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2006 - International Studies Association Pages: 22 pages || Words: 6455 words || 
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1. Flockhart, Trine. "The Europeanization of Europe: The transfer of norms to Europe, in Europe, from Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100127_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper adopts a historical sociological perspective to investigate the concept Europeanization in a long-term perspective, which challenges the conventional assumption that Europeanization has its origin in Europe and that it is purely an outward going process. It is argued that although the term ?Europeanization?, suggests a European heritage, that in fact ?Europeanization? can be conceptualized as several different processes of identity constructions where Europeans have been as much on the receiving end of norm socialization as they have been promoters of a specific European norm set. In fact before Europeans could themselves ?Europeanize? they had to develop a European identity through processes of civilization, which although the ideas and inventions on which Europe?s civilization were based had their origin in the East, nevertheless succeeded in constructing Europe as culturally, religiously and racially superior. Following the Second World War, a new form of Europeanization emerged based on new norms (democracy, market economy, human rights, the rule of law, non-discrimination and good governance) and new self/other categorizations, where ironically Europeans have been Europeanized mostly by Americans. The paper ends by speculating on the implications of Globalization on Europeanization ? is Europeanization increasingly becoming an internal process designed to defend the cherished position as Europeans as the ?haves? against the ?have nots? in a globalized world?

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Pages: 21 pages || Words: 9625 words || 
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2. Antoniades, Andreas. "Social Europe and/or Global Europe? Globalisation and Flexicurity as Debates on the Future of Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p313025_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper claims that the European Union (EU) has had a very peculiar relationship with the globalized post-Cold War economic order. On the one hand, the EU was instrumental in bringing about this order. It aggressively promoted (both internally and externally) the principles and policies upon which this economic order has been based. On the other hand, this proactive engagement was translated within the EU into a highly polarized and antagonistic public discourse that led to a serious identity crisis. In this way, it is argued that economic globalization emerged in the EU as a debate on the nature and future of Europe. After 2005, this polarized and antagonistic discourse started to change. The rise of flexicurity, as a new way of thinking about Europe’s place and orientation in the global political economy, has been instrumental in this shift. The paper examines and evaluates these developments and their implications for the European project.

2008 - The Law and Society Association Words: 177 words || 
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3. Trubek, David. "Can an Integrated Europe be a Social Europe? The EU’s Economic Constitution and the Future of Social Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Hilton Bonaventure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 27, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237338_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: There is a widespread view that the process of European integration and the laws and policies of the European Union threaten the long-term viability of the “European Social Model” including rights enshrined in many national constitutions. Proponents argue that European integration creates de jure and de facto barriers to the sustainability of the welfare state. European Union law and processes, it is alleged, destabilize national welfare systems and impose a neo-liberal agenda on Member States. In this view, economic integration unleashes forces that contribute to the lowering of social standards while the EU’s economic constitution places limits of the capacity of both the Union and the Member States to intervene to stem the erosion. While proponents of this view assert that the only way to preserve the welfare state is to centralize social protection at the Union level, this paper argues that such centralization is neither feasible nor desirable, and sets forth an argument for why current law and available forms of alternative governance give the Union and Member States adequate capacity to handle these matters.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 1 pages || Words: 45 words || 
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4. Stivachtis, Yannis. ""Civilizing" the Post-Soviet European Space: A Comparison between the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p252540_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper seeks to understand one of the processes of change taking place in the so-called ‘New Europe’ in its process of enlarging the circle of states whose shared identity and core values of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law, makes them a value-based community with some specific qualities. The specific focus of this paper is ideational change at the domestic level and its consequences at the international level and vice versa. Interest is focused on the adoption of liberal democracy. Therefore, the main question that is addressed in the proposed paper is how and why a democratic norm set seems to have been adopted relatively easily is some Central and East European states, but with considerable difficulty or not at all in other similar states, despite the appearance of similar structural and practical circumstances. In addressing this question, the paper focuses on the way in which the mechanisms of socialization are used by three European organizations, namely the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. In other words, is effective democratization related to the type of socialization mechanism employed?

PLEASE NOTE: This paper has been removed from the archive, a title page with contact information has been posted in place of the paper.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 20 pages || Words: 8147 words || 
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5. Brummer, Klaus. "Inter(b)locking Institutions: The European Union, the Council of Europe and Human Rights Protection in Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p500055_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article seeks to explain variance in the relationships between international organisations. Empirically, the article examines the degree of co-operation and conflict in the interaction between the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe (CoE) in the field of human rights promotion and protection in Europe. Drawing on organisation theory and International Relations (IR) literature on institutional interaction, the article argues that, depending on their intensity, challenges to organisations’ interests lead to different types of institutional interaction (ranging from disruptive to synergistic). The theoretical propositions are tested in three case studies on the interaction between the CoE and the EU concerning the establishment of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, the investigation of CIA activities in Europe and the conducting of ‘joint programmes’. The case studies show how challenges to the CoE’s organisational interests by the EU triggered inter-organisational conflict, whereas the lack of such challenges led to a mutually beneficial interaction.

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