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2013 - SASE Annual Conference Words: 500 words || 
1. Aguilera, Ruth., Kabbach de Castro, Luiz Ricardo. and Crespi, Rafel. "Strong Owners or Weak Owners?: The Effects of Ownership on Code Compliance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SASE Annual Conference, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, Jun 27, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Inside the boardroom, discussions on compliance with most regulation play out in a quiet and complex process. As such, understanding the sources of non-compliance is imperative to regulation from both policy and theoretical perspectives. From a theoretical perspective, studying non-compliance with codes of good governance is an attractive context to develop an organizational framework that integrates agency and institutional theories to explain governance behavior of firms. This is because to understand the lack of compliance one may examine not only institutional mechanisms to enforce desired behavior but also the costs of non-compliance subject to diverse internal and external agency contexts (Aguilera, Filatotchev, Gospel, & Jackson, 2008; Malloy, 2003). The primary purpose of our manuscript is to answer what are the effects of corporate ownership structure on non-compliance with corporate governance codes.
We build our conceptual framework on recent international corporate governance research suggesting that within and across countries, there exist multiple configurations of agency and institutional characteristics at the firm level leading to different corporate governance practices (Aguilera et al., 2008; Denis, 2010). We advance prior literature on complementarity or substitutive nature of governance mechanisms (Rediker & Seth, 1995; Schepker & Oh, 2012) showing that corporate ownership structure not only defines what sort of agency problem firms will face, but also that shareholders have different institutional logics that define their motivations, incentives, and means to solve this problem.
We propose that ownership is a potential substitute mechanism that makes codes more functional. For example, greater ownership concentration at a focal firm creates a potential agency problem between majority and minority shareholders that do necessarily fit to some of code’s recommendations since codes do not consider firms ownership structure variations. Hence, it may increase the level of non-compliance of firms with a large shareholder, or generate negative byproducts such as exacerbated compliance costs or under-monitoring of management behavior. Additionally, we advocate that differences in the amount of equity from families, corporate owners, and institutional investors, will determine their influence on the board of directors when deciding on management monitoring strategies. This is because dominant shareholders seem to have different preferences for corporate strategies, particularly with regard to control management monitoring (Almazan, Hartzell, & Starks, 2005; Brickley, Lease, & Smith, 1988; Chen, Hartford, & Li, 2008; Cornett, Marcus, Saunders, & Tehranian, 2004).
By analyzing the non-compliance behavior of European firms, this paper contributes to the existing research in several ways. First, corporate governance research analyzing agency mechanisms have primarily examined U.S. and U.K. firms. We extend our sample to include other European firms and assess how firms comply with U.K.- based “comply-or-explain” principle on corporate governance regulation. Second, we develop a conceptual framework to capture not only agency but also institutional determinants of non-compliance. Third, governance studies assume that board structure is independent from ownership (Schepker & Oh, 2012). In contrast, we propose that large owners and the type of shareholder constituencies influence board structure as to balance the cost and benefit of management monitoring that ultimately define the behavior toward non-compliance.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6887 words || 
2. Kauneckis, Derek. "The Influence of Land Owner Attitudes on Environmental Policy Participation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines the results of an empirical study of the effects of landowner attitudes on policy adoption in the Lake Tahoe Basin.

2009 - 5th National Small Farm Conference Words: 301 words || 
3. Donaldson, Susan. and Etter, Stephanie. "A Successful Tool for Teaching Small-Acreage Owners Sustainable Farming Practices" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 5th National Small Farm Conference, Hilton Springfield Hotel and Prairie Capitol Convention Center, Springfield, Illinois, Sep 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Oral Paper Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As Western states subdivide larger parcels and ranches, the need for sustainable land management increasingly rests with a new group of owners with little experience in stewarding land. The multi-phase multi-state Living on the Land: Stewardship for Small Acreages (LOL) curriculum addresses the need to reach, teach and assist a growing population of western landholders moving onto small-acreage properties in managing their natural resources and developing sustainable systems.

LOL is a complete package for use in educating small-acreage owners that presents research-based information on key natural resource issues (goal setting, soil, water, wildfire, plants and animals) as well as information on sustainable small-acreage enterprises and systems. The curriculum crosses disciplines and brings together information needed to address a multitude of community concerns. Rather than focusing only on water quality issues, LOL also integrates economic and social issues as they relate to natural resource protection, quality of life and sustainability.

