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2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 200 words || 
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1. Duval, Robert. and Spahiu, Arian. "Group Structure, Group Decisions, and Groupthink: Small Group Decision Making as a Social Network" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p500882_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Scholars of foreign policy decision making have advanced numerous accounts of the role of groups in foreign policy. One of the most cited works on decision making is Janis' description of groupthink as a decision making process sometimes manifested in small groups that leads to flawed decisions. One of the antecedents of groupthink is group structure. We examine both formal group structure, and more importantly, the interpersonal decision making network structure that emerges in selected crucial meetings. We therefore model these key decisions as social or political networks. We test Janis’ two popular cases, the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban missile crisis, by manually coding the group interactions using the declassified meeting transcripts. We develop coding procedures which will ascertain the conversational relationships of nodes (actors) in the social network of the meeting conversation. We believe that substantially different social structures will be manifest in the interactions contained in these different meeting transcripts. This procedure will advance a better representation of group structure which should in turn further inform us on the relationship between group dynamics and the quality of policy decisions. This paper provides an original contribution by visualizing and analyzing the network structure of decision making groups.

2017 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 249 words || 
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2. Shamoa-Nir, Lipaz. and Rzpurker-Apfeld, Irene. "Does In-Group Religious Priming Decrease Negative Out-group Attitudes of Majority Group Members?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, The Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K., Jun 29, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1243652_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: When do majority groups endorse negative attitudes toward minority members, and what factors are involved in these perceptions? Studies have revealed that priming of religious concepts induced pro-social behaviors, but also increased prejudice towards minorities. Yet, more empirical research on how various religious groups traverse their social world, particularly in their interactions with minority group members, is needed. The present research extends the use of visual cognitive priming to the context of social and group differences by examining how supraliminal and subliminal priming of religious symbols affect out-group attitudes.
Three experiments examined the influence of religious concepts on prejudices and threat perceptions of Jews towards Muslims. In Study 1, students completed a search puzzle by which they were exposed to out-group, in-group or neutral religious symbols, and filled questionnaires assessing their out-group attitudes. Priming did not affect attitudes. In Study 2 subliminal priming was employed. It was found that subliminal exposure to Jewish in-group religious concepts reduced negative attitudes towards Muslims, as reflected by measures of prejudice, social distance, realistic and symbolic threat perceptions. Inter-group anxiety, however, was not affected by priming. In Study 3, comparable supraliminal and subliminal priming techniques were employed and it was confirmed that only for the in-group religious concept condition subliminal primes reduced the majority's negative attitudes towards Muslims relative to supraliminal primes.
We suggest the important role of religious content in contributing to intergroup attitude formation. Moreover, the findings highlight the role that religion plays in social-cognitive structures mainly in political intergroup conflict.

2015 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 250 words || 
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3. Sagredo Ormazabal, Maria Viviana. and Kessler, Thomas. "Migration as an Intergroup Process: the role of Group Diversity and Group Mobility on Group Cooperation." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Omni San Diego Hotel, San Diego, CA, Jul 03, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1012299_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Migration issues affect large populations around the world. Immigrants move into new countries and also move within the country until finally settling. Moreover, immigrants enhance the diversity in the host societies in terms of ethnicity, language, religion among others. Although research on immigrations has been focusing on diversity and its management within the host country, the fact that immigration also relates to mobility has been less studied. However, mobility and diversity influence the relations within the country, the level of cooperation, and the unity and identification with the society. We attempt to disentangle the influence of mobility and diversity in our studies. We established a variety of group labels with a minimal group procedure. Participants were placed in simulated groups where they played Prisoner’s Dilemma and Public Good game over several rounds. We manipulated the diversity of the groups by forming groups with all members sharing the label (low diversity) or having different labels for each member in the group (high diversity). Mobility was manipulated by either leaving the group composition constant for all rounds (low mobility) or by making group members leave the group (high mobility). We found that in the low mobility condition, diversity has a negative effect on cooperation. However, with high mobility, diversity has not effect on cooperation. Also, the timing of mobility is important: early mobility had a large negative effect on cooperation, but only a marginal with late mobility. Thus, mobility seems to be an important factor when explaining effects of immigration on societies.

2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Pages: 1 pages || Words: 206 words || 
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4. Sevinc, Bilal. and Chermak, Steven. "Criminal Groups and Violence: Comparative Analysis of Gang Groups and Terrorist Groups" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201445_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Gang groups and terrorist groups generally seek achievement of their interests through violent activities. Both of the groups operate within well organized group structures. They use deadlier methods against their targets. They generally prefer youths, especially males, for recruitment. Despite these and other commonalities in the background of them, there is no adequate level of, if there is not any, research that comparatively focus on these violent groups. With this in mind, there are two main purposes of this study. First, it aims at revealing similarities and differences between gang and terrorist groups in terms of structural, operational, tactical, motivational, ideological, and some other characteristics. Second, it focuses on different theoretical approaches used in the studies on gang and terrorism related violence, and points out differentiation in the perception of these two groups. This study is based on detailed analysis of existing literature.

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