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2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 199 words || 
1. Dean, Adam. "Free Elections, Free Trade, and Free Labor?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A growing body of literature argues that democratization in developing countries leads to an increase in trade liberalization. According to these theories, democratization enfranchises the working class, and workers then use their votes to demand free trade. In direct contrast to extant theories, this paper makes two interventions. First, it argues that workers and other domestic constituencies in developing countries often fiercely oppose trade liberalization. Second, it argues that these oppositional demands are most likely to influence government policy when workers not only have the right to vote, but the rights to act collectively, as well. Together, these two points suggest that trade liberalization in developing countries was not caused by the domestic demands of workers. Third, it argues that the trade liberalization in developing countries is better understood as the result of systematic external from the United States.
To test this argument, this paper uses a new dataset based on the US' annual National Trade Estimate reports, which describe foreign trade policy that the US seeks to alter. In support of my argument, this paper presents the results of quantitative analysis of data from over 100 developing countries from 1981 to 2010.

2006 - American Political Science Association Pages: 31 pages || Words: 10129 words || 
2. Poire, Alejandro. and Singh, Naunihal. "The Best Things in Life are Free: Explaining free access to the media by political parties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-08-17 <>
Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: Free access to the media for contenders can play a critical role in determining political outcomes, as was amply demonstrated by the Chilean opposition during the 1988 plebiscite on military rule. Although the policy literature has embraced free access to the electronic media as a panacea, there is still no argument concerning where we would expect to see such measures enacted. In this paper we present two alternative theoretical approaches to address this issue, and test seven specific hypotheses explaining the presence of free media access for political parties in both developed and developing nations. We find that free media access is not related to a country’s level of democracy, wealth, structure of media ownership, or type of executive system (presidential / parliamentary). In contrast, free media is systematically more likely to be found in largely populated countries and those with PR/mixed electoral systems.

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