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2006 - International Communication Association Pages: 43 pages || Words: 12572 words || 
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1. Pollock, John., de Zutter, Laura., Schumacher, Samantha. and Mitchell, Elyse. "Gay Rights: Nationwide Newspaper Coverage of Gay Adoption, Gay Marriage, and Gays in the Boy Scouts: A Community Structure Approach" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Jun 16, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p91306_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: National cross-section samples of 21-28 newspapers examined coverage of three same-sex issues – gay adoption, gay marriage, and gays in the Boy Scouts of America -- using a “community structure approach.” Selecting all articles over a certain length published in the sample periods, city characteristics (including an innovative “Gay Market Index” and “Gay Legal Index”) were compared systematically with a composite measure of coverage combining article “prominence” and article “direction, calculating a “Media Vector” with maximum/minimum ranges of +1.00 to -1.00.

Pearson correlations, regression analysis and factor analysis found privilege or its absence significant for all three issues. If children are affected (Boy Scouts or same-sex adoption), a “buffer hypothesis” appears confirmed: The larger the proportion of privileged groups (college education or family income), the more favorable the coverage of (gay) rights claims. By contrast, the higher the “vulnerability” in a city (percents below poverty levels or unemployed), the less favorable the coverage of a gay issue not involving children: Same-sex marriage. Percent Catholic is significantly associated with favorable coverage of all three gay rights issues. Rotated factor analysis and regression of factors reveal two factors each accounted for 56 percent of the coverage variance for gays in the Boy Scouts, 57 percent for same-sex adoption, and 33 percent for same-sex marriage. Regional Media Vectors and public opinion were mostly aligned for all three gay rights issues, with both newspapers and public viewpoints most favorable to gays in the Northeast, both less favorable to gays in the South and Midwest.

2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 10110 words || 
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2. Usher, Nikki. "The Decline and Adaptation of Gay Newspapers – and the Rise of Gay News Blogs: Transformations in Gay Journalism in the Digital Age" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 26, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p487588_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper (extended abstract) provides an in-depth look at the transformations taking place within the gay newspaper industry in the US. Gay print news has long been connected to the idea of a gay community and a corresponding idea of civic engagement. This paper challenges the notion of "gay community" and interrogates how the changing understanding of gay community might change the way we understand action. Furthermore, this paper will seek to be the first comprehensive academic look at the gay print news industry in a time of transformation, examining its economic models and suggesting the ramifications of each-- the stagnation, the adaptation, and the elimination-- for the gay community. It will then reflect on what mainstream media might learn from the changes within the gay news industry's economic structures.

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 28 pages || Words: 8604 words || 
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3. Thing, James. "Virtually Gay: The Internet and the Construction of Hybrid Queer Identities and Transnational Gay Cultures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 07, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p309912_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper draws on my dissertation which is a mutli-sited ethnography of sexual identity formation among queer men in Mexico City and Cuernavaca and queer Mexican immigrant men living in Los Angeles. Based on interviews with the immigrant and non-immigrant participants and hundreds of hours of participant observation, this paper explores the potential impact that the Internet has on the development of sexual identities and transnational queer communities for the men in my study. I show that the men in my study, through their use of the Internet, are part of a transnational Pan-Latino gay culture since most of their virtual contact takes place with other queer Spanish-speaking Latinos worldwide I argue that the Internet acts as an agent of socialization where certain ideas and discourses about what it means to be gay as well as certain established norms and practices shape the sexual subjectivities and queer communities of the informants.

2013 - National Women's Studies Association Words: 108 words || 
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4. Bowerman, Christina. "Pray the Gay Away: An Examination of Masculinity in the Ex-Gay Movement" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Women's Studies Association, Cincinnati Netherland Plaza, Cincinnati, OH, <Not Available>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p661235_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: This thesis explores how the ex-gay movement – rooted in the evangelical Christian church projects – enforces biblical masculinity through published and practiced testimonies of ex-gay conversion. This project explores the ex-gay movement from both a feminist/queer and religious studies perspective. I will examine how masculinity functions simultaneously as a biblical construction and a social construction instead of one or the other. My research will consider how the use of practiced and published testimonies produce an ideal masculinity for other ex-gay men to achieve and emulate and the ways in which men who participate in ex-gay organizations learn and perform masculinity as a central step in becoming ex-gay.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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5. Baldor, Tyler. "No Girls Allowed? Fluctuating Boundaries between Gay Men and Straight Women in Gay Public Space" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1253567_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Scholars have documented a changing sexual landscape in the U.S. at multiple levels of analysis. Sexual identities are more varied and less fixed today than in the past, especially for young people, and demographically gay neighborhoods and institutions are becoming integrated, mixed-orientation spaces. In this broader context, it remains unclear if and when young sexual minorities seek out gay-only spaces. Drawing on ethnographic observation in Philadelphia gay bars popular among heterosexual patrons and supplemental interviews with young gay club-goers, I argue that young gay men make claims to gay space situationally by drawing distinctions between who “belongs” in a gay bar and who does not in interaction. Men activate membership boundaries when women’s nightlife rituals are visibly separate from their own and threaten the continued production of gay space, and when men and women interact incidentally in ways that objectify men and violate men’s status in gay space. I utilize Collins’ (2004) interaction ritual framework to describe how boundaries are overcome and not enacted when straight women contribute to gay space’s collective mood (positive emotional energy). More broadly, these findings help clarify the interactional processes through which boundaries between groups can fluctuate across situations in diverse public spaces.

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