Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: Despite a substantial increase in the number of female and minority lawyers entering the U.S. legal profession, their representation within the partnership ranks of corporate law firms continues to lag. This study posits that some of the disparity may be attributable to peculiar market dynamics surrounding gender and racial diversity. Drawing upon a comprehensive dataset of law firms listed in the National Association of Legal Placement (NALP) directory, this paper will examine group differences along the lines of firm size, geography, firm structure, profitability, and prestige. Although our preliminary hypothesis is that there are significant group differences driven by self-selection, these preferences may reflect a complex adaptive strategy to persistent institutional barriers within elite corporate law firms.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: How does firm presence affect local governance outcomes? Many regions of natural resource extraction where extractive firms operate are far from the political capital, where state presence is limited, and capacity weak. In some of these regions governments monitor and regulate extractive firm behavior, ensuring they engage in goods provision and mitigate adverse consequences, while in others they respond to local discontent with repressive campaigns. Why and when do governments increase local engagement as a result of firm presence, and why does this take the form of security governance in some regions, and regulatory governance in others? In this comparative case study, I rely on interviews, and primary and secondary materials to demonstrate variation in local governance outcomes in Mozambique, Zambia and DRC. Specifically, I first compare governance outcomes between coal enclaves within Mozambique, demonstrating within country variance. Then, I compare governance outcomes in two copper enclaves in Zambia and DRC, demonstrating within firm variance. Taken together, within country and within firm variance lends support to my argument that these are strategic contexts, where local support shapes firm and government strategies, but whereby actors' beliefs about each other, localized costs of engagement, and revenue potential constrain actors' behaviors.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: Prior work argues that women’s low labor force participation among oil-rich countries in the Middle East is due to oil production itself, not to surrounding patriarchal norms endowed by Islamic history, culture, and politics. This paper builds upon the argument that economic forces, not Islam, determine female labor force participation in the Middle East, but nuances and challenges the argument that oil production is bad for women by analyzing the role that foreign and oil sector firms have in hiring female executives. I analyze BvD ORBIS 2016 firm data of 139,910 firms and 227,405 executives from the oil-rich Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates and use binary logistic regression to test the firm’s likelihood of having a female executive. Counter to initial hypotheses, I do not find that foreign firms hire more female executives nor that oil firms are less likely to hire female executives. Smaller and local firms are more likely to hire female executives although there is weak support that foreign firms are positively associated with female executives at the manager level and oil sector firms are positively associated with hiring female executives at the director level. My findings have implications for a sociological understanding of the processes of labor market transformation, particularly female labor force participation, in high-income developing economies.
Publication Type: Full PaperReview Method: Peer ReviewedAbstract: This study explores conditions that influence the choice of corporate sustainability strategies and operations strategies of a firm and to analyze the impact of an alignment between corporate sustainability strategy and operations strategy of a firm on its sustainability performance.