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2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 17 pages || Words: 8092 words || 
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1. Salganik, Matthew., Dodds, Peter. and Watts, Duncan. "Cascades of culture: Exploring extreme variation and extreme unpredictability with modeling and experiments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p22801_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Many cultural markets are characterized by both extreme variation in
success and extreme unpredictability. These two apparently
contradictory macro-level characteristics can be shown to derive from
a common micro-level mechanism. A simple model of these markets is
developed and then tested with a novel web-based experiment. The
unique experimental design allows us to estimate how much the success
of an object is related to its inherent appeal and how much is related
to chance and cumulative advantage. Data generated by 7,209
participants supports the theories presented which argue that the
success of objects is largely determined by things other than the
appeal of the object. Implications for the sociology of culture as
well as social science in general are discussed.

2014 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 179 words || 
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2. Guimond, Serge. and Roebroeck, Elodie. "The social representations of multiculturalism : When the extreme right agrees with the extreme left" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Ergife Palace Hotel, Rome, Italy, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p727252_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: Existing research on multiculturalism typically focuses on personal support for multiculturalism (or personal attitudes) without considering what level of support for multiculturalism people perceive in their community (or perceived norm). It is argued that this is a critical distinction. A national survey was conducted in France (N = 1001) to examine both dimensions. The results revealed a sharp gap between personal attitudes toward multiculturalism in France and the perceived position of most french people regarding multiculturalism. Consistent with the concept of pluralistic ignorance, most french people are personally favorable toward multiculturalism but most of them also think that the french are opposed to multiculturalism. Moreover, whereas political ideology is strongly related to personal views, with the extreme right being the most anti-multiculturalism, this is not the case when the perceived norm is considered. The extreme right agrees with the right, the left and the extreme left that the French are against multiculturalism, suggesting that this perceived norm is indeed a shared perception. Various interpretations for the existence of this sharp gap are discussed, including a process of minority influence.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 462 words || 
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3. Asscher, Jessica., Dekovic, Maja., Van den Akker, Alithe., Prins, Pier., Van der Laan, Peter. and Manders, Willeke. "Do extremely violent juveniles respond different to treatment than not extremely violent juveniles?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p961720_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Background. Extreme violence leads to enormous societal costs, directly associated with involvement of the justice system, with victimization and with mental health problems (Cohen,1998; Cohen & Piquero, 2009; DeLisi & Gatling, 2003; DeLisi et al., 2010). Dodge (2009) estimated the average cost of each chronically violent youth at $2 million. It is, therefore, crucially important that this group receives treatment that decreases the risk of further pathological development. Extremely violent youth, however, may be more resistant to treatment, or in need of specific techniques. The present study aims to increase knowledge on effectiveness of treatment for extremely violent juvenile offenders by investigating whether they respond differently to Multisystemic Therapy (MST) than youth who show less severe violence.

Method. To examine differences in response to treatment between extremely violent youth and non-extremely violent youth, data of a randomized controlled trial on effectiveness of MST were used, with 256 juveniles randomized to MST (n = 147) or Treatment As Usual (TAU, n = 109), including multiple methods (parent, adolescent and official police reports) and multiple assessments during treatment. Extremely violent youth (n = 71) were those juveniles who, according to official data of the Dutch Ministry of Justice, were the most severe category of sentence threat (≥8 years of imprisonment) for a violent offence, consisting of juveniles who committed murder/manslaughter (10%); violent armed robbery (75%), or violent assaults (15%). To study the differences in treatment response between extremely violent and non-violent youths, latent growth curves modelling within-treatment changes in primary (externalizing behavior) and secondary outcomes (parenting, parent-adolescent relationship quality) were conducted.
Results. Juveniles who received MST differed from those who received TAU with regard to their changes in externalizing behavior and parent-adolescent relationship quality during the 5-month treatment period. Within the group of juvenile offenders who received MST, extremely violent youth differed from the non- violent youth. For the extremely violent youth who received MST, levels of externalizing behavior and relationship quality changed significantly. Interestingly, change was non-linear: externalizing problems increased slightly during the first month of treatment, and then decreased to levels below the other groups. Similarly, relationship quality first decreased, and then increased to levels above the TAU group, and then stabilized.
Conclusion. The results show that the extremely violent juveniles participating in MST respond differently to treatment than both non- violent MST participants and TAU participants regarding two outcomes: externalizing behavior and relationship quality. Despite an initial increase in problems, they decrease more towards the end of treatment. There were no differences in changes in parenting behavior between the extremely violent and non-violent group. These findings show that, although treatment might first appear to have iatrogenic effects for extremely violent youth, they need more months of treatment before it starts to have an effect, with MST eventually effective for them as well.


2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 181 words || 
Info
4. Perry, Gali. "From political extremism to violence: A SAT analysis of right-wing extremism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1148955_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: In spite of significant progress in the study of political extremism in the last decade, the inherent challenges related to this field of research have left many questions unanswered. Mainly, it is unclear what leads to political extremism, what factors can predict this set of values, and how these factors relate to the violent tendency that links political extremism to political violence. The current study has three main goals. First, the theoretical framework of SAT is used to propose a conceptualization of what political extremism is, the moral process leading to it, and how it relates to or results in violence. Based on this, a preliminary model describing how moral values, moral emotions, cognitive processes and environmental exposure relate to extremism will be suggested. Finally, I will test how key personal and environmental factors from this model relate to political extremism and violence, using a general sample of UK youth. The study of extremism as moral development offers an alternative approach, which mitigates the disadvantage of studying terrorism as an inverse problem and the tendency of terrorist case-studies to be unrepresentative.

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