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2011 - Northeastern Political Science Association Words: 121 words || 
1. Palubinskas, Ginta. "The Third Energy Package: How effective is the EU’s new energy policy in ensuring EU energy security?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Crowne Plaza, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 17, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The EU’s “Third Energy Package” entered into force on September 3, 2009 with the aim of creating a single EU gas and electricity market which would help keep prices low, increase standards of service and insure security of supply. Unbundling – the separation of electricity networks and gas pipelines from production – was seen as a way of increasing transparency in the retail market, as well as a means of ensuring that companies involved in production and transmission of energy supplies could not, as operators of transmission networks, block their competitors from accessing the networks. This paper examines EU progress in implementing the “Third Energy Package,” and assesses the importance and effectiveness of unbundling in ensuring EU energy security.

2015 - 4S Annual Meeting – Denver Words: 370 words || 
2. Abutaha, Rimal. and Daim, Tugrul. "Evaluation of Energy Policy Instruments for the Adoption of Renewable Energy: Case of wind energy in the Pacific Northwest U.S" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting – Denver, Sheraton Downtown, Denver, CO, Nov 11, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The wide use of renewable energy technologies for generating electricity can be seen as one way of meeting environmental and climate change challenges along with a progression to a low-carbon economy. A large number of policy instruments have been formed and employed to support the adoption of renewable energy technologies in the power generation sector. However, the success of these policies in achieving their goals relies on how effective they are in satisfying their targets and thus increasing renewable energy adoption. One measurement for effectiveness of policy instruments can be their contribution to the input of the process of renewable energy adoption and their effect on satisfying regional goal.
The objective of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of energy policy instruments on increasing the adoption of renewable energy by developing a comprehensive evaluation model. Criteria used in this assessment depend on five perspectives that are perceived by decision makers as important for adoption process. The decision model linked the perspectives to policy targets and various energy policy instruments. These perspectives are: economic, social, political, environmental and technical. The research implemented the hierarchical decision model (HDM) to construct a generalized policy assessment framework. Data for wind energy adoption in the Pacific Northwest region were collected as a case study and application for the model. Experts’ qualitative judgments were collected and quantified using the pair-wise comparison method and the final rankings and effectiveness of policy alternatives with respect to the mission were identified. Results of this research identified economic feasibility improvement of renewable energy projects as the most influential perspective and that renewable portfolio standards and tax credits are the two most effective criteria to accomplish that. The research also applied sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis to identify the effect of regional perspectives future priority changes on determining the most effective policy for this perspective. Results showed that renewable portfolio standards and tax credits were found to be the two most effective policies among the alternatives assessed. The research model and outcome can serve as policy check tool in policy making for renewable energy development in any region. Based on the overall research findings, policymakers can apply specific policy instruments to support adoption efforts for any given scenario and regional emphasis.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 30 pages || Words: 11880 words || 
3. Sung, Hui-Yin. "Governing EU Energy Security: The Struggle between Securing Energy Supply and Reducing Energy Dependence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of EU energy governance under its
commitment of climate leadership since 1990. With the problem of climate change
and gradual depletion of fossil fuels, energy governance is getting more challenging.
The reluctance of EU member states to transfer their authority of policymaking to the
EU forces them to secure energy supply externally, which undermines their pursuit of
reducing energy dependence. This paper applies the insights from international
relations (IR) theories to explain the predicament of EU energy governance by
investigating the case of EU renewable energy policy.
This paper proceeds in four parts. After brief introduction, definition, and
coding, the second section introduces the main arguments of three mainstream IR
theories that focus on the power, interest and idea variables respectively. The third
section examines the explanatory validity of the three IR theories by analyzing the
policymaking process of the two EU renewable energy directives. This paper
concludes that the reducing energy dependence is necessary. However, it is difficult to
achieve that goal if EU member states are still unwilling to transfer their authority of
promoting renewable energy to the EU.

2010 - North American Association For Environmental Education Words: 136 words || 
4. Tuers, Therese. "Energy Smart Teachers + Energy Smart Students = Energy Smart Families" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Association For Environmental Education, Buffalo Niagara Convention Center, Buffalo, NY, <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: The New York Energy Smart Students program, funded by the New York State Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), has offered a variety of free professional development, curriculum, mini-grants, and technology for the school building and classroom, to New York teachers since 2002. This presentation will describe a program that integrates energy efficiency and renewable energy into K-12 schools, where students actually educate their parents. It will describe the methods used to “prime the pipeline” for NYSERDA’s green workforce development program, to educate the next generation of energy workers and consumers. A new school-to-home booklet, that teaches families ways to reduce their energy consumption and their carbon foot print, will be distributed to each attendee. The processes of developing a camp program, using the environmental learning centers, camps, and 4-H programs, will also be described.

2011 - SASE Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 6439 words || 
5. Zimmerman, Kenneth. "Researching the “Human Dimension” of Energy Use, Energy Efficiency, and Energy Technology: Construction of the “Need” to Go Beyond Science and Technology" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SASE Annual Conference, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain, Madrid, Spain, Jun 23, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There has been for some time in the social sciences an effort to demonstrate that energy use, efficiency, and technology have a distinct and separate human dimension that must be considered and whose areas of concern must be successfully addressed in order to understand and solve our energy problems and reform our energy ways of life. Technology, engineering, and science are separate areas from this human dimension and cannot address its concerns. This discussion has been going on among the various social sciences at least since the 1980s in the US. But in the last few years two changes have occurred. First, acceptance of the notion that there is a human dimension that must be considered in energy use and energy efficiency is more broadly accepted among social scientists. Second, there are now several versions of this human dimension and how it should be defined and studied and how such research results should be applied. This paper first examines each of these matters in turn, attempting to describe as accurately as possible the origins and trajectory of the human dimension for energy use and efficiency, its features and characteristics, how it should be studied, and how the research on this dimension ought to impact policy decision making. Next the paper looks into the several versions of energy’s human dimension now vying for attention and control in the social sciences. Next the paper considers the benefits for understanding and policy that are claimed to flow from the examination and study of the human dimension of energy use and efficiency. Finally, the paper concludes with a description of the process through which social scientists have arrived at the belief in a human dimension of energy as well as some of the problems and limitations of this belief.

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