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2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 195 words || 
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1. Jokela, Minna. "Challenging the External-Internal Security Divide: Evolving Role of the European Union External Borders Agency FRONTEX" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p501313_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The European Union external borders agency FRONTEX was established in 2004 to coordinate and enhance EU border security. Ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, and the launching of an Internal Security Strategy for the EU and the Standing Committee on Internal Security COSI strengthened the internal dimension of the EU security agenda, while they blurred the dividing line between external and internal security. FRONTEX was created to integrate national border security systems of the EU member states against all kinds of threats at the external border of the Union. European border security has evolved from national, sovereignty-based systems to operational cooperation at the EU external, Schengen-border. Traditionally states have clung to their sovereign control of their borders. In the EU, the Treaties of Rome, however, promised the European people the free movement of citizen within the internal market. In practice, border checks between member states were abolished. At the same time European space was opened to transnational crime and other transboundary problems. This paper analyses the evolving role of the EU in border security. It argues that much of the increase of EU competence in border security results from “creeping integration”, a step-by-step deepening of integration.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 23 pages || Words: 7581 words || 
Info
2. Dimopoulos, Angelos. "EU and MERCOSUR External Economic Policies: The Role of Internal Integration in Creating a Common External Economic Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p499715_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The aim of the suggested paper is to offer a critical analysis of the external trade policies pursued by the EU and MERCOSUR countries, underscoring the role of internal economic and political integration in the formation and orientation of their external economic policies. In that respect, the legal foundations and political considerations behind the EU and MERCOSUR common commercial policies are firstly considered, indicating that the form and characteristics of MERCOSUR international presence differ substantially from the development of the EU as an international actor. Assessing the different development and evolution of the EU and MERCOSUR common commercial policies so far, this paper discusses secondly the structural differences between the EU and MERCOSUR external trade policies. It argues that the specific characteristics of regional integration in South America do not encourage the formation of a common commercial policy that is based on the same patterns that have determined EU Common Commercial Policy. However, reality suggests that the MERCOSUR model has been very successful so far, indicating that the EU does not present the only successful model for external economic relations of a REIO.

2012 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 412 words || 
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3. Sanders, Bailey. "External Voting and External Representation: Embracing a New Conception of Citizenship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana, Jan 12, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p544283_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As innovations in technology have allowed citizens to become more mobile, sometimes living halfway across the world from their home country, such innovations have also enabled citizens to stay connected with the people, culture, and nation they left behind. In recognition of this new reality, more and more nations are granting external voting rights (also known as absentee voting) to their citizens living abroad. Yet while over 100 countries have implemented external voting, half of who implemented the practice in the last twenty years, only eleven countries allow overseas citizens to elect their own representatives to the national legislature. The recent literature on trust adds an extra dimension to this trend; while one might suspect that countries with high levels of trust would be more likely to allow overseas citizens legislative representation, we see the opposite in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. It is in France and Italy, two countries with historically low trust levels, that we see overseas citizens electing their own representatives to the state legislature.

2017 - American Society of Criminology Words: 202 words || 
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4. Glenn, Andrea. and Raine, Adrian. "Effects of Sleep Problems on Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Youth with Externalizing Disorders." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1276670_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Background. A growing number of studies suggest there may be a link between sleep problems and externalizing behavior. However, most of these studies have been conducted in healthy, non-referred samples.

Methods. In the present study, we examined relationships between sleep problems and behavior problems in a sample of youth diagnosed with either conduct disorder or ADHD.

Results. Within this externalizing sample, we found that parent- and child-reported sleep problems were primarily associated with internalizing, but not externalizing problems. Parent-reported sleep problems, as assessed by sleep-related items on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and child-reported sleepiness, as assessed by the School Sleep Habits Survey, were associated with parent-rated internalizing problems, social problems, and attention problems on the CBCL (all p < .01). Parent-reported but not child-reported sleep problems were also associated with parent-rated externalizing problems on the CBCL (p < .001). Parent-reported sleep problems remained a predictor of externalizing problems when controlling for internalizing problems and vice versa. Unlike findings from non-referred samples, child reported sleepiness was not associated with parent- or teacher-reported externalizing problems, or child-reported aggressive behavior (physical, verbal, reactive, proactive).

Conclusions. Together these findings suggest that within an externalizing population, sleep problems may be more strongly associated with internalizing problems.

2007 - American Political Science Association Pages: 1 pages || Words: 179 words || 
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5. Barabas, Jason. and Jerit, Jennifer. "The External Validity of Treatments: A Comparison of Natural and Survey Experiments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p208732_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Survey experiments help establish causality, but scholars do not know how closely the treatments mimic natural phenomena. This study compares survey experiments and a natural experiment on the same topic. In two survey experiments providing information about Medicare, we observe double-digit learning effects. In contrast, most respondents in our contemporaneous natural experiment show little evidence of learning. Consistent with our expectations, the only people who showed comparable levels of learning to respondents in our survey experiment were individuals exposed to Medicare facts in their media source of choice as well as people who were uncertain about the facts from the very beginning. Our conclusion is that the effects of survey experiments, at least on this topic, only generalize to parts of the population that are likely to be exposed or to accept the treatment messages.

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