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2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 29 words || 
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1. Lee, Eunro. "The Chanaging Role of City Government: Are There any Differences between Mayor-Council Government and City-Manager Government?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p86268_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The studies using the type of city government as a dummy variable lead to the wrong conclusion. Mayor-Council and Council-Manager governments are consistently government efficiency and political supports simultaneously.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: 37 pages || Words: 11531 words || 
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2. Kim, Nam Kyu. "Government Spending in Coalition Governments_x000d_: Government fragmentation and Coalition agreements" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p363935_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Bawn and Rosenbluth (2006) and Persson, Roland, and Tabellini (2007) examine the difference between coalition governments and single-party government to explain the positive relationship between PR systems and public spending. They find that government spending increases in the number of parties in government. However, their models rely on the questionable assumption, Laver and Shepsle’s ministerial government. Many studies in parliamentary politics have recently cast doubt on the ministerial government model. They show that coalition parties create several mechanisms to circumvent or diminish the ministerial autonomy which may lead to sub-optimal outcome. Following them, I hypothesize that 'tight' coalition agreements and the prime minister will moderate the ministerial autonomy and thus the effect of government fragmentation on government spending. Conducting a time-series-cross-section analysis of 17 Western European countries’ data, I find that the positive effect that the number of parties in government has on central government spending exists only under specific conditions: when a coalition government does not have 'tight' coalition agreements or when the ideological position of the prime minister’s party is left.

2010 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9418 words || 
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3. Chen, Yi-Ru Regina., Cheong, Angus. and Li, Xiaoqin. "Examining Effective Government Communication: Media Use, Perceived Communication Effectiveness, Government Transparency, and Trust in Government" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, Jun 22, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p404566_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the effectiveness of government communication in the Chinese context by telephone-surveying 1,014 residents in a Chinese administration region. The results show media use (attention to news on government policies and officials) and perceived communication effectiveness (accessibility, attractiveness, news value, and content sameness) affect public trust in government. Perceived communication effectiveness (same dimensions as above) also affects government transparency, which in turn, influences public trust in government. The negative effect of media coverage content sameness of government information on perceived government transparency and publics’ trust in the government highlights the different public relations practices of private and public sectors. This finding implies the applicability of public relations theories to public organizations remains questionable. A model of effective government communication is proposed. Theoretical and practical implications for government communication are also discussed.

2011 - International Communication Association Words: 184 words || 
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4. Garcia Gurrionero, Mario., Sánchez, María., Canel, Maria Jose. and Sanders, Karen. "Government Performance and Government Reputation: The Case of Spanish Local Governments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p488019_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: The performance of public organizations is one of the key topics in public administration research and practice (Walker and Boyne 200). Putting communication at the centre of this topic leads to questions like the following: do citizens have a negative perception of government because its services do not work properly, or do citizens evaluate government administration and their performance in a negative way because their image of government in general is a negative one?
This paper tries to analyze the role of communication in building reputation looking, particularly, at how citizens judge performance of local governments. Based upon Van de Walle and Bouckaert’s (2001) typology of models for the analysis of citizens evaluations of government performance, and using as dependent variable ‘citizens overall evaluation of local government performance’ (9000 people from the 78 largest Spanish cities were surveyed), this paper explores what influences people’s judgements of their local government. Independent variables include, apart from socio-demographic data, assessments of citizens on public authorities and their performance on different public policies. Upon results, this paper also attempts to draw on conclusions for better communicating local governments.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 9258 words || 
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5. Drori, Gili. "Governed by Governance: The Institutionalization of Governance as a Prism for Organizational Change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p20320_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Governance emerged as the latest style for management reform; the wave of governance initiatives is sweeping state administrations, corporate headquarters, and civil society organizations. In this paper, I comment on the historical process of institutionalization of governance and to reflect on the way this field defines the current mode of governmentality and tracks the process of global rationalization. I focus on three dimensions of the processes: (a) timing of institutionalization of governance, (b) carriers of the emerging notion and (c) the content of the new discourse that is contained in this new notion of governance. These issues are revealed through bibliographic and organizational analyses, highlighting governance in academic discourse (coding bibliographic sources) and transnational action (coding UIA directories). Based on these analyses, I argue that governance is a product of a world steeped with rationalization and with the primacy of individual actorhood. It is this cultural atmosphere which privileges notions that reflects rationalization and actorhood, which also leads to the translation of “management” into “governance.”

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