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2006 - American Political Science Association Words: unavailable || 
1. Koremenos, Barbara. "Fixing what???s Fixed: Studying Change in International Institutions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Proceeding

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 35 pages || Words: 11181 words || 
2. Harmon, Mark. "“Fixed” Sentencing: A 50 State Fixed Effects Approach to Changes Over Time" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Sentencing guidelines, statutory presumptive sentencing, and determinate sentencing are each important parts of the criminal justice system. The main purpose behind a relatively fixed matrix of sentences is to remove judicial discretion by insuring that convicted felons receive a reasonably assumed sentence depending on the crime committed. Few studies have attempted to systematically answer the question of whether these new “fixed” sentencing procedures or the removal of parole boards (determinate sentencing) produce the outcomes stated by their supporters. The current study assesses the effects on shifts in incarceration rates within states’ (all 50 states) from the years 1972 to 2007. The analysis uses Prais-Winston regression with panel corrected standard errors (PCSE) and “fixed effects” for states with controls for crime, demographic and political variables, prison entries, and serial autocorrelation. The study has implications for both theory and policy. Substantively, the results indicate that reforms significantly increase imprisonment. Functionally, rapid prison growth can be a logistical and financial burden on a state and these results could help to shed light onto the specific mechanisms associated with this growth.

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 34 pages || Words: 15990 words || 
3. Gibson, David. "All the News That’s Fit to Fix: Error and Misjudgment in the New York Times" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Sociologists know very little about the conditions under which people working in organizations make mistakes. Here I analyze published corrections and editors’ notes in the New York Times as a study in the sociology of mistakes, using data on all articles published for a twenty-six year period, and focusing on causal factors related to organizational temporality. Hybrid logistic regression analysis, which models both within-person and between-person effects, reveals that a reporter is more likely to write an article requiring a correction when the reporter recently changed desks, when the time since his/her last article was longer, when he/she wrote more than one article that day, when he/she is more experienced, and when the paper as a whole is exceptionally busy (in terms of number of articles printed). An editors’ note, which is a more serious indictment of journalistic misjudgment, is less likely to be required when the paper as a whole is busy, when the author was hired a long time ago, and when the author frequently writes multiple articles on a given day, but is more likely when the (first) author frequently co-authors, when he/she frequently changes desks, and when he/she generally takes longer to write consecutive articles.

2004 - International Communication Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 5150 words || 
4. Chew, Martha. "Deconstruction of Mexican Cultural Identity and everyday practices: some tensions between the changing "Mexicanness" and fixed models of Mexican identity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to revise and analyze the profile prevalent in the academia that explains the cultural values and behaviors of Mexicans. The main assumption of this paper is that the complexities of the changing world and power differences have not been incorporated sufficiently into the study of cultural interactions. Most studies on Mexican culture tend to be based on fixed profiles of national cultures.
In this paper I propose a simple idea about a very complex topic: the nature of the Mexican culture related to work and the transformations that have been occurring during the last twenty years. The first part provides the theoretical framework on which this study is based. The second part provides a brief introduction to the predominant narratives in the academic discourse regarding the values and behaviors of Mexicans. Thereafter, there is an analysis of some changes that have taken place in Mexican society. The last part provides some elements that can be incorporated to understand better the complexities of Mexican cultural identity and everyday practices.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 27 pages || Words: 6057 words || 
5. Clark, William. and Gochal, Joseph. "Fixed Exchange Rates, ElectoralLaws, and Fiscal Activism in OECD Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper presents a series of time series cross section
regressions which suggest that governments in developed countries
have increased their use of counter-cyclical fiscal policy since
the mid-1990's up through 2001 when compared to the 1980's and
early 1990's. Countries with loose floating exchange rates and a
high number of legislative districts appear to be more fiscally
reactive than countries with other other mixes of economic and
political institutions . These results run counter to both the
growing general consensus regarding the relative economic
ineffectiveness of fiscal policy, and political economic theories
concerning the impact of institutions on macroeconomic policy. We
argue that this finding points to the possibility that
counter-cyclical fiscal policy has become less of stimulative tool
and more of a political mechanism geared towards achieving
distributive goals.

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