1463581_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Em Belo Horizonte, na década de 1990, houve uma restruturação organizacional na administração do município para que se implementasse uma política de assistência condizente com o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente e a Lei Orgânica de Assistência Social. Especificamente sobre crianças em situação de rua tem-se a criação de uma rede de atendimento integrada composta por serviços da Prefeitura e organizações não governamentais. Contudo, estas mudanças foram acompanhadas de uma escassez de investimento orçamentário e humano ocasionando uma gestão sem sistematicidade, sem clareza, através de iniciativas pontuais organizadas pelo corpo de funcionários o que provocou “visões conflitantes de um mesmo problema e apropriações dos objetivos e dos papéis dos atores envolvidos segundo seus interesses, pontos de vista profissional e prioridades”. (COSTA & CARNEIRO, 2004. Pág. 4). Pensando que os profissionais destas instituições precisam lidar com pressões, como a escassez de recursos, cobranças para responder aos objetivos e metas dos programas, além da necessidade de negociar com o público atendido, a pesquisa tem como objetivo entender como estes funcionários constroem suas condutas, baseadas em um poder discricional, tendo como centralidade a tensão que é o papel da rua, tanto para eles quanto para o público atendido. A rua nesta pesquisa é entendida como um local com alto grau de ambiguidade porque aparece ao mesmo tempo como lugar de atuação profissional, como elemento estruturante na identidade do público atendido e no processo de socialização destes jovens, além de lugar que precisa ser negado a todo momento, mas também negociado.

2017 - AEJMC Pages: unavailable || Words: 6955 words || 
Info
2. Wen, Jing (Taylor). "Scare’em or Irritate’em: Congruity between Emotions and Message Framing Promotes Advertising Engagement and Message Evaluation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AEJMC, Chicago Marriott Downtown Magnificent Mile, Chicago, IL, Aug 09, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1282691_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Emotional messages can capture audience’s attention and therefore be persuasive. Building on prior studies, this research examined the interplay between emotion types (anger vs. fear) and message framing (gain vs. loss) on individuals’ responses to different advertising messages. Experimental results revealed that individuals reported more favorable attitudes toward a fear appeal with a gain-framed message whereas individuals had more positive attitude toward an anger appeal with a loss-framed message. Additionally, increased in advertising engagement drives the observed improvement in attitudes toward the ad. These findings suggest direct implications for advertising design.

2017 - The 13th International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 97 words || 
Info
3. Hamm, James. "Life in EMS, Understanding communication of EMS providers through ethnography." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The 13th International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 17, 2017 <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1231367_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: I am going to be working on research dealing with Emergency Medical Services and looking at the way that people communicate in this field through ethnography. I am involved in EMS as a provider and am interested in learning more about why we communicate the way we communicate, and I am new to the field of ethnography and want to learn more about ethnography. This is the journey of an undergraduate student as he learns how EMS providers communicate by using ethnography in order to better understand by research the communication of this community of providers.

2006 - National Association of EMS Physicians Words: 360 words || 
Info
4. Gavin, Thomas. and Richardson, Shoshone. "EMS & Concealed Carry: Are Ohio EMS Providers Prepared?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, Registry Resort, Naples, FL, <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p61910_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Background: There are anecdotal reports and well-documented studies demonstrating that EMS providers routinely encounter firearms while doing their jobs. In April 2004, Ohio’s Carry Conceal law took effect allowing citizens to legally carry a concealed handgun.
Object: The purpose of this study is to determine whether this same disparity exists among the EMS systems of Ohio, especially in light of the recent passing of a “shall issue” concealed carry weapon law.
Methods: This was a descriptive survey anonymously completed by a convenience sample of EMS providers in the State of Ohio. A survey was sent to every agency listed in the Ohio Directory of EMS agencies. They could completed the survey on a web site or return it to the investigators. The survey determined to be exempt by our IRB.
Results: 23% of surveys were completed (323/1420). 98% of respondents were aware that any citizen in Ohio who received training and a permit may carry a concealed weapon. 27% of the respondents stated their agency recommends personnel to routinely search patients for weapons while transporting to a medical facility and 17% of the respondents have found a firearm on a patient during the last 12 months. Half of the respondents have written policies regarding the removal and/or dispensing of concealed firearms found on patients being transported to a medical facility. While 66% have worked with their local police departments to develop a plan when encountering a patient legally carrying a firearm, only 51% have developed a plan with their local hospitals. Although only 24% have attended formal firearms training, another 10% plan to attend a class within six months.
Conclusions: In the first year alone, over 45,000 people applied for a permit to carry a concealed weapon in the State of Ohio. Although most responding EMS agencies are aware of the potential for more weapons to be found legally carried on their patients, only half the agencies have written policies regarding the safe removal and transportation of a weapon and only half of the agencies have coordinated with their receiving hospitals on what to do with a weapon

2006 - National Association of EMS Physicians Words: 324 words || 
Info
5. Carroll, Victoria. "The Impact of EMS System Over-Utilization on a Large Urban EMS Service" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, Registry Resort, Naples, FL, <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p64907_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: INTRODUCTION:
Inappropriate use of ambulance transport continues to be problematic. It is estimated that 11-61% of transports are not medically necessary.2
OBJECTIVES:
To demonstrate the financial impact of EMS system over-utilization.
DESIGN: This study was a retrospective chart review of EMS patient care forms over a 6 month period from March 1, 2004 through September 1, 2004. Medical necessity was determined using criteria similar to those established by the Neely Conference. A cost analysis was then used to determine cost to the system.
SETTING: A large urban hospital-based EMS service serving an area of 132 square miles with a population of 420,000.
PARTICIPANTS: A query was performed to identify ten patients who generated the largest number of EMS responses during this time frame.
RESULTS:
297 patient care forms were identified. Of the 297 patient care forms reviewed, there were 292 transports (98.3%) and 5 (1.7%) refusals. Of the 292 transports, 72 (24.6%) were found to be medically necessary. Of the patient refusals, only one was found to meet criteria for medical necessity. The chief complaints for the 73 patient care forms that met medical necessity criteria included 26 (35.6%) for chest pain, 10 (13.7%) for syncope, 12 (16.4%) for hyperglycemia, 2 (2.7%) for hypoglycemia with altered mental status, 6 (8.2%) for altered mental status, 1(1.4%) for respiratory distress, 13 (17.8%) for suicidal ideation, 1 (1.4%) for toxic ingestion, 5 (6.8%) for abnormal vital signs, 1 (1.4%) for trauma, and 2 (2.7%) for abdominal pain.
The cost for those patient transports and refusals determined not to meet criteria for medical necessity totaled $63,493.76 including 220 transports and 4 refusals. The cost for those transports and refusals that did meet criteria for medical necessity totaled $20,718.95 including 72 transports and one refusal. The combined total for these ten patients over a 6 month period was $84,212.71.
CONCLUSIONS:
EMS system over-utilization continues to be problematic. Based on these observations, over-utilization has a significant impact on EMS system finances as well as design.

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