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2017 - Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference Words: 250 words || 
1. Ong, Jiayun Elvin. "Electoral Manipulation, Opposition Power, and Institutional Change: Contesting for EMB Reform in Singapore, Malaysia, and Cambodia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Authoritarian regimes that organize unfree and unfair elections are now one of the most common regime types in the world. These regimes exert control over their respective electoral management bodies (EMBs) to perpetuate electoral manipulation and ensure that the odds of electoral success are always in their favor. Although civil society and opposition parties oftentimes attempt to pressure autocrats to reform EMBs, their efforts and outcomes exhibit significant variation across countries. In Singapore, civil society’s despairing calls for EMB reform have fallen onto deaf ears. Thus, EMB reform in the country has been non-existent. In Malaysia, a vigorous social movement – BERSIH – was initially successful at compelling the government to initiate a series of reforms in 2012. Yet, the resulting institutional changes have since decayed into perfunctory sideshows. In Cambodia, the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party successfully extracted clear EMB reform concessions from the regime in 2014. But repression since then suggest that the hard won reforms maybe rendered useless. By undertaking a controlled comparison of EMB reform in these three countries, this paper argues that the saliency of electoral manipulation and the concentration of opposition power explain why struggles for institutional change in these three Southeast Asian electoral authoritarian regimes have been so remarkably diverse, but have also proven to be similarly precarious. This paper thus contributes to the enduring social science literature on the processes of democratization, and also highlights the contemporary challenges for opposition forces demanding free and fair elections in today’s resilient electoral authoritarian regimes.

2007 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: 30 pages || Words: 9364 words || 
2. Fahmy, Shahira. and Johnson, Tom. "On second thought: A longitudinal analysis of how embeds assess influences & performance in reporting the Iraq War" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, The Renaissance, Washington, DC, Aug 08, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study aimed to determine how well embedded reporters perceived they covered the Iraq War and whether those attitudes have changed over time. While findings suggested embeds continue to judge their overall performance as positively in 2005/06 as 2004, respondents largely recognized problems with the embedding process. Further, data analysis suggested that individual level factors, extramedia factors and ideological factors were perceived as more influential on reporting the Iraq War after President Bush declared victory in May 2003 than before that declaration.

2010 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 496 words || 
3. Hoyano, Hatsuko. "“Importance to re-embed local knowledge in river management policy”" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Aug 25, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The framework of Japanese river management policy today is based on the hydraulic engineering, which involves flood control with artificial structures such as banks or dams. It employs a scientific methodology of a mathematical simulation model to convert the amount of flow from the rain precipitation. This kind of scientific framework helps river managers to justify public investment to explan the effects of flood control measures. Yet, too much dependency on scientific and engineering knowledge leads to the consequences that ignore local knowledge and technologies for mitigating floods, and hinders the residents from receiving a variety of benefits from the river basin. In other words, the river management policy today on the basis of scientific knowledge may not be making maximum use of the affluences from the river basin ecosystem, for the sake of protecting the life of the residents. Therefore, this study questions “What are the alternative idea for changing the river management?” In a quest for the answer, it is important to analyze ‘local knowledge’ as an opposing idea to scientific knowledge.
The findings from the case study on Togawa River Basin located in Shimosuwa Town in the central Nagano prefecture, indicate the importance of local knowledge for the river basin ecosystem management. The study on the local history and findings form the interviews of local people tells that there used to be the residents’ deep involvement in ecosystem of the river basin with two main dimensions: benefits and risks. They benefitted from the extraction of natural resources like green fertilizer,, irrigation water,, while accepting the risks of natural disasters caused by flooding. The communities knew how to deal with local nature until the modernization in the Meiji Period. Besides, the the basin has been a culturally important place for the communities as a location for offering the sacred trees and carrying out the traditional festival Onbashira-matsuri’of Suwa Taisha. which has been the source of the unity of this region.
The case study argues the importance of conventional river basin management among residents that modified its ecosystem balancing between the benefits and risks derived from the basin. Those techniques accumulated from the local experiences should be considered as ‘local knowledge’ as opposed to scientific knowledge.
There is a possibility that local knowledge on river basin management will be revaluated through the concept of ecosystem services of Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. The local knowledge that balances benefits and risks of ecosystem is regarded not as ‘trade off’ use among ecosystem services, but as a system of comprehensive use of ecosystem services.
From the view point of ‘local knowledge’ revaluated through the concept of ecosystem services, the study proposes the path for the alternative idea of river management, which implies a shift from the heavily dependency on scientific knowledge. Revaluation of ‘local knowledge’ through the concept of ecosystem services contributes not only to finding the alternative idea of river management, but also to the STS literature.

2015 - Advocating for the Silenced: The Educators’ Vocation Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
4. Gilpatrick, Marjaneh. and Rickey, Deborah. "Teaching Diversity from the Inside Out and How to Embed a Global Perspective in our Teacher Education Programs" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Advocating for the Silenced: The Educators’ Vocation, Hyatt Regency Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, Feb 13, 2015 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Multiple Paper Format
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Explore how personal reflection can lead teacher candidates to identify and plan concrete steps to create and maintain a culturally responsive classroom based on one’s personal diverse classroom and community.

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