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2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 6606 words || 
1. Schuck, Andreas., Vliegenthart, Rens., Boomgaarden, Hajo., Elenbaas, Matthijs., Azrout, Rachid., van Spanje, Joost. and De Vreese, Claes. "Explaining Campaign News Coverage: How Medium, Time, and Context Explain Variation in the Media Framing of the 2009 European Parliamentary Elections" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 25, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: It is an open question why news media cover political campaigns the way they do. Framing elections in terms of conflict or strategy or focusing on horse-race and the role media and journalists themselves play in elections is commonplace, however, this study investigates the factors that explain the variation in campaign news coverage. The context of our study is the 2009 European Parliamentary elections and we use a cross-national media content analysis (N=52,009) conducted in all 27 EU member states. Findings show that time-, country- and media-characteristics all matter in explaining the way journalists frame elections, however, to different extents and with different emphasis. Especially the variation in conflict framing is contingent upon the medium, the electoral system, and public aversion against the EU. We conclude with a discussion of our findings in the light of the ongoing debate on the role and impact of media framing during election campaigns.

2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 33 words || 
2. Thurner, Paul. "Explaining (in)Complete Preference Rankings versus Explaining Stated Party Choice: The Role of Expectations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: We identify incongruities between stated party preference and stated vote choice and show that they are significantly induced by expectations. We apply so-called exploded logit models for the explanation of (in)complete preference rankings.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 275 words || 
3. Burns, Nancy. and Kinder, Donald. "Explaining Gender, Explaining Race" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of our paper is to explore
the extent to which Americans? explanations for gender and race
differences ? or, in another vocabulary, their ?theories? of gender and
race ? have consequences for their views about the problems that gender
and race pose to society and what, if anything, government should do
about such problems. Our analysis takes off from a simple intuition:
that the political significance of any social condition depends in part
on how the condition is explained. We take up race and gender, and we
take them up together. Most of the empirical literature on explanation
has focused on race alone; very little work has been done on gender;
and there is almost no research at all that considers race and gender
at the same time. Our investigation is designed to provide multiple
opportunities to draw comparisons: between what blacks and whites and
men and women make of gender, and what they make of race, and what
implications these beliefs hold for their views on politics. We rely on
data from two parallel surveys carried out in the fall of 2000 in
Atlanta and Detroit, among equal samples of women, men, blacks, and
whites. We augment these data with content analysis of narratives about
race and gender in the mainstream and Black press in the two cities and
with analysis of data from the National Election Studies.
In the end we find that explanation and opinion are in fact connected.
We find furthermore that such connections are much stronger and farther
reaching in the domain of race than they are in the domain of gender.
To put it in a highly stylized way, when it comes to politics ? in the
United States, at the present time ? race is a theory and gender is

2015 - ARNOVA’s 44th Annual Conference Words: 93 words || 
4. Smith, David. "A Theory of Everyone: S-Theory as a Comprehensive, Interdisciplinary, Paradigm for Explaining Human Behavior Applied to Explaining Volunteering in Russia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ARNOVA’s 44th Annual Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, Nov 18, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: S-Theory (Synanthrometrics), developed by Smith (2015), is a recent, general theory of human behavior that integrates insights from many socio-behavioral science and biological science academic disciplines, and also voluntaristics (Smith 2013) as an interdisciplinary field. S-Theory has been tested for the first time in survey research on a random, representative, national sample of 2,000 adults in Russia, over-sampling volunteers and examining Total Volunteering (combining formal and informal volunteering) as the Dependent Variable. Stepwise OLS Multiple Regression Analysis showed that the 10 top influences on Volunteering testing S-Theory explained an adjusted R2 of .61.

2002 - American Political Science Association Pages: 41 pages || Words: 15154 words || 
5. Gutterman, Ellen. "Corruption and Compliance: Explaining Variations in Compliance with the 1997 OECD Anti-Bribery Convention" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: What explains variations in state compliance with the 1997 OECD "Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions."? In an initial phase of follow-up monitoring to evaluate each country's implementing legislation, this Convention's peer-review monitoring group found a surprising variation in the compliance records of the OECD's four largest members. While Germany and the United States 'satisfactorily' complied with the Convention, France only 'sufficiently' complied and the United Kingdom did not comply. Why did some states comply and others not? Given the Convention's optimal design, function, and normative basis from the point of view of compliance theory, this outcome is particularly surprising. Employing evidence from research in the fours countries, and focusing on the U.K. case in particular, the paper assesses three alternative explanations for the observed variations in compliance: unintentional non-compliance; strategic trade; and norms related to transnational bribery. The analysis finds that none of the explanations initially suggested by the evidence is complete, but that a combination of strategic trade interests and normative factors is at play. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of this study for compliance theory in IR, and theories of international politics in general.

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