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2017 - BALAS Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
1. Etchebarne, Soledad. and Torres Zapata, Isabel. "Export development process in SMEs export services: An intangible that promotes economic development" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the BALAS, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile, Apr 05, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This research describes the export development process as an intangible that firms have been able to create. This has emerged as a consequence of an adequate set of several elements based on resources and capabilities (Barney, 1991) that promote adaptation and competitiveness in international markets (Chetty et al., 2000). Based on a quantitative analysis of Chilean SMEs exporting services between 2006 and 2015 (1.375 companies), it is possible to state that despite their improvement in international participation, these companies show a deficient Dynamic export performance (DEP) (Torres et al., 2014). This situation could improve if there were adequate public policies for this specific sector.

2. Uhlin, Anders. "Exporting labour, Exporting Citizens: Analyzing Citizenship in an Emigration Context" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: As has already been extensively shown in both political theory and empirical research, present day migratory movements challenge the traditional conceptualization of citizenship in a variety of ways. However, this research has so far overwhelmingly been conducted from the perspective of receiving states. This paper instead focuses on the transformations of citizenship resulting from emigration. In recent years, economic incentives (remittances, diaspora investments, skills acquirement) have made an increasing number of Southern countries promote labour export as a strategy for development. While having the potential of contributing greatly to national economies, it simultaneously transforms the relation between state and citizens, since the traditional coincidence of territorial presence and state membership is disrupted. Hence, following from the developmental incentives related to emigration, the central principle of political membership becomes reworked in its manifold dimensions. New questions arise concerning democratic participation, the possibility of voting from abroad, the challenges of dual citizenship, and – perhaps most centrally – the relation of loyalty and protection between absent citizens and the sending states. In order not to “loose” their absent citizens (and their economic contributions), sending states now apply a range of strategies for recreating the state-citizen bond – strategies that are of political, economic as well as cultural character. Drawing on political theory, migration studies as well as international law, this paper develops a theoretical framework for understanding bonding strategies and the transformation of citizenship in emigration countries more generally. The framework will later be used for empirical studies in India, Indonesia and the Philippines.

2006 - International Studies Association Pages: 45 pages || Words: 12287 words || 
3. Ruiz, Neil. "Made for Export: Tertiary Education and Labor Export in the Philippines" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Development scholars, heavily informed by the cases of the four Asian Tigers, have attributed success in development to education and domestic political institutions. Although the Philippines looked even more promising than the Asian Tigers before they began developing, the country has not become a development success. On the education dimension, by the 1970s the Philippines was comparable to most developed countries with its adult literacy rate of 83% and high enrollment rates in all levels of schools. In terms of political institutions, the Philippines was Asia’s first democracy after declaring independence from Spanish rule in 1898. Instead of furthering development, educational and political advances in the Philippines have led to an enormous exodus of labor. Failing to utilize its highly educated labor force in the domestic economy, the state focused its attention on exporting its workers by creating a set of elaborate institutions to facilitate overseas employment. Why did the Philippine government develop institutions for exporting labor rather than focus its energy on building the domestic economy? This puzzle can be understood in terms of the intimate connection between the capacity of the state to control the educational system, labor export and economic development. This paper argues that one of the major reasons why the Philippine state had to take an active role in exporting its surplus labor is because of the high autonomy given to the private market for higher education that was producing a large educated but unemployable population.
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2011 - International Communication Association Words: 353 words || 
4. Rivero, Yeidy. "Exporting Expectations: Format Exporting and Colombia’s A Corazón Abierto" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: On August 9th, 2009, the Colombian network RCN announced the cast of A Corazón Abierto, the Colombian adaptation of the US series Grey’s Anatomy. Co-produced by Disney Media Networks Latin America, Vista Productions, and RCN, A Corazón Abierto was advertised as following the ‘spirit,’ characters, and creative universe of Grey’s Anatomy but presenting the realities of Colombia’s health and medical systems. Soon after RCN announced A Corazón Abierto’s cast, an unexpected controversy emerged. Several Afro Colombian organizations accused RCN of racism due to the network’s exclusion of the black characters that were present in the original Grey’s Anatomy. As the leader of one of the Afro Colombian organizations involved in the protest declared, “There are no solid reasons for the producers of the series to change the [black] characters when, in the original version, those characters add interesting elements to the drama and that would not have to be different in the Colombian version.” The producer’s adaptation collided with the audience’s interpretations, as at least one segment of the Colombian audience expected A Corazón Abierto to reproduce the multi-racial environment of the original series.

Drawing from Hans Robert Jauss’ concept of ‘horizon of expectations,’ in this paper I analyze the controversy surrounding A Corazón Abierto, paying particular attention to how Grey’s Anatomy served as the primary version for the Afro Colombian protests. I contend that the Afro Colombians’ familiarity with the original format, and their own position as a marginalized public in Colombian society and on television created a horizon of expectation that transcended Colombian television’s programming and was instead inspired by US television and African American representations. In other words, globalization and the flow of US programming helped formed a new horizon of expectations for the members of the Afro Colombian organizations. By focusing on A Corazón Abierto, my goal in this paper is to demonstrate how formats--particularly from a major exporter such as Hollywood—not only come with bibles or scripts but they also carry with them a variety of ‘expectations’ which are triggered by the adaptations and the audiences’ familiarity with the original text.

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