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2008 - The Mathematical Association of America MathFest Words: 59 words || 
1. Tongen, Anthony. "If I May Make a Generalization, Generalizations are Generally Good (in numerics)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Mathematical Association of America MathFest, TBA, Madison, Wisconsin, Jul 28, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-12-05 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Patterns are not only ubiquitous in nature and quilts, but also in mathematics. The ability to generalize patterns and convert them into algorithms is one aspect of numerical courses that is a foundational tool for mathematicians. This talk will present examples across the numerical curriculum through which students can gain experience in generalizing patterns to develop algorithms.

2006 - Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists Words: 489 words || 
2. Miller, Edward. and Hill, Steven. "Health Expenditure Estimation and Functional Form: Applications of Generalized Gamma and Extended General Linear Models" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Economics of Population Health: Inaugural Conference of the American Society of Health Economists, TBA, Madison, WI, USA, Jun 04, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-12-05 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Rationale: Health care expenditure regressions are used in a wide variety of economic analyses including risk adjustment and program and treatment evaluations. Two recent articles have demonstrated that generalized gamma models with heteroskedasticity (GGM-het) and extended general linear models (EGLM) provide flexible approaches to deal with a variety of data problems commonly encountered in expenditure estimation. To date, however, there have been few empirical applications of these models to expenditures.

Objective: We use nationally representative data from the first six panels of the U.S. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) to compare the bias and predictive accuracy of GGM-het and EGLM models with other regression models in a cross-validation study design.

Methodology: We estimate models of prescription drug, ambulatory and total health care expenditures conditional on having any expenditure. Models are estimated separately for the elderly and other privately insured adults. Since expenditure distributions vary by type of service and population, the appropriate functional form is also likely to vary. In estimating expenditures, we focus on two recently developed modeling approaches that flexibly accommodate skewness, kurtosis, heteroskedasticity and other data problems. The GGM-het model, proposed by Manning, Basu, and Mullahy (2005), uses a log-link like many standard GLM models. However, the GGM-het model is more flexible than standard models because the generalized gamma distribution has a scale parameter and two shape parameters and variance is explicitly modeled as a function of explanatory variables. In the EGLM model, proposed by Basu and Rathouz (2005), the link function is not specified prior to estimation. Instead, both the link and variance functions are simultaneously estimated along with the coefficients.

Our models use socioeconomic characteristics and condition information from the first year of each MEPS panel to predict expenditures in the second year. We use a split-sample cross validation design to compare results from GGM-het, EGLM, log OLS with heteroskedasticity (log-het), linear OLS, Poisson and Gamma models. We use the validation sample to test for over-fitting and to examine predictive ratios and mean prediction errors in the entire sample, in the tails of the distribution and for persons with chronic conditions.

Results: In our preliminary analysis we focused on total expenditures and estimated all types of models except EGLM. We found that the expenditure distribution for the elderly was more kurtotic than the distribution for other adults and the distributions varied in the extent of heteroskedasticity beyond simple functions of the mean. Overall, the GGM-het and log-het models fit the data for privately insured adults very well. However, none of our models was clearly superior for the elderly.

Conclusions: Our preliminary analysis confirms that GGM-het models are robust to a wide variety of common data problems. For some distributions, however, an even more flexible estimator, such as the EGLM model, may be required.

2006 - APSA Teaching and Learning Conference Pages: 16 pages || Words: 767 words || 
3. Moskowitz, Joseph. "Lost and Found in General Education: Political Science in General Education Programs and Assessment at New Jersey Colleges" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC, Feb 18, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-12-05 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines the inclusion/exclusion of political science courses and content in general education programs and in the assessment of general education in New Jersey colleges. Several studies of our discipline have articulated the contributions that political science classes potentially make to the acquisition of general education skills such as communications skills, critical thinking, and mathematical reasoning. Other works have noted the potential contributions political science classes make to the content components of general education programs. There is, however, a dearth of research describing whether colleges are actually using political science classes as vehicles for teaching general education skills and content; and similarly a dearth of research about how political science courses are being used in the assessment of general studies programs.

Through a review of college web pages, college catalogues and interviews with political science faculty, this study examines: a) whether (and in what manner) political science classes (and/or content) are incorporated in general education programs, b) whether political science classes are utilized to teach general studies skills, and c) whether political science courses are being used in the assessment of general studies skills and/or content in New Jersey colleges. The results of this study indicate how universities view the role of political science in general education programs.

2009 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 112 words || 
4. Isom, Deena. and Swatt, Marc. "Gendered General Strain Theory: Perceptions of Gender as a Conditioning Variable in General Strain Theory" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-12-05 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Prior research suggests that males and females experience strain differently along gendered-stereotyped dimensions. These studies, however, have been limited by failing to consider the concept of gender as an androgynous continuum on which one falls depending upon internalization of socialized gender-role norms. In order to further examine the relationship between gender and strain, a self-report survey was administered to a convenience sample of students at a private university in New England. Preliminary results from this survey will be used to examine if differences in the subjective experience of strain vary according to individual placement along such continuum (based on the BEM Sex Role Inventory) or by biological sex differences.

5. Sorenson, David. "Generals and Politics: Proposing Civil-Military Competencies for Educating Colonels and Generals" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-12-05 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper builds on the institutional self-inventories completed in 2007 assessing the current state of civil-military education at the War College level. The researchers will propose a framework of civil-military competencies for senior officers to fill the current gaps in war college curricula. Approaches to elevating civil-military relations across the curriculum will also be proposed. Finally, making up for deficiencies in civil-military instruction at the lower levels within the military education system will also be explored.

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