More than 2,000 copies of the curriculum have been distributed, and programs have been offered in a number of states. This presentation will detail the results of extensive evaluations of both the curriculum and resultant programs in several states to identify successful elements in reaching this audience. Alumni of the Idaho LOL program reported after taking the course of selecting appropriate forages, improving pasture and livestock management methods, improving domestic and livestock water quality, establishing market or CSA gardens, and establishing fencing and irrigation systems. Three years of exit testing and focus group data suggest LOL presents useful information on all aspects of land and resource management applicable to owners of small acreages 1-50 acres in size; addresses and solves critical stewardship problems; brings together the resources of universities, Extension, and local experts; and comprises "the best single resource for learning what is involved in managing a small acreage.”

2009 - 5th National Small Farm Conference Words: 420 words || 
4. Bott, Rebecca. "Healthy Lands, Healthy Horses: Program Development for Small Acreage Owners in South Dakota" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 5th National Small Farm Conference, Hilton Springfield Hotel and Prairie Capitol Convention Center, Springfield, Illinois, Sep 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Poster Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: P. L. Nester1, R. Salverson2, A. Harty3, M. Hubert4, D. Jager5, K. C. Olson4, R. N. Gates4, R. C. Bott6

1Meade County Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, Sturgis, SD 57785
2Harding County Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, Buffalo, SD 57720
3Haakon County Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, Philip, SD 57567
4South Dakota Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University West River Ag Center, Rapid City, SD 57702
5Fall River County Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, Hot Springs, SD 57747
6South Dakota Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007

There has been a steady increase of small acreage land owners within the Black Hills region of South Dakota. The number of small acreages in South Dakota (1-49 acres) increased 27% from 2002 to 2007 (NASS, 2007). For many land owners in western South Dakota, horse ownership is the principal motivator for living on a small acreage. In light of this, extension personnel in western South Dakota have begun to develop program opportunities in the Black Hills region geared towards horse producers entitled “Healthy Lands, Healthy Horses: Skills for Small Acreage Success”. The initial goals of this program are to begin establishing a new small acreage audience while providing support to land owners to help improve grazing and weed management, water quality, feed purchasing decisions, and equine health. Initially two locations, Sturgis and Custer, were selected to hold identical programs. Topics discussed during each program included: maximizing grazing capacity while minimizing weed invasion, getting the best hay for your buck, and protecting water quality. Several advertising strategies were attempted to reach this new audience and the 40 resulting participants were surveyed to determine how they learned about the programs. The four forms of advertising that had the most impact for participation were direct mailings (38.5%), local horse event participation (23.1%), radio public service announcements (23.1%) and magazine ads (15.4%). Workshop participants were also surveyed for future topics of interest. Pasture management for horses ranked first (20.6%), weed control and alternative energy were second (17.7%). Other popular topics included fencing strategies, waste disposal, and native-plant landscaping. Participants suggested that workshops be held at local small acreages for a more hands on approach to education. Having information easily accessible online was also important to many participants. With these initial outcomes we hope to continue to expand the Health Lands, Healthy Horses program by addressing these topics of interest among horse owners in the Black Hills and eventually reaching small acreage owners throughout South Dakota.

2010 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 6232 words || 
5. Gonzales, Teresa. "Retail Districts and Gentrification: Small Business Owners’ Responses to Urban Renewal" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 14, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper discusses the effects of gentrification on small businesses in a predominantly Mexican and Mexican-American neighborhood of Chicago. Drawing on 25 interviews conducted over the course of one year, I address the following questions: How do locally-owned small businesses adapt to or resist gentrification? What strategies do small business owners employ in order to remain in business alongside demographic changes? My findings show that small businesses play an integral role in neighborhood change and are often times affected by gentrification in both negative and positive ways. At the same time new higher income residents provide small business owners with opportunities to capitalize on the changing neighborhood. Instead of allowing increased land prices and a change in customers to control the outcome of their businesses, my findings show that many small business owners adapted their products, services, and prices to attract a variety of customers. There were, however, also a handful of small business owners who did not adapt or whose strategies did not effectively attract customers.

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