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2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 196 words || 
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1. Zhihai, Xie. "To Govern or to Be Governed: States’ Dilemma in Global Governance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502206_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: As globalization continues to proceed, states find themselves more exposed to the outside world and more interdependent with each other. States can no longer deal with many newly emerged issues and challenges alone. Under such circumstance, certain supranational authority is needed in the anarchical international society, thus global governance becomes necessary. However, states face a basic dilemma in global governance. That is, there is a risk that many states will have no substantial rights to govern, other than put themselves governed by a handful of powers. First, by joining in the process of global governance, states have more access to other states’ affairs, but at the same time they risk losing control of many domestic economic, social and even political issues. Second, states have to share their own information and technologies in exchange to get updated. That means they may have to give up some advantages in spheres where they have leading position. Third, under current immature international regime, many states cannot have their voice heard and concerned. For example, in climate change negotiation, those small island states which are endangered by the very problem have very little saying, because big powers dominate the agenda priority.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 236 words || 
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2. Reckhow, Sarah. and Downey, Davia. "Governing without Government: Nonprofit Governance in Flint and Detroit" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 04, 2018 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1327025_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Scholars across the social sciences have shown how economic, social, and political changes are weakening local governments and contributing to rising philanthropic and nonprofit activity in urban politics (Levine 2016; Pacewicz 2016; Stone 2015; Anderson 2014; Adams 2014; Marwell 2004). But these trends, largely studied in isolation, now add up to a new form of decision-making in some American cities. The convergence of public sector austerity and a burgeoning philanthropic and nonprofit sector have created space for what we call “nonprofit governance,” a governing strategy that maximizes local cooperation for external funding. Nonprofit leaders can work as insiders to guide urban policy, often with limited input from elected officials or citizens. Our study examines Detroit and Flint as leading edge cases of nonprofit governance, in order to assess the consequences of this form of governing for nonprofits, government capacity, and citizen engagement. We have surveyed nonprofits to examine funding, partnerships, and engagement with government, and we have gathered and coded longitudinal data on philanthropic funding for both cities. We find that Flint relies on philanthropy to fund city employees for community policing, park maintenance, and public health. The local response to the Flint water crisis is almost entirely nonprofit led. In Detroit, philanthropies not only funded the city’s emergence from bankruptcy but continue to influence policies like infrastructure and economic development. These leading-edge cases allow us to trace the development of nonprofit governance and its impacts.

2010 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9418 words || 
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3. Chen, Yi-Ru Regina., Cheong, Angus. and Li, Xiaoqin. "Examining Effective Government Communication: Media Use, Perceived Communication Effectiveness, Government Transparency, and Trust in Government" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, Jun 22, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p404566_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the effectiveness of government communication in the Chinese context by telephone-surveying 1,014 residents in a Chinese administration region. The results show media use (attention to news on government policies and officials) and perceived communication effectiveness (accessibility, attractiveness, news value, and content sameness) affect public trust in government. Perceived communication effectiveness (same dimensions as above) also affects government transparency, which in turn, influences public trust in government. The negative effect of media coverage content sameness of government information on perceived government transparency and publics’ trust in the government highlights the different public relations practices of private and public sectors. This finding implies the applicability of public relations theories to public organizations remains questionable. A model of effective government communication is proposed. Theoretical and practical implications for government communication are also discussed.

2011 - International Communication Association Words: 184 words || 
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4. Garcia Gurrionero, Mario., Sánchez, María., Canel, Maria Jose. and Sanders, Karen. "Government Performance and Government Reputation: The Case of Spanish Local Governments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p488019_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: The performance of public organizations is one of the key topics in public administration research and practice (Walker and Boyne 200). Putting communication at the centre of this topic leads to questions like the following: do citizens have a negative perception of government because its services do not work properly, or do citizens evaluate government administration and their performance in a negative way because their image of government in general is a negative one?
This paper tries to analyze the role of communication in building reputation looking, particularly, at how citizens judge performance of local governments. Based upon Van de Walle and Bouckaert’s (2001) typology of models for the analysis of citizens evaluations of government performance, and using as dependent variable ‘citizens overall evaluation of local government performance’ (9000 people from the 78 largest Spanish cities were surveyed), this paper explores what influences people’s judgements of their local government. Independent variables include, apart from socio-demographic data, assessments of citizens on public authorities and their performance on different public policies. Upon results, this paper also attempts to draw on conclusions for better communicating local governments.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 9258 words || 
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5. Drori, Gili. "Governed by Governance: The Institutionalization of Governance as a Prism for Organizational Change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p20320_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Governance emerged as the latest style for management reform; the wave of governance initiatives is sweeping state administrations, corporate headquarters, and civil society organizations. In this paper, I comment on the historical process of institutionalization of governance and to reflect on the way this field defines the current mode of governmentality and tracks the process of global rationalization. I focus on three dimensions of the processes: (a) timing of institutionalization of governance, (b) carriers of the emerging notion and (c) the content of the new discourse that is contained in this new notion of governance. These issues are revealed through bibliographic and organizational analyses, highlighting governance in academic discourse (coding bibliographic sources) and transnational action (coding UIA directories). Based on these analyses, I argue that governance is a product of a world steeped with rationalization and with the primacy of individual actorhood. It is this cultural atmosphere which privileges notions that reflects rationalization and actorhood, which also leads to the translation of “management” into “governance.”

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