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2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 156 words || 
1. Raymen, Thomas. and Smith, Oliver. "Where’s the Harm in Deviance? Conceptualising Harm for Deviant Leisure" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-24 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: The concept of social deviance is generally applied throughout the social sciences to describe behaviours which contravene socially accepted norms, values and ethical standards. However, under the conditions of late-capitalist consumer culture we are witnessing a number of harmful behaviours which are becoming normalised, legitimised and celebrated forms of leisure, driven by consumer capitalism’s economic need for a liberal moral relativism. From a deviant leisure perspective, this paper questions the on-going utility of ‘social deviance’ as a criminological concept, and argues a need to invert the traditional interpretation of deviance and consider the extent to which transgression and the cultivation of ‘deviant’ identities is in fact a form of cultural conformity to the values of neoliberal capitalism.

Drawing on Bauman’s (1989) notion of the ‘duty to the other’, the paper presents a more ontologically-grounded conceptualisation of harm which can avoid a moral relativism in order to consider systemic social harms as well as incorporating eco-justice perspectives.

2015 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 252 words || 
2. Iqbal, Yeshim. and Bilali, Rezarta. "Why Does Acknowledgement of Harm Matter? A Study of the Impact of Acknowledgment of Harm in the Context of the Bangladesh-Pakistan War of 1971" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Omni San Diego Hotel, San Diego, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-24 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: Most groups have taken part in actions that are considered shameful by current societal standards, such as mass violence, colonialism, and slavery. Acknowledgement of these events is considered a precondition for reconciliation (e.g., Bilali, Tropp, & Dasgupta, 2012). However, to date, few studies have empirically explored the motivational underpinnings of the desire for acknowledgement, and its benefits for victim groups. The present research contributes to this literature by assessing the effects of acknowledgment of harm in the context of the 1971 war and mass violence which led to the split of (then) East Pakistan from West Pakistan, marking the independence of Bangladesh. The mass violence committed by the Pakistani army toward Bangladeshi civilians continues to play a significant role in the cultural and political landscape of Bangladesh. Responsibility for the violence has not been acknowledged by Pakistan, and the two countries have fraught relations. To assess the relevance of acknowledgement in this context, we first conducted open-ended surveys with Bangladeshi participants (N=40), finding that Bangladeshis primarily demand acknowledgement to restore a sense of justice. Based on this, we conducted an experimental study to test the effect of Pakistani acknowledgement versus denial on Bangladeshis’ attitudes towards Pakistan, attitudes towards other out-groups in general, and overall well-being. In addition, we test two potential mediating mechanisms (perceived power and justice) through which acknowledgement might exert its impact. Preliminary analyses support the hypotheses that fulfillment of the need for justice and power are important mechanisms through which acknowledgment of harm influences members of victim groups.

2006 - The Law and Society Association Words: 243 words || 
3. Johnson, Margaret. "Avoiding Harm Otherwise: Reframing Women Employees' Responses to the Harms of Sexual Harassment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Jul 04, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-04-24 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This article concerns the concepts of employee harm and harm avoidance within the liability framework for hostile work environment sexual harassment. To date, the law’s crediting of women employees’ actions to avoid harm and the reality that women employees use a variety of methods to avoid the multiple harms resulting from sexual harassment has been underexplored. Specifically, this article focuses on women employees’ responses to sexual harassment: the ways in which they are harmed by sexual harassment, beyond the act of sexual harassment itself, and the ways in which they avoid that harm, beyond simply reporting the sexual harassment. This article relies on legal and social science research to explore the harms and harm avoidance actions. This article hopes to reframe the discussion of employees’ actions in response to sexual harassment from one of failures to report to one of actions taken to minimize employees’ job-related and personal injuries from the sexual harassment. There are at least two benefits from this reframing. First, a more inclusive depiction of women employees’ injuries from and responses to sexual harassment would far better inform liability determinations. As a result, the determinations can fulfill the legislative intent to encourage employees’ efforts to “avoid harm.” Second, through this process, there is an opportunity to reveal the existing reality that highlights women’s agency but often is obscured with the dominant picture of a sexual harassment victim as “suffering in silence.”

2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 167 words || 
4. Hernandez, Enrique. and Perrone, Dina. "Homelessness Immersed in Harm: Neoliberalism and the Structural Production of Substance Use-Related Harms among the Homeless Population" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 18, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-04-24 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Neoliberal and capitalist policies that dominate the United States impact homelessness and negatively shape the lives of the homeless population, making them the most vulnerable and neglected population in the United States. The socioeconomic and living conditions, such as poverty, limited opportunities, lack of resources and health care access, risky substance-using practices, and living in high risk environments, cause the homeless to suffer from a myriad of harms, including substance abuse, addiction, infections, disease, and victimization. Although many studies explicate how structural forces create these conditions, a dearth of research explains their effects on substance use-related harms and how these forces affect the everyday lives of the homeless. This paper fills that gap and describes the lives of 20 homeless, substance-using individuals in Orange County, CA. From their in-depth interviews, we present a detailed account of how homeless substance users experience substance use-related harms and how neoliberalist and capitalist structural forces construct the socio-economic conditions that create homeless populations and exacerbate these harms.

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