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2016 - 87th SPSA Annual Conference Words: 101 words || 
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1. Naurin, Elin. and Öhberg, Patrik. "Politicians as Rats? Communication with Elite Experiment Subjects on What It Means to be Part of an Experiment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 87th SPSA Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1074968_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper aims at increasing our understanding of how political elites react to being experiment subjects in studies of representation. The recent trend to perform experiments with politicians is – at least where we work – sometimes described as “treating politicians as rats”. Our goal with the paper is methodological and normative: We want to be able to uphold the respectful and trusting relationships that our colleagues have been able to create through decades of professional surveys with Swedish political elites, but at the same time reach the theoretical and empirical gains associated with treating political elites as subjects in experiment.

2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Meltzer, Christine. "Despite Personal Experience? The impact of Personal and Media Experience on the Evaluation on an Event" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1232307_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study tests whether media can exert an impact, if personal experience already exists. Research indicates that media have a bigger impact on those without than on those with personal experience. For those who gained personal experience, it is important whether the media depiction is in line with personal experience or whether it is contradictory. Public opinion research suggests that with incongruent personal experience media can exert an influence when it is perceived as portraying the majority opinion. These assumptions were tested with an experiment (n = 523). Participants and non-participants of an event received a film stimulus (positive, balanced and negative) covering that event. Results show that non-participants are stronger influenced by the film than participants of the event. Yet, even for those with personal experience, media can exert an influence: Participants changed their evaluation of the event accordingly. This effect is mainly mediated via the presumed majority opinion.

2017 - American Society of Criminology Words: 61 words || 
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3. Zajac, Gary., Dawes, Debbie. and Arsenault, Elaine. "The HOPE Implementation Experience in Four Sites: Lessons from the Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement Demonstration Field Experiment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1274296_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: This presentation discusses results from the process evaluation of the recently completed four site NIJ/BJA Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement Demonstration Field Experiment, focusing on the implementation experience at each site. Topics include factors that enabled and challenged implementation, opinions of HOPE from the HOPE team members, group dynamics in which the implementation was embedded, sustainability prospects, and other issues.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: 26 pages || Words: 6556 words || 
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4. Yamada, Kyohei. and gerber, alan. "Field Experiment, Politics, and Culture: Testing Social Psychological Theories regarding Social Norms Using a Field Experiment in Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p361898_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We conducted a randomized field experiment in Japan prior to the 2007 upper house election. Our experimental treatment consisted of 2 pieces of mail, which were mailed to reach voters 5 days and 3 days before the election. Drawing from studies of descriptive norms in psychology, which find people adjust their behaviors to conform to what others typically do, we created two messages. One emphasized the descriptive norm of a high rate of citizen participation, which we call "high turnout message", or HTO. The other message suggested non-voting was common, which we call "low turnout message", or LTO. Voters assigned to one treatment group received 2 pieces of HTO mails, while those assigned to the other treatment group received 2 pieces of LTO mails. Consistent with our expectation, the effect of HTO mails on voter turnout was positive and statistically significant. The LTO mails were positively associated with turnout, yet the effect was not statistically significant. While there have been many field experiments measuring the effect of voter mobilization efforts in the United States, this method of research has been employed only rarely in other countries. This is one of the first studies in the Japanese context.

2009 - UCEA Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 6796 words || 
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5. Kramer, Bruce. and Enomoto, Ernestine. "Diamonds in the rough: How personal experience, professional knowledge, and environment shaped first year experiences of four deans" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the UCEA Annual Convention, Anaheim Marriott, Anaheim, California, Nov 19, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p377367_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Given the tremendous pressures placed on American higher education institutions, we were initially interested in how academic deans were coping. We explored how faculty members transitioned from teaching into deanships. Using qualitative methods, we interviewed four newly appointed deans (three male, one female; two minority; three interim and one dean). Our findings suggest the extend to which unique experiences, professional knowledge and environment shape the preparation to becoming a dean.

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