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2006 - International Communication Association Pages: 40 pages || Words: 9457 words || 
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1. Trepte, Sabine. "Cultural Proximity in Media Entertainment: An Eight-Country Study on the Relationship of Culture and the Evaluation of TV Entertainment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Jun 16, 2006 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p90713_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In previous research cultural proximity has been operationalized by ‘hard facts’ such as geographical distance, the exchange of goods or persons (tourists and immigrants) and the similarity of political systems. This paper will try to complement current work in the field by suggesting a new operationalization derived from Hofstede’s (1991) cultural dimensions. He defined four different cultural dimensions that are based on work and life values: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism and masculinity/femininity. A survey was conducted in eight countries with a student sample (N = 325) to find out if international audiences, which resemble each other in terms of Hofstede’s (1991) cultural dimensions, have similar attitudes towards television entertainment. It was asked if either common operationalizations such as geographical distance or Hofstede’s cultural dimensions work better to indicate cultural proximity. The results show that Hofstede’s four cultural dimensions significantly differentiate between the U.S.A., Asian and European countries in a student population. However, operationalizations based on geographical distance allow a better differentiation between cultures in terms of how they evaluate TV entertainment. It will be discussed if cultural dimensions in general are able to measure cultural proximity and if it makes sense to complement the current understanding and operationalizations in this respect.

2010 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: unavailable || Words: 7904 words || 
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2. Magee, Sara. "Piloting Entertainment News: “Entertainment Tonight” and its Lasting Impact on Television News Programs" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, The Denver Sheraton, Denver, CO, Aug 04, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p433549_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For more than 25 years “Entertainment Tonight” has reflected the debate over news and entertainment. Decisions made early on by its creators are forerunners to how television news and entertainment programs are produced today. This paper takes a historical look at the little known period during 1981 when “ET” was created. Through personal interviews it showcases the struggles faced in bringing this program to life and its impact on media for generations to come.

2010 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 8362 words || 
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3. Yoo, Jina. and Tian, Yan. "Effects of Entertainment (Mis)education: Exposure to Entertainment Television Programs and Organ Donation Intention" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, Jun 21, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399305_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study investigates antecedents and outcomes of entertainment television consumption in organ donation with the Orientation1-Stimulus-Orientation2-Response (O1-S-O2 -R) model. It reveals that organ donation knowledge seems significantly related to recall of entertainment television programs and attitudes toward organ donation. Meanwhile, recall of entertainment television programs significantly predicts people’s perception of medical mistrust, which in turn negatively predicts attitudes toward organ donation, while attitudes toward organ donation significantly predict behavioral intention in signing a donor card. It also suggests significant mediation relationships among the pre-orientation variable, stimulus, post-orientation variable, and attitudinal and behavioral outcomes. This study provides an integrative theoretical framework to study media effects on organ donation and empirical evidence for “entertainment miseducation” (Morgan et al., 2007).

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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4. Rasul, Azmat. and Raney, Arthur. "Dramatically Entertained: Effects of Exposure to Fictional Political Entertainment and the Attitude Toward Female Politicians" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, Jun 09, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1109224_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this study, we explored the relationship between exposure motives to fictional entertainment and attitude towards female lead characters. Since habitual exposure to fictional entertainment is pervasive in all societies, and audiences, especially young adults, cultivate gender realities based on the fictional narratives in movies and primetime drama, the objective of this article is to explore causal interactions between exposure to counterstereotypical fictional drama and attitude toward female politicians. To understand the processes through which exposure to prime time drama culminates in an attitudinal change, the current study also proposes an SEM model to explicate the role of essential mediating variables such as identification, transportation into the narrative, enjoyment, and political self-efficacy, and focuses on direct and indirect effects between media use motivations and attitude toward female politicians.

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