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2011 - BEA Pages: unavailable || Words: 6738 words || 
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1. Lind, Rebecca., Swenson-Lepper, Tammy. and Rarick, David. "Ethics in Media Education: How Attention to Ethical Issues Can Increase Students’ Ethical Sensitivity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the BEA, Las Vegas Hilton, Las Vegas, NV, Apr 09, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p495168_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper/Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper reports on two studies using pretest-posttest methods to investigate whether college students' sensitivity to ethical issues in TV news changes after exposure to media ethics issues in college courses. A total of 299 students viewed and responded to an actual TV news story either at the beginning or near the end of either a media ethics course (Study 1, n=32) or a lower-division introductory media course (Study 2, n=267). Ethical sensitivity was measured by applying cognitive mapping techniques to written responses to a set of funnel-sequenced open-ended questions about the story. Changes in ethical sensitivity were investigated via t-tests, comparing responses provided at the beginning of the course to responses provided near the end of the course. In both Study 1 and Study 2, we discovered statistically significant increases in the mention of all of the indicators of ethical sensitivity (awareness of story characteristics, ethical issues, consequences, and stakeholders) at the end of the course. We also found increases in the extent to which students made connections or linkages among the four indicators listed above.

2005 - International Communication Association Pages: 36 pages || Words: 8044 words || 
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2. Plaisance, Patrick. "An Assessment of Media Ethics Education: Course Content and the Values and Ethical Ideologies of Media Ethics Students" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY, Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p12281_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study seeks to address the dearth of efforts in mass communications research to assess the efficacy of curriculum by examining the value systems and ethical ideologies of media ethics students. A pre-post-test survey of 106 students enrolled in a media ethics course in 2001, 2003 and 2004 found significant changes in how students ranked values such as “Fair,” “Independent,” “Aboveboard” and “Avoiding harm” at the beginning of the course compared with at the end. The study also found significant decreases in students’ degrees of idealism and relativism after taking the course, though degrees of both remained high overall.

2008 - NCA 94th Annual Convention Pages: 3 pages || Words: 489 words || 
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3. Fredricks, Susan., Bowen, Karrie. and Hornett, Andrea. "Assessing Students Ethical Decisions: The Use of Communication and Business Ethics Scenarios as an Evaluation Tool to Guide Ethics Education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA, Nov 20, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p255410_index.html>
Publication Type: Scholar to Scholar
Abstract: Assessing students’ ability to uncover ethical dilemmas and apply appropriate behavior has become a renewed source of interest for faculty, curriculum development, courses and associations. Preliminary presentations and publications tested Communication and Business students on three scenarios that assessed variables affecting and reinforcing ethical decisions (Hornett & Fredricks, 2005). This poster session expands upon the original assessment tool by incorporating additional student developed scenarios as a means to further assess their ethical decision making processes.

2010 - NCA 96th Annual Convention Words: 272 words || 
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4. May, Steve. "Activating Ethical Engagement in Organizations: Negotiating Ethical Tensions and Practices in a Business Ethics Initiative" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p421096_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: May provides a detailed examination of an intervention he designed and conducted to enhance the ethical culture of a diversified media corporation with more than 500 employees, located in the southeastern United States. May notes that past research on communication activism has devoted little attention to business ethics. In his “Ethics at Work Initiative,” he proposes five practices of ethical engagement within an organization: dialogic communication, transparency, employee participation, ethical courage, and accountability. Through the use of pre- and post-intervention questionnaires examining employees’ perceptions of these five ethical practices, he documents increases in employees’ perceptions of the company’s commitment to these practices. In addition, working with employees through the use of focus groups, May helped to develop an organizational values statement and ethics code. Other organizational changes linked to the initiative included an ethics-oriented performance appraisal and training in ethics for new and continuing employees. Finally, on the basis of this (and other) intervention work in organizations, May explores three major dialectical tensions in organizational engagement: (a) a foundational–situational ethics tension (focusing, in part, on whether consistent ethical behaviors could be established or whether ethical behaviors need to be context specific); (b) an individual–organizational ethical tension (focusing, in part, on whether the source of ethical decision making exists at the individual or organizational level); and (c) an ethics–performance ethics tension (focusing, in part, on whether priority should be given to ethical decision making or to the organizational need for profits). May discusses how he sought to manage these tensions and, simultaneously, strengthen the ethical culture at the media company. May concludes with lessons learned from this research study about organizational communication activism.

2019 - 4S Annual Meeting Words: 216 words || 
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5. Bay, Morten. "What Tech Ethics? Situating the Ethics Wave in Tech within Classic Ethics Theory" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting, Hotel Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, Sep 04, 2019 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1527815_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Everybody is talking about getting more ethics into tech. But what ethics? In recent years, large technology companies such as Google, Apple and Microsoft have touted new ethics initiatives as a response to the so-called “techlash” and the general push for more ethical practices in the industry. But many of the new ethics charters and guidelines are constructed form a standpoint of practical application in specific situations related to the companies’ area of business. They are not rooted in the general, academic discourse on and philosophical inquiry into ethics, and these new initiatives are thus isolated to the specific practices of the company. In this paper presentation, the author argues that expressions of tech ethics cannot be effective or socially beneficial unless they are situated within established ethical schools of thought. Without such situatedness, there is a high risk of sudden inapplicability of an ethics charter due to changing circumstances – something the rapid change in the technology industry is very conducive to. The author also shows how specific, current ethics declarations from tech companies can be rendered irrelevant by interrogating them with basic questions from academic ethics discourse. Finally, it is shown how these ethics initiatives can be vastly improved by positioning them within ethical lines of thinking such as deontology, utilitarianism and virtue ethics.

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