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2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 6977 words || 
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1. Li, Xigen. and Liu, Xudong. "Selective Exposure, Extended Exposure, and Side-Tracked Exposure: A Model of Media Exposure on the Internet and the Consequential Effects" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 25, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p485044_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article analyzes the process of information access and media exposure on the Internet, and the context and situations where people perform selective exposure. It also discusses how need for cognitive closure and information search efficacy affect selective exposure, and how side-tracked and unintentional exposure will interact with selective exposure and produce potential persuasion effects. We further attempt to build a theoretical model of media exposure on the Internet and propose several theoretical propositions on media exposure in online settings. We conclude that people are often exposed to information far beyond what they initially seek out. The reinforcement effect of selective exposure in online settings will be modified or significantly weakened if multiple media exposures occur.

2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Kim, Dam Hee. "Who Are Ideal Citizens? Predicting Citizenship With Diverse Exposure and Motivations for Cross-Cutting Exposure" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1235000_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although scholars consider it important for individuals to consume diverse information and viewpoints to be politically informed and engaged, empirical evidence accumulated so far casts some doubt on the presumed relationship between diverse exposure and good citizenship. That is, individuals who consume diverse viewpoints may not uniformly garner democratic benefits by becoming more politically informed and engaged. To explain the mixed effects of diverse exposure on political knowledge and participation, the current study proposes and demonstrates three distinct motivations for exposure to cross-cutting viewpoints—defensive dismissal, defensive deliberation and balanced deliberation—by expanding on the theory of motivated reasoning. The findings of the present study suggest the importance of different motivations for exposure to diverse viewpoints—rather than the mere exposure—in predicting democratic citizenship indicators such as political knowledge and participation.

2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 8059 words || 
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3. Jang, Seung Mo. "Selective Exposure Without Avoidance: Examining Selective Exposure in a Media Saturated Environment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 17, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p636960_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The present research investigated selective exposure online, treating selective seeking and selective avoidance as independent phenomena. A behavior tracking measure was employed. Study 1 used an online quasi-experiment with voluntary national samples (n = 271). Consistent with early reviews on selective exposure, participants sought out attitude consonant information, but they did not systematically avoid attitude dissonant information compared to neutral information. Study 2 involved an experiment with student samples (n =185) to examine the impact of cognitive load on selective behavior. The results revealed that those who were asked to multitask during information search did not exercise any selectivity in information selection and exposure time. The findings also suggest that selective exposure is governed by controlled rather than automatic processes.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Words: 17 words || 
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4. Song, Hyunjin. and Cho, Jaeho. "The Dynamics of Message Exposure Online in Political Discussion Forums: Self-Segregation or Diverse Exposure?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1347573_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: TERGM analysis of message selection behaviors in online political discussion forum during 2012 South Korean Presidential election

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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5. Song, Hyunjin. and Cho, Jaeho. "The Dynamics of Message Exposure Online in Political Discussion Forums: Self-Segregation or Diverse Exposure?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, May 22, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1347918_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While internet space is believed to expose individuals to a wider array of viewpoints, a worry about self-reinforcing political echo chambers persists. With unprecedented choices online, do these choices lead to cross-cutting exposure or inevitably lead to increasing polarization? Instead of assessing political homogeneity online solely based on written messages, we focus on individuals’ underlying motives and mechanisms that drive one’s message “reception” decisions, and how such dynamics would manifest through patterns of individuals’ message selection behaviors. Using unobtrusively logged behavioral data matched with network panel survey responses, a TERGM analysis of online message selection behaviors during 2012 South Korean Presidential election indicates that the impact of overt partisan preference was rather limited. Rather, results indicate that various endogenous structural factors are pronounced, coupled with a non-trivial degree of message selection based on similarity of one’s candidate evaluative criteria, suggesting that social and utility consideration indeed strongly override overt partisan considerations.

